Production Performance of Gold Arab Laying-Hens Fed Diet Containing Neurospora crassa Fermented Palm Kernel Cake
Maria Endo Mahata,
An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of several levels of Neurospora crassa-fermented palm kernel cake in the diet on the production performance of Gold Arab laying-hens and to obtain the appropriate level of this fermented palm kernel cake for reducing the utilization of concentrated feed in the diet. Three hundred Gold Arab laying-hens of 72 weeks old were employed in this experiment and randomly assigned to four treatments (0, 7.25, 10.15 and 13.05% fermented palm kernel cake in diets) in a completely randomized design with five replicates. The measured variable was production performance (feed consumption, egg-mass production, feed conversion, egg weight and hen-day egg production). Results of experiment indicated that feed consumption, egg-mass production, feed conversion, egg weight and hen-day egg production were not influenced (p>0.05) by diets. In conclusion, Neurospora crassa-fermented palm kernel cake could be included up to 13.05% to effectively replace 45% concentrated feed in the diet of Gold Arab laying-hens without adverse effect on the production performance.
Alwi, W., 2014.
The effects of energy-protein balance on Arabic chicken's performance. Skripsi Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar.
Argo, L.B., Tristiarti and I. Mangisah, 2013.
Physical quality of Arabic chicken's eggs supplemented with several levels of Azolla microphylla
. Anim. Agric. J., 2: 445-457.
Argo, D.B., I.H. Djunaidi and M.H. Natsir, 2013.
Effects of bananas peel meal addition as corn substitution on production performance of Arabic chicken (Gallus turcicus
Aziz, A., S. Gan, S.H. Hasan, M.A. Karim and S. Noraini, 2003.
Biomass Estimation and Growth of Aspergillus niger
in solid state fermentation on palm kernel cake. Proceedings of 14th National Biotechnology Seminar, December 11-13, 2003, Malaysia Page: 59-
Indonesian statistics 2010. Center Bearau of Statistics, Jakarta.
Cheng Hai, T., 2011.
The palm oil industry in Malaysia: From seed to frying pan. Prepared for WWF Switzerland by TEOH Cheng Hai, Hon. Advisor, Plantation Agriculture, WWF.
Chin, F.Y., 1991.
Oil palm: A rich source of animal feed. Asian Livestock Vol. 16, No. 10, FAO/APHCA Public. Bangkok, Thailand.
Diwyanto, K. and S.N. Prijono, 2007.
Biodiversity of local chickens in Indonesia. Pusat Penelitian Biologi, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Jakarta.
Dusterhoft, E.M., A.W. Bonte and A.G.J. Voragen, 1993.
Solubilisation of non-starch polysaccharides from oil-seed meals by polysaccharide-degrading enzymes. J. Sci. Food Agric., 63: 211-220.CrossRef | Direct Link |
Ezieshi, E.V. and J.M. Olomu, 2008.
Nutritional evaluation of palm kernel meal types: 2. Effects on live performance and nutrient retention in broiler chicken diets. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 7: 1171-1175.Direct Link |
Harnentis, M. and Mirzah, 2005.
Palm kernel cake processing technology for increasing its utility in poultry diets. Competitive Grant Research Report XIII, Ministry of Education and Culture, Indonesia.
Istinganah, L., S. Mugiyono and N. Iriyanti, 2013.
The effect of using variety of probiotics in Arabian chicken diets on egg production and egg weight. J. Ilmiah Peternakan, 1: 338-346.
Lestari, P.T., 2005.
Eggs production of Arabic chicken fed sludge of alcohol industry in the diet. http://eprints.undip.ac.id/4233/1/6.pdf.
Marini, A.M., M.Y. Ayub, B.A. Salam, H. Hadijah, E.A.E. Azahan and S.A. Tarmizi, 2008.
Protein quality of Aspergillus niger
-fermented palm kernel cake. J. Trop. Agric. Fd. Sc.,Direct Link |
Mirnawati, Y.R., I.P. Kompiang and H. Marlida, 2008.
The role of humic acid as heavy metal scavenger in processing palm kernel cake for poultry feed. Competitive Grant Research Report, Ministry of Education and Culture, Indonesia.
Mirnawati, Y. Rizal, Y. Marlida and I.P. Kompiang, 2010.
The role of humic acid in palm kernel cake fermented by Aspergillus niger
for poultry ration. Pak. J. Nutr., 9: 182-185.CrossRef | Direct Link |
Muangkeow, N. and C. Chinajariyawong, 2013.
Determination of true amino acid digestibility and metabolizable energy in fermented palm kernel meal with Aspergillus wentii
TISTR 3075 for chickens. Walailak J. Sci. Technol., 6: 231-241.Direct Link |
Mustaffa, A.B., F.Y. Chin and S.M. Yusoff, 1987.
The use of palm kernel cake as animal feed. Department Veterinary Services Mimeograph. Bangkok, Thailand as Contribution from Mustaffa, A.B.
Nuraini and Susilawati, 2006.
The nutrient content of Neurospora crassa
-fermented palm kernel cake. Research Report. Faculty of Animal Science, Andalas University, Padang.
Nuraini and A. Trisna, 2006.
The response of broilers on the ration containing Penicillium
sp., fermented palm kernel cake. Jurnal Agribisnis Peternakan (Agripet) USU, Medan, 2: 45-48.
Nuraini and Yunara, 2001.
Increasing the nutrient quality of palm kernel cake through fermentation by using Penicillium sp. Journal Andalas Edisi Pertanian No 36/May/ThXIII.
Nuraini, Siswanti and Widodo, 2007.
Production performance and egg quality of hens receiving diets containing Neurospora crassa
-fermented palm kernel cake. J. Agribisnis Peternakan, 1: 55-59.
Nwokolo, E.N., D.B. Bragg and W.D. Kitts, 1976.
The availability of amino acids from palm kernel, soybean, cottonseed and rapeseed meal for the growing chick. Poult. Sci., 55: 2300-2304.CrossRef | Direct Link |
Rizal, Y., 2000.
The response of broilers to the substitution part of soybean meal for palm kernel cake in the diet. J. Peternakan dan Lingkungan, 2: 15-20.
Rizal, Y., Nuraini, Mirnawati and M.E. Mahata, 2013.
Comparisons of nutrient contents and nutritional values of palm kernel cake fermented by using different fungi. Pak. J. Nutr., 12: 943-948.CrossRef | Direct Link |
Sabrina, N., M.H. Abbas and R. Zein, 2001.
Improving the nutrient quality of palm kernel cake through biotechnological approach by using several fungi. Competitive Grant Research Report, Ministry of Education and Culture, Indonesia.
Safingi, A., M. Mufti and N. Iriyanti, 2013.
The use of variation of probiotics in Arabic chicken's diets on feed consumption and income over feed cost. J. Ilmiah Peternakan, 1: 970-975.
Santoso, U. and Suharyanto, 2011.
Usage of Sauropus androgynous
extract to increase egg production and quality efficiency in Arabic chicken layers. J. Sain Peternakan Indonesia, 6: 41-46.
Scott, M.L., M.C. Nesheim and R.J. Young, 1982.
Nutrition of the Chicken. 3rd Edn., M.L. Scott and Associates Ithaca, New York, USA., ISBN-10: 0960272623, Pages: 562
Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1980.
Principles and Procedures Statistics a Biometric Approach. McGraw Hill, New York, USA
Sundu, B. and J. Dingle, 2003.
Use of enzymes to improve the nutritional value of palm kernel meal and copra meal. Proceedings of the Queensland Poultry Science Symposium, July 24, Gatton, Queensland, Australia, pp: 1-15Direct Link |
Sundu, B., A. Kumar and J. Dingle, 2006.
Palm kernel meal in broiler diets: Effect on chicken performance and health. World's Poult. Sci. J., 62: 316-325.CrossRef | Direct Link |
The effect of palm kernel cake utilization in the diet on the physiological organ of growing ducks. Skripsi. Faculty of Animal Science andalas University, Padang.
Tafsin, M., L.A. Sofyan, N. Ramli, K.W. Wiryawan, K. Zarkasie and W.G. Piliang, 2007.
Polysaccharide mannan of palm kernel cake anti microbial agent for Samonella thypimurium
in the chicken. Media Peternakan J. Anim. Sci., 30: 139-146.
Yumna, M.H., A. Zakaria and V.M.A. Nurgiartiningsih, 2013.
Quantity and quality of Silver and Gold Arabic chicken (Gallus turcicus
). J. Ilmu-ilmu Peternakan 23: 19-24.