Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Effect of Different Combinations of Unboiled and Boiled Tomato Waste in Diet on Performance, Internal Organ Development and Serum Lipid Profile of Broiler Chicken



Maria Endo Mahata, Jamaluddin Manik, Muhammad Taufik, Yose Rizal and Ardi
 
ABSTRACT

Owing to the beneficial effects of a carotenoid called lycopene in tomatoes, the present work was undertaken to study the effect of dietary unboiled (UT) and boiled tomato (BT) waste in broiler chicken on performance, internal organ development and serum lipid profile. One hundred fifty Arbor Acress strain broiler chicken of one week age were used for the study. The experiment was performed in a completely randomized design with different combination of UT and BT (0% UT: 0% BT; 25% UT: 75% BT; 50% UT: 50% BT; 75% UT: 25% BT; 100% UB and 100% BT) to completely replace rice-bran and altering the levels of yellow corn and coconut oil in diet. Each treatment was repeated five times. The results revealed that feed consumption, daily weight gain and feed conversion of broiler chicken were not significantly (p>0.05) affected by various dietary combinations of UT and BT waste. The weights of said internal organs of broiler chicken did not vary significantly (p>0.05) by various combination of dietary UT and BT waste. Further, except for HDL, there was a significant (p<0.05) effect on serum total cholesterol, LDL and triglyseride values of broiler chicken fed different combinations of UT and BT waste in diet. In conclusion, boiled tomato waste up to 7% level in the diet of broiler chicken is highly effective in regulation of lipid metabolism in a positive manner and could prove as an important tool for health conscious people in the prevention of atherosclerosis or coronary heart diseases.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Maria Endo Mahata, Jamaluddin Manik, Muhammad Taufik, Yose Rizal and Ardi , 2016. Effect of Different Combinations of Unboiled and Boiled Tomato Waste in Diet on Performance, Internal Organ Development and Serum Lipid Profile of Broiler Chicken. International Journal of Poultry Science, 15: 283-286.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2016.283.286

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2016.283.286

REFERENCES
Al-Betawi, N.A., 2005. Preliminary study on tomato pomace as unusual feedstuff in broiler diets. Pak. J. Nutr., 4: 57-63.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Anguelova, T. and J. Warthesen, 2000. Lycopene stability in tomato powders. J. Food Sci., 65: 67-70.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Arab, L. and S. Steck, 2000. Lycopene and cardiovascular disease. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 71: 1691s-1695s.
Direct Link  |  

Boileau, T.W.M., A.C. Boileau and J.W. Erdman Jr., 2002. Bioavailability of all-trans and cis-isomers of lycopene. Exp. Biol. Med., 227: 914-919.
Direct Link  |  

Bramley, P.M., 2000. Is lycopene beneficial to human health? Phytochemistry, 54: 233-236.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Dewanto, V., X. Wu, K.K. Adom and R.H. Liu, 2002. Thermal processing enhances the nutritional value of tomatoes by increasing total antioxidant activity. J. Agric. Food Chem., 50: 3010-3014.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Donaldson, M.S., 2004. Nutrition and cancer: A review of the evidence for an anti-cancer diet. Nutr. J., Vol. 3. 10.1186/1475-2891-3-19

Fuhrman, B., A. Elis and M. Aviram, 1997. Hypocholesterolemic effect of lycopene and β-carotene is related to suppression of cholesterol synthesis and augmentation of LDL receptor activity in macrophages. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 233: 658-662.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Ghaffari, M.A. and T. Ghiasvand, 2011. The study of kinetic inhibition of copper (II)-Induced oxidation of low-density lipoprotein by lycopene. J. Food Biochem., 35: 228-240.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Goldstein, J.L. and M.S. Brown, 1990. Regulation of the mevalonate pathway. Nature, 343: 425-430.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Goula, A.M., K.G. Adamopoulos, P.C. Chatzitakis and V.A. Nikas, 2006. Prediction of lycopene degradation during a drying process of tomato pulp. J. Food Eng., 74: 37-46.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Hackett, M.M., J.H. Lee, D. Francis and S.J. Schwartz, 2004. Thermal stability and isomerization of lycopene in tomato oleoresins from different varieties. J. Food Sci., 69: 536-541.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Kavitha, P., J.V. Ramana, J.R. Prasad, P.S. Reddy and P.V.V.S. Reddy, 2004. Effect of dried pomace inclusion in broiler diets on serum and muscle cholesterol content. Proceedings of the 22nd World's Poultry Congress, June 8-13, 2004, Istanbul, Turkey, pp: 823-.

Liral, R.C., C.B.V. Rabello, M.C.M. Ludke, P.V. Ferreira, G.R.Q. Lanal and S.R.V. Lanal, 2010. Productive performance of broiler chickens fed tomato waste. Revista Brasileira Zootecnia 39: 1074-1081.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Mahata, M.E., Y. Rizal and Ardi, 2015. The utilization of tomatoes waste (Lycopersicon Es Culentum) in west sumatera as potential poultry feed for lowering carcass and egg cholesterol. The Progress Report of Hibah Kompetensi Research Project, Funded by Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education Indonesia.

Pohar, K.S., M.C. Gong, R. Bahnson, E.C. Miller and S.K. Clinton, 2003. Tomatoes, lycopene and prostate cancer: A clinician's guide for counseling those at risk for prostate cancer. World J. Urol., 21: 9-14.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Rahmatnejad, E., M. Bojarpour, K.H. Mirzadeh, M. Chaji and T. Mohammadabadi, 2009. The effects of different levels of dried tomato pomace on broilers chicken hematological indices. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 8: 1989-1992.
Direct Link  |  

Rao, A.V. and S. Agarwal, 2000. Role of antioxidant lycopene in cancer and heart disease. J. Am. Coll. Nutr., 19: 563-569.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Safamehr, A., H. Malek and A. Nobakhat, 2011. The effect of different levels of tomato pomace with or without multi-enzyme on performance and egg traits of laying hens. Iran. J. Applied Anim. Sci., 1: 39-47.
Direct Link  |  

Seybold, C., K. Frohlich, R. Bitsch, K. Otto and V. Bohm, 2004. Changes in contents of carotenoids and vitamin E during tomato processing. J. Agric. Food Chem., 52: 7005-7010.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Shi, J., M. Le Maguer, Y. Kakuda, A. Liptay and F. Niekamp, 1999. Lycopene degradation and isomerization in tomato dehydration. Food Res. Int., 32: 15-21.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1990. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. McGraw Hill Book Co., New York, USA Pages: 633.

Takeoka, G.R., L. Dao, S. Flessa, D.M. Gillespie and W.T. Jewell et al., 2001. Processing effects on lycopene content and antioxidant activity of tomatoes. J. Agric. Food Chem., 49: 3713-3717.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Tapiero, H., D.M. Townsend and K.D. Tew, 2004. The role of carotenoids in the prevention of human pathologies. Biomed. Pharmacother., 58: 100-110.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2019 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved