Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Productive and Physiological Responses of Heat-Stressed Dominant Black Hens to Artificial Ventilation and Modified Layers Mash in Nigeria



O.G. Fasanmi, O.J. Okuneye, E.S. Ajibola, M.O. Oladele- Bukola, J.F. Olona, J.O. Ajayi and F.A. Balogun
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

One thousand 53 weeks old heat stressed dominant black hens at 82% egg production were allotted into four treatment groups and used to determine the effects of ventilation and modified Layer’s mash (MLM) on productive and physiological parameters. Treatment 1 (T1) are birds housed with fan and fed layers mash. Treatment 2 (T2) are birds fed MLM with fans, treatment 3 (T3) were fed layers mash but no fans. Treatment 4 (T4) fed MLM but no fans. Data were subjected to percentages and two way ANOVA. T1 had the highest mean feed intake (114.56±0.035 gm) and T4 had the lowest consumption (107.87±0.086 gm). The highest mean weekly mortality (11.10±0.98) was recorded in T3 and the lowest 6.31±0.21 in T2. T2 had the highest mean % egg production (78.18±2.80) and the lowest percentage (68.37±3.10) in T3. The result of this study also revealed that both relative humidity (RH) and temperature correlated negatively and significantly with feed consumption across the treatments. The PCV of T1 (37.20±0.70) is equal to T2 (37.40±0.10), but significantly greater (p>0.05) than T3 (34.45±0.05) and T4 (34.20±0.50), the WBC followed same trend, while other haematological parameters show no significant differences. T2 has the most significant increase in serum globulin and Uric acid, followed by T1, all other parameters are not significantly different. The electrolytes (K+, Na+, Ca2+, Cl- and HCO3-) also followed the same trend. T2 has the best performance, therefore to alleviate the effects of heat stress, dietary modifications and good ventilation is recommended.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

O.G. Fasanmi, O.J. Okuneye, E.S. Ajibola, M.O. Oladele- Bukola, J.F. Olona, J.O. Ajayi and F.A. Balogun, 2015. Productive and Physiological Responses of Heat-Stressed Dominant Black Hens to Artificial Ventilation and Modified Layers Mash in Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science, 14: 471-478.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2015.471.478

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2015.471.478

REFERENCES

1:  Abdul Hameed, T., 2012. Measurement of serum albumin by three different methods. Kerbala J. Pharmaceut., Sci., 4: 111-118.
Direct Link  |  

2:  Abu-Dieyeh, Z.H.M., 2006. Effect of chronic heat stress and long-term feed restriction on broiler performance. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 5: 185-190.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

3:  Altan, O., A. Altan, I. Oguz, A. Pabuccuoglu and S. Konyalioglu, 2000. Effects of heat stress on growth, some blood variables and lipid oxidation in broilers exposed to high temperature at an early age. Br. Poult. Sci., 41: 489-493.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  AOAC., 1995. Official Methods of Analysis. 13th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC., USA., Pages: 30

5:  Ayo, J.O., J.A. Obidi and P.I. Rekwot, 2010. Seasonal variations in feed consumption, hen-day, mortality and culls of Bovans Black chickens. Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production, March 14-17, 2010, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria, pp: 415-418

6:  Ayo, J.O., S.B. Oladele, S. Ngam, A. Fayomi and S.B. Afolayan, 1999. Diurnal fluctuations in rectal temperature of the Red Sokoto goat during the harmattan season. Res. Vet. Sci., 66: 7-9.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Bawa, G.S., M.K. Joel and A.E.O. Malau-Aduli, 2001. Effects of age, season and year on egg production and layer bird mortality. Proceedings of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production: Strategies for Poverty Alleviation, November 19-22, 2001, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria, pp: 36-39

8:  Blem, C.R., 2000. Energy Balance. In: Sturkie's Avian Physiology, Whittow, G.C. (Ed.). 5th Edn., Academic Press, New York, pp: 327-341

9:  Brake, J.T., 1987. Stress and Modern Poultry Management: Animal Production Highlights. Hoffman-La Roche, Basle, Switzerland, pp: 1-4

10:  Chandrasekar, K.V., 2011. Combating heat stress to keep birds productive. World Poultry E-Newsletter, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy.

11:  Charles, D.R., 2002. Responses to the Thermal Environment. In: Poultry Environment Problems, A Guide to Solutions, Charles, D.A. and A.W. Walter (Eds.). Notyingham University Press, Nottingham, UK., pp: 1-6

12:  Chowdhury, M.M.I., A. Ashraf, S.P. Mondal, N.M. Abu Al Moi Mondol and M.M. Hasan, 2004. Effect of season on the hatchability of duck eggs. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 3: 419-421.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Dacie, J.V. and S.M. Lewis, 1991. Practical Haematology. 7th Edn., ELBS and Churchill livingstone, England, pp: 37-58

14:  Dauda, T.O., A.O. Adetayo and A.K. Tiamiyu, 2006. Effects of weather on egg characteristics of Isa Brown layers in Ibadan, Nigeria. Anim. Sci. J., 77: 117-121.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Dawson, W.R. and G.C. Whittow, 2000. Regulation of Body Temperature. In: Sturkie's Avian Physiology, Whittow, G.C. (Ed.). Academic Press, New York, USA., ISBN: 978-0-12-747605-6, pp: 343-390

16:  Deeb, N. and A. Cahaner, 2002. Genotype-by-environment interaction with broiler genotypes differing in growth rate. 3. Growth rate and water consumption of broiler progeny from weight-selected versus nonselected parents under normal and high ambient temperatures. Poult. Sci., 81: 293-301.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Fasanmi, O.G. and S.A.A. Sansi, 2009. Poultry Water: The Suitability and Pot-Ability. 1st Edn., Tunmid Printronic, Ibadan, Nigeria, Pages: 8

18:  Fasanmi, O.G., 2011. Health Management Practices in Tropical Poultry Production. 1st Edn., TAF Printronic, Ibadan, Nigeria, pp: 58-62

19:  Fasanmi, O.G., C.R. Unigwe, M.O. Oladele-Bukola, I.O. Ayodeji, J.O. Ajayi and O.C. Nwufoh, 2014. Therapeutic importance of calcium gluconater in Cage Layer Fatigue (CLF), the effects on egg production, haematology and serum biochemistry of commercial layers. Int. J. Res. Stud. Sci. Eng. Technol., 1: 47-53.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Franceschini, M.A., S. Fantini, A. Cerussi, B.B. Barbieri, B. Chance and E. Gratton, 1997. Quantitative spectroscopic determination of hemoglobin concentration and saturation in a turbid medium: Analysis of the effect of water absorption. J. Biomed. Opt., 2: 147-153.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

21:  Gabbey, A.E., 2012. Uric acid test (Urine analysis). June 11, 2012. http://www.healthline.com/health/uric-acid-urine#Overview1.

22:  Gingerich, E., 2012. Minimizing the Effects of Summer Heat. Poultry Diamond V, Europe, Nederlands, pp: 1-6

23:  Hai, L., D. Rong and Z.Y. Zhang, 2000. The effect of thermal environment on the digestion of broilers. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr., 83: 57-64.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

24:  Igono, M.O., E.C.I. Molokwu and Y.O. Aliu, 1982. Body temperature responses of Savanna Brown goat to the harmattan and hot-dry season. Int. J. Biometeorol., 26: 225-230.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

25:  Irshad, A., G. Kandeepan, S. Kumar, K.A. Ashish, M.R. Vishnuraj and V. Shukla, 2013. Factors influencing carcass composition of livestock: A review. J. Anim. Prod. Adv., 3: 177-186.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

26:  Keener, K.M., K.C. McAvoy, J.B. Foegeding, P.A. Curtis, K.E. Anderson and J.A. Osborne, 2006. Effect of testing temperature on internal egg quality measurements. Poult. Sci., 85: 550-555.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

27:  Kohn, R.A. and M.S. Allen, 1995. Enrichment of proteolytic activity relative to nitrogen in preparations from the rumen for in vitro studies. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 52: 1-14.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

28:  Mahmoud, K.Z., F.W. Edens, E.J. Eisen and G.B. Havenstein, 2004. Ascorbic acid decreases heat shock protein 70 and plasma corticosterone response in broilers (Gallus gallus domesticus) subjected to cyclic heat stress. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part B: Biochem. Mol. Biol., 137: 35-42.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

29:  Marder, J. and Z. Arad, 1989. Panting and acid-base regulation in heat stressed birds. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part A: Physiol., 94: 395-400.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

30:  Mbajiorgu, C.A., J.W. Ng'ambi and D. Norris, 2007. Effect of time of initiation of feeding after hatching and influence of dietary ascorbic acid supplementation on productivity, mortality and carcass characteristics of Ross 308 broiler chickens in South Africa. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 6: 583-591.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

31:  McNadabb, F.M.A. and D.B. King, 1993. Thyroid hormone effects on growth, development and metabolism in vertebrates. Zool. Sci., 10: 873-885.

32:  Moreki, J.C., 2008. Feeding strategies in poultry in hot climate. Poultry Today POU 0601, Non-Ruminants Division, Department of Animal Production, Gaborone, Botswana, January 2008, pp: 1-5.

33:  Nardone, A., B. Ronchi, N. Lacetera, M.S. Ranieri and U. Bernabucci, 2010. Effects of climate changes on animal production and sustainability of livestock systems. Livest. Sci., 130: 57-69.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

34:  Nienaber, J.A. and G.L. Hahn, 2007. Livestock production system management responses to thermal challenges. Int. J. Biometeorol., 52: 149-157.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

35:  Njoya, J. and M. Picard, 1994. Climatic adaptation of laying hens. Trop. Anim. Health. Prod., 26: 180-186.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

36:  Obi, I.U., 1990. Statistical Method of Detecting Differences Between Treatment Means. 2nd Edn., Snaap Press, Enugu, Nigeria, pp: 25-85

37:  Obidi, J.A., B.I. Onyeanusi, P.I. Rekwot, J.O. Ayo and T. Dzenda, 2008. Seasonal variations in seminal characteristics of Shikabrown breeder cocks. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 7: 1219-1223.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

38:  Oladele, S.B., S. Ogundipe, J.O. Ayo and K.A.N. Esievo, 2003. Seasonal and species variations in erythrocyte osmotic fragility of indigeneous poultry species in Zaria, Northern Guinea Savannah zone of Nigeria. Bull. Anim. Health Prod. Afr., 51: 204-214.

39:  Olanrewaju, H.A., S. Wongpichet, J.P. Thaxton, W.A. Dozier III and S.L. Branton, 2006. Stress and acid-base balance in chickens. Poult. Sci., 85: 1266-1274.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

40:  Olawumi, S.O. and J.T. Ogunlade, 2010. Phenotypic correlations between reproductive traits in layer breeders and weather variables in humid Zone of Nigeria. Int. J. Anim. Sci., 2: 113-120.

41:  Olawumi, S.O., 2007. Genotype and Season interaction Effects on reproductive performance of two breeds of layers in humid zone in Nigeria. Applied Trop. Agric., 12: 78-82.

42:  Olawumi, S.O., 2011. Influence of Breed and Season on Reproductive traits of three strains of commercial layers in the derived Savannah zone of Nigeria. Int. J. Agric. Food Sci., 2: 97-104.

43:  Post, J., J.M.J. Rebel and A.A. ter Huurne, 2003. Physiological effects of elevated plasma corticosterone concentrations in broiler chickens. An alternative means by which to assess the physiological effects of stress. Poult. Sci., 82: 1313-1318.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

44:  Renaudeau, D., A. Collin, S. Yahav, V. de Basilio, J.L. Gourdine and R.J. Collier, 2012. Adaptation to hot climate and strategies to alleviate heat stress in livestock production. Animal, 6: 707-728.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

45:  Rozenboim, I., E. Tako, O. Gal-Garber, J.A. Proudman and Z. Uni, 2007. The effect of heat stress on ovarian function of laying hens. Poult. Sci., 86: 1760-1765.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

46:  Sahin, N., K. Sahin and O. Kukuk, 2001. Effects of vitamin E and vitamin A supplementation on performance, thyroid status and serum concentrations of some metabolites and minerals in broilers reared under heat stress (32°C). Vet. Med., 46: 286-292.
Direct Link  |  

47:  Sahin, K., N. Sahin and O. Kucuk, 2003. Effects of chromium and ascorbic acid supplementation on growth, carcass traits, serum metabolites and antioxidant status of broiler chickens reared at a high ambient temperature (32°C). Nutr. Res., 23: 225-238.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

48:  Jain, N.C., 1986. Schalm's Veterinary Haematology. 4th Edn., Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia

49:  Settar, P., S. Yalcin, L. Turkmut, S. Ozak and A. Cahanar, 1999. Season by genotype interaction related to broiler growth rate and heat tolerance. Poult. Sci., 78: 1353-1358.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

50:  Shane, S.M., 1988. Factors influencing health and performance of poultry in hot climates. Poult. Biol., 1: 247-269.

51:  Wasserman, R., 2015. Uses of choline chloride. http://www.livestrong.com/article/218650-uses-of-choline-chloride/.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved