Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Partial Ablation of Uropygial Gland Effect on Production Performance of Akar Putra Chicken



Hasan S.A. Jawad, Lokman Hakim Bin Idris, Saad A. Naji, MdZuki Bin Bakar and Azhar Bin Kassim
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

In an experiment with 120 Akar Putra chicken, the partial uropygialectomy effects at 4 ages on production performance was determined. The experiment comprised 5 treatments (24 chicken/treatment), with 3 replicates for each (8 chicken/replicate). Experimental treatments consist of a control treatment T1, partial ablation of uropygial gland (uropygialecomy) were applied on T2, T3, T4 and T5 treatments at 3, 4, 5 and 6 weeks, respectively. Body weight, weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio for males and females were recorded weekly. The results revealed remarkable significant (p<0.01) enhancing for partial uropygialectomy treatments than control group in all of males and females body weight, weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio measurements. Variation ratio of production performance parameters for Partial Uropygialectomy treatments than control group was calculated to support the results. Best results were indicated in T2 treatment when partial uropygialectomy performed at week 3.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Hasan S.A. Jawad, Lokman Hakim Bin Idris, Saad A. Naji, MdZuki Bin Bakar and Azhar Bin Kassim, 2015. Partial Ablation of Uropygial Gland Effect on Production Performance of Akar Putra Chicken. International Journal of Poultry Science, 14: 213-221.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2015.213.221

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2015.213.221

REFERENCES

1:  Schultz, A., S. Laschat, M. Morr, S. Diele, M. Dreyer and G. Bringmann, 2002. Highly branched alkanoic acids from the preen-gland wax of the domestic goose as building blocks for chiral triphenylenes. Helvetica Chimica Acta, 85: 3909-3918.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Aslan, K., S. Ozcan and I. Kurtul, 2000. Arterial vascularization of the uropygial glands (Gl. uropygialis) in geese (Anser anser) and ducks (Anas platyrhynches). Anat. Histol. Emberyol., 29: 291-293.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

3:  Al-Hassani, D.H., I.A. Abdul-Hussan and S.A. Naji, 2008. Effect of uropygialectomy on some semen traits of broiler breeder males. Proceedings of the 22th World's Poultry Congress Conference, 30 June-July 4, 2008, Brisbane, Australia -

4:  Moyer, B.R., A.N. Rock and D.H. Clayton, 2003. Experimental test of the importance of preen oil in rock doves (Columba livia). Auk, 120: 490-496.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Bo, N.A., 1953. Observaciones sobre la glandula uropigia del bigua Phalacrocorax brasilianus brasilianus (Gmelin). Ciencia Investig., 9: 521-524.

6:  Bhattacharyya, S.P., 1972. A comparative study on the histology and histochemistry of uropygial glands. Cellule, 69: 113-126.

7:  Bride, J., 1975. Etude ultraestructurale de la morphogenese et de la differenciation de la glande uropygienne decanard (Anasplatyrhynchos) zoologie. Physiologie Biologie Animale, 12: 13-71.

8:  Chen, Y.H., M.J. Kou, F.M. Pan and L.L. Lu, 2003. Effects of uropygial gland removal on the growth performance and plasma characteristics in female white roman goslings from 3 to 10 weeks of age. Tunghai J., 44: 7-13.

9:  Calislar, T., 1986. Anatomy of domestic animals I. In: Dissection of horse and hen. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, pp: 281-282.

10:  Duncan, D.B., 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11: 1-42.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  GooDwin, D., 1983. Pigeons and Doves of the World. 3rd Edn., British Museum (Natural History), lthaca, ISBN-13: 9780565008475, Pages: 363

12:  Genstat, 2003. GENSTAT 5.0 Release 4.23DE, Discovery. 1st Edn., Lawes Agricultural Trust, Rothamsted Experimental Station, United Kingdom

13:  Gonzalez-Alvarado, J.M., M.E. Suarez-Oporta, A. Pro-Martinez and C. Lopez-Coello, 2000. Feed restriction and salbutamol to control ascites syndrome in broilers: 1. Productive performance and carcass traits. Publicado Como Articulo Agrociencia, 34: 283-292.
Direct Link  |  

14:  Gonzales, E., J. Buyse, M.M. Lodi, T.S. Takita, N. Bugs and E. Decuypere, 1998. Performance, incidence of metabolic disturbances and endocrine variables of food-restricted male broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci., 39: 671-678.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Getty, R., 1975. The Anatomy of Domestic Animals. 5th Edn., W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, Pages: 1583

16:  Hsu, W.S., 1936. Further cytological observations on the uropygial glands of birds. Cell Tissue Res., 24: 248-255.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Harem, I.S., M. Kocak-Harem, T. Turan-Kozlu, Y. Akaydin-Bozkurt, E. Karadag-Sari and H. Altunay, 2010. Histologic structure of the uropygial gland of the osprey (Pandion haliaetus). J. Zoo Wildlife Med., 41: 148-151.
Direct Link  |  

18:  Jacob, J., 1992. Systematics and the analysis of integumental lipids: The uropygial gland. Bull. Br. Ornithol. Club, 112: 159-167.

19:  Johnston, D.W., 1988. A morphological atlas of the avian uropygial gland. Bull. Br. Museum Natural Histol., 54: 199-259.

20:  Julian, R.J., 1997. Causes and prevention of ascites in broilers. Zootec. Int., 4: 52-53.

21:  Julian, R.J., 1998. Rapid growth problems: Ascites and skeletal deformities in broilers. Poult. Sci., 77: 1773-1780.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  Jacob, J., 1976. Bird Waxes. In: Chemistry and Biochemistry of Natural Waxes, Kolattukudy, P.E. (Ed.). Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp: 93-146

23:  King, A.S. and J. Mclelland, 1984. Birds their Structure and Function. 2nd Edn., Baillie Tindall, London, UK., pp: 218-275

24:  Kamiya, S., Y. Izumisawa, M. Tsukushi, H. Amasaki and M. Daigo, 1986. Histochemical studies on polysaccharides in the gland of ducks. Bull. Nippon Vet. Zootechnical College, 35: 1-7.

25:  Lucas, A.M. and P.R. Stettenheim, 1972. Avian Anatomy. U.S. Department Agriculture Handbook, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., pp: 613-626.

26:  Leeson, S. and J.D. Summers, 1997. Commercial Poultry Nutrition. University Books, Ontario, Canada

27:  McLelland, J., 1990. A Color Atlas of Avian Anatomy. Wolfe Publishing, England, pp: 18

28:  Montalti, D., A.M. Gutierrez, G. Reboredo and A. Salibian, 2000. Ablacion de la glandula uropigia y sobrevida de Columba livia. Bollettino Museo Civico Storia Naturale Venezia, 50: 263-266.

29:  Menon, G.K., S.K. Aggarwal and A.M. Lucas, 1981. Evidence for the holocrine nature of lipoid secretion by avian epidermal cells: A histochemical and fine structural study of rictus and the uropygial gland. J. Morphol., 167: 185-199.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

30:  Montalti, D., A. Quiroga, A. Massone, J.R. Idiart and A. Salibian, 2001. Histochemical and lectin histochemical studies on the gland of rock dove Columba livia. Braz. J. Morphol. Sci., 18: 33-39.

31:  Montalti, D. Ontalti, A.M. Gutierrez and A. Salibian, 1998. Tecnica quirurgica para la ablacion de la glandula uropigia en la paloma casera Columba livia. Revista Brasileira Biologia, 58: 193-196.

32:  Montalti, D., A.M. Gutierrez, G.R. Reboredo and A. Salibian, 2006. Removal urogygial gland does not affect serum lipids, cholesterol and calcium levels in the rock pigeon Columba livia. Acta Biologica Hungarica, 57: 295-300.

33:  Montalti, D. and A. Saliban, 2000. Uropygial gland size and avian habitat. Ornitol. Neotropical, 11: 297-306.
Direct Link  |  

34:  Nickel, R., A. Schummer and E. Seiferle, 1977. The skin anatomy of the domestic birds. Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin, pp: 14-15.

35:  Qureshi, M.A. and G.B. Havenstein, 1994. A comparison of the immune performance of a 1991 commercial broiler with a 1957 randombred strain when fed typical 1957 and 1991 broiler diets. Poult. Sci., 73: 1805-1812.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

36:  Robinson, F.E., H.L. Classen, J.A. Hanson and D.K. Onderka, 1992. Growth performance, feed efficiency and the incidence of skeletal and metabolic disease in full-fed and feed restricted broiler and roaster chickens. J. Applied Poult. Res., 1: 33-41.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

37:  Reneerkens, J., T. Piersma and J.S.S. Damste, 2006. S16-1 discerning adaptive value of seasonal variation in preen waxes: Comparative and experimental approaches. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 52: 272-275.
Direct Link  |  

38:  Sawad, A.A., 2006. Morphological and histological study of uropygial gland in moorhen (G. gallinula C. choropus). Int. J. Poult. Sci., 50: 938-941.
Direct Link  |  

39:  Soler, J.J., J.M. Peralta-Sanchez, A.M. Martin-Platero, M. Martin-Vivaldi, M. Martinez-Bueno and A.P. Moller, 2012. The evolution of size of the uropygial gland: Mutualistic feather mites and uropygial secretion reduce bacterial loads of eggshells and hatching failures of European birds. J. Evolutionary Biol., 25: 1779-1791.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

40:  Suzuki, T., 1994. Ultrastructural studies on the uropygial glands of quail. Jap. Poult. Sci., 31: 38-44.

41:  Sandilands, V., J. Savory and K. Powell, 2004. Preen gland function in layer fowls: Factors affecting morphology and feather lipid levels. Comp. Biochem. Phys. A. Integrative Physiol., 137: 217-225.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

42:  Sadoon, A.H., 2011. Histological study of european starling uropygial gland (Sturnus vulgaris). Int. J. Poult. Sci., 10: 662-664.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

43:  Shawkey, M.D., S.R. Pillai and G.E. Hill, 2003. Chemical warfare? Effects of uropygial oil on feather-degrading bacteria. J. Avian Biol., 34: 345-349.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

44:  Tottori, J., R. Yamaguchi, Y. Murakawa, M. Sato, K. Uchida and S. Tateyama, 1997. The use of feed restriction for mortality control of chickens in broiler farms. Avain Dis., 41: 433-437.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

45:  Vincze, O., C.I. Vagasi, I. Kovacs, I. Galvan and P.L. Pap, 2013. Sources of variation in uropygial gland size in European birds. Biol. J. Linnean Soc., 110: 543-563.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

46:  Wepruk, J. and S. Church, 2003. Balancing production and welfare. A Report On Broiler Chickens, Alberta Farm Animal Care (AFAC), Complex Animal Care Issues, April 2003, pp: 2-8.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved