Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Effect of Adding Dietary Date (Phoenix dactylifera) Pits Meal With/or Without β -mannanase on Productive Performance and Eggshell Quality Parameters of Layer Hens



S.M. Hassan and A.A. Al Aqil
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

To study the effects of adding date pits meal supplemented with beta-mannanase into diets on the productive performance and eggshell quality parameters, a total of 324 Hisex layer hens were randomly divided into 81 cages. Nine iso-energetic and iso-nitrogenous experimental diets in a 3 x 3 factorial arrangement including three levels of date pits meal (0, 5 and 10%) supplemented with three levels (0 or 330, 660 g of beta-mannanase/ton feed). Each dietary treatment was fed to 9 cages (4 birds/cage) for 8 weeks trail period after production peak from 45 to 53 weeks of age. Results showed significant (p<0.05) differences among treatments in feed consumption, feed conversion ratio, egg mass, egg production, eggshell weight, eggshell weight percentage, eggshell thickness and eggshell weight per surface area. It can be concluded that date pits meal could be partly added into diets as alternative feedstuffs up to 10% with supplementation of 660 g beta-mannanase/ton feed supplementation individually without negative effects on productive performance and eggshell quality characteristics of Hisex layer hen from 45 to 53 weeks of age. Further research on the effects of adding different levels of date pits meal supplemented with different levels of beta-mannanase at different ages on productive performance and eggshell quality parameters for layer hens are required to attain the optimal results.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

S.M. Hassan and A.A. Al Aqil, 2015. Effect of Adding Dietary Date (Phoenix dactylifera) Pits Meal With/or Without β -mannanase on Productive Performance and Eggshell Quality Parameters of Layer Hens. International Journal of Poultry Science, 14: 595-601.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2015.595.601

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2015.595.601

REFERENCES

1:  AOAC., 1995. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemistry. 16th Edn., AOAC International, Washington, USA., Pages: 1141

2:  Abd El-Rahman, S.A., R.E. Khidr and H.M. Abou-El-Nasr, 1999. Date stone meal as a source of energy in layer diets. Egypt. Poult. Sci. J., 19: 307-323.

3:  Aldhaheri, A., G. Alhadrami, N. Aboalnaga, I. Wasfi and M. Elridi, 2004. Chemical composition of date pits and reproductive hormonal status of rats fed date pits. Food Chem., 86: 93-97.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Abdallah, A.G., R.H. Harms and O. El-Husseiny, 1993. Performance of hens laying eggs with heavy or light shell weight when fed diets with different calcium and phosphorus levels. Poult. Sci., 72: 1881-1891.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Al-Harithi, M.A., 2006. The influence of date waste meal supplemented with either enzymes, probiotics or their combination on broiler performance. Egypt Poult. Sci., 26: 1031-1055.
Direct Link  |  

6:  Al-Harthi, M.A., A.A. El-Deek, H.M. Yakout and M. Al-Refaee, 2009. The nutritive value of date waste meal as a feedstuff for lohmann brown pullets and layers. J. Poult. Sci., 46: 303-312.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Al-Homidan, A.H. and I.H. Hermes, 2003. Date waste, whole dates and date pits as ingredients in broiler diets. Egypt. Poult. Sci. J., 23: 15-35.

8:  Al-Saffar, A.E., Y.A. Attia, M.B. Mahmoud, H.S. Zewell and F. Bovera, 2012. Productive and reproductive performance and egg quality of laying hens fed diets containing different levels of date pits with enzyme supplementations. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 45: 327-334.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Almirall, M., M. Francesch, A.M. Pereze-Vendrell, J. Brufau and E. Esteve-Garcia, 1995. The differences in intestinal viscosity produced by barley and β-glucanase alter digesta enzyme activities and ileal nutrient digestibilities more in broiler chicks than in cocks. J. Nutr., 125: 947-955.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  Attalla, A.M. and F.M. Harraz, 1996. Chemical composition of the pits of selected date palm cultivars grown in the Qassim region Saudi Arabia. Arab Gulf J. Sci. Res., 14: 629-639.

11:  Benabdeljelil, K. and M.I. Arbaoui, 1994. Effects of enzyme supplementation of barley-based diets on hen performance and egg quality. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 48: 325-334.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Carpenter, K.J. and K.M. Clegg, 1956. The metabolizable energy of poultry feeding stuffs in relation to their chemical composition. J. Sci. Food Agric., 7: 45-51.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Cho, J.H. and I.H. Kim, 2013. Effects of β-mannanase supplementation in combination with low and high energy dense diets for growing and finishing broilers. Livestock Sci., 154: 137-143.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Cowieson, A.J. and V. Ravindran, 2008. Effect of exogenous enzymes in maize-based diets varying in nutrient density for young broilers: Growth performance and digestibility of energy, minerals and amino acids. Br. Poult. Sci., 49: 37-44.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Daskiran, M., R.G. Teeter, D. Fodge and H.Y. Hsiao, 2004. An evaluation of endo-β-D-mannanase (Hemicell) effects on broiler performance and energy use in diets varying in β-mannan content. Poult. Sci., 83: 662-668.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

16:  Duncan, D.B., 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11: 1-42.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  El-Bogdady, A.H., 1995. Date stone meal as an ingredient in laying Quail feed. Egypt. Poult. Sci. J., 15: 153-167.

18:  El-Habba, M.S. and F. Al-Mulhim, 2013. The competitiveness of the Saudi Arabian date palm: An analytical study. Afr. J. Agric. Res., 8: 5260-5267.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Ghasemi, R., M. Torki, H.A. Ghasemi and M. Zarei, 2014. Single or combined effects of date pits and olive pulps on productive traits, egg quality, serum lipids and leucocytes profiles of laying hens. J. Applied Anim. Res., 42: 103-109.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

20:  Gracia, M.I., R. Lazaro, M.A. Latorre, P. Medel, M.J. Aranibar, E. Jimenez-Moreno and G.G. Mateos, 2009. Influence of enzyme supplementation of diets and cooking-flaking of maize on digestive traits and growth performance of broilers from 1 to 21 days of age. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 150: 303-315.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

21:  Hamada, J.S., I.B. Hashim and F.A. Sharif, 2002. Preliminary analysis and potential uses of date pits in foods. Food Chem., 76: 135-137.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  Hermes, I.H. and A.H. Al-Homidan, 2004. Effects of using date waste (whole dates and date pits) on performance, egg components and quality characteristics of Baladi Saudi and Leghorn laying hens. Egypt. J. Nutr. Feeds, 7: 223-241.
Direct Link  |  

23:  Hempe, J.M., R.C. Laukxen and J.E. Savage, 1988. Rapid determination of egg weight and specific gravity using a computerized data collection system. Poult. Sci., 67: 902-907.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

24:  Hussein, A.S. and G.A. Alhadrami, 2003. Effect of enzyme supplementation and diets containing date pits on growth and feed utilization of broiler chicks. Agric. Mar. Sci., 8: 67-71.
Direct Link  |  

25:  Hussein, A.S., G.A. Alhadrami and Y.H. Khalil, 1998. The use of dates and date pits in broiler starter and finisher diets. Bioresour. Technol., 66: 219-223.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

26:  Ishrud, O., M. Zahid, H. Zhou and Y. Pan, 2001. A water-soluble galactomannan from the seeds of Phoenix dactylifera L. Carbohydr. Res., 335: 297-301.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

27:  Jackson, M.E., D.W. Fodge and H.Y. Hsiao, 1999. Effects of β-mannanase in corn-soybean meal diets on laying hen performance. Poult. Sci., 78: 1737-1741.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

28:  Kamel, B.S., M.F. Diab, M.A. Ilian and A.J. Salman, 1981. Nutritional value of whole dates and date pits in broiler rations. Poult. Sci., 60: 1005-1011.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

29:  Kashani, S., A. Mohebbifar, M. Habibian and M. Torki, 2013. Effects of dietary inclusion of ground pits of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) with or without probiotic Yeasture® on productive performance, egg traits and some blood parameters of laying hens. Annu. Rev. Res. Biol., 3: 492-506.
Direct Link  |  

30:  Kong, C., J.H. Lee and O. Adeola, 2011. Supplementation of β-mannanase to starter and grower diets for broilers. Can. J. Anim. Sci., 91: 389-397.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

31:  Lee, J.T., C.A. Bailey and A.L. Cartwright, 2003. β-mannanase ameliorates viscosity-associated depression of growth in broiler chickens fed guar germ and hull fractions. Poult. Sci., 82: 1925-1931.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

32:  Hussein, M.M.D., W.A. Helmy and H.M. Salem, 1998. Biological activities of some galactomannans and their sulfated derivatives. Phytochemistry, 48: 479-484.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

33:  Moghaieb, R.E.A., A.H.A. Abdel-Hadi and M.R.A. Ahmed, 2011. Genetic stability among date palm plantlets regenerated from petiole explants. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 10: 14311-14318.
Direct Link  |  

34:  Najib, H. and Y.M. Al-Yousef, 2012. Effect of enzymatic treatment of Saudi date pits on performance of single comb white leghorn hens and the fatty acid profile of their eggs. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 11: 624-629.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

35:  Najib, H., Y.M. Al-Yousef and M. Hmeidan, 1994. Partial replacement of corn with dates in layer diet. J. Applied Anim. Res., 6: 91-96.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

36:  Panda, P.C., 1996. Shape and Texture. In: Textbook on Egg and Poultry Technology, Panda, P.C. (Ed.). Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India, pp: 57

37:  Perez, J.F., A.G. Gernat and J.G. Murillo, 2000. Research notes: The effect of different levels of palm kernel meal in layer diets. Poult. Sci., 79: 77-79.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

38:  Radwan, M.S.M., N.A. Hataba, A.I. El-Faham and S.A. Ibrahim, 1997. Using date stone meal in grower chick and layer diets. Egypt. J. Nutr. Feeds, 1: 321-333.

39:  Roberts, J.R., 2004. Factors affecting egg internal quality and egg shell quality in laying hens. J. Poult. Sci., 41: 161-177.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

40:  Salem, S.A. and S.M. Hegazi, 1971. Chemical composition of the Egyptian dry dates. J. Sci. Food Agric., 22: 632-633.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

41:  Sawaya, W.N., J.K. Khalil and W.J. Safi, 1984. Chemical composition and nutritional quality of date seeds. J. Food Sci., 49: 617-619.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

42:  Wells, R.G., 1968. The Measurement of Certain Egg Quality Characteristics: A Review. In: Egg Quality: A Study of the Hen's Egg, Carter, T.C. (Ed.). National Academies, Edinburgh, UK., pp: 207-249

43:  Wu, G., M.M. Bryant, R.A. Voitle and D.A. Roland Sr, 2005. Effects of Mannanase in corn-soy diets on commercial leghorns in second-cycle hens. Poult. Sci., 84: 894-897.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

44:  Wyatt, C.L. and T. Goodman, 1993. Utilization of feed enzymes in laying hen rations. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 2: 68-74.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

45:  Yakout, H.M., M.M. Shehatta, M.E. Omera and E.H. El-Ganzory, 2004. The effect of energy levels on the response of local laying hens to enzyme supplemented diets. Egypt. Poult. Sci., 24: 497-501.

46:  Najib, H.A., Y.M. Al-Yousif, M. Hmeidan and I. Al-Turki, 1993. Use of dates as an energy sources in the layer rations. Proceedings of the 3rd Symposium of Date Palms, January 17-20, 1993, King Faisal University, Al-Hasa, Saudi Arabia, pp: 385-392

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved