Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Characterization of Number of Crow and Qualitative Marker of Kokok Balenggek Song Fowl Inside a Captive Breeding Farm in Solok Regency, West Sumatera Province, Indonesia



Rusfidra , Y.Y. Tumatra, M.H. Abbas, Y. Heryandi and F. Arlina
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Kokok Balenggek chicken is a poultry genetic resource from West Sumatera Province, Indonesia, well-known as song fowl for Minang Kabau tribes. This study was conducted in “Agutalok” Captive Breeding Farm in Solok Regency, West Sumatera Indonesia to characterize local chickens based on qualitative traits. This research was aimed to collect basic data of qualitative marker on Kokok Balenggek song fowl. Twenty one adult male of Kokok Balenggek chickens were sampled for this study. Traits studied were number of crow, feather morphology, plumage colour, skin colour, shank colour, comb type, comb colour, earlobes and wattles. The results showed that the number of crows was ranging 5-11 crows. The qualitative traits on Kokok Balenggek chicken were Taduang (4.76%), Jalak (9.52%), Kinantan (9.52%), Kinangkeh (9.52%), Sipatuang rimbo (4.76%), Kuriak padi masak (4.76%), Biriang kalek (23.81 %), Biriang pucek (14.29%), Biriang kuniang (19.05%). Overall, normal feather cover was the main plumage characteristics of Kokok Balenggek chicken populations in the study area. Yellow shanks were dominantly most frequent, followed by black shanks. All chickens studied had earlobes and had wattles. Further studies involving morphometric, production and molecular analyses are important for exhaustive characterization.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Rusfidra , Y.Y. Tumatra, M.H. Abbas, Y. Heryandi and F. Arlina, 2014. Characterization of Number of Crow and Qualitative Marker of Kokok Balenggek Song Fowl Inside a Captive Breeding Farm in Solok Regency, West Sumatera Province, Indonesia. International Journal of Poultry Science, 13: 343-346.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2014.343.346

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2014.343.346

REFERENCES

1:  Cabarles, J.C., A.L. Lambio, S.A. Vega, S.S. Capitan and M.S. Mendioro, 2012. Distinct morphological features of traditional chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus L.) in Western Visayas, Philippines. Anim. Genet. Res., 51: 73-87.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Crawford, R.D., 1990. Poultry Breeding and Genetics. Elsevier, Amsterdam, ISBN-13: 9780444885579, Pages: 1123

3:  Daikwo, I.S., A.A. Okpe and J.O. Ocheja, 2011. Phenotypic characterization of local chickens in Dekina. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 10: 444-447.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Egahi, J.O., N.I. Dim, O.M. Momoh and D.S. Gwaza, 2010. Variations in qualitative traits in the Nigerian local chicken. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 9: 978-979.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  El-Safty, S.A., 2012. Determination of some quantitative and qualitative traits in libyan native fowls. Egypt. Poult. Sci., 32: 247-258.
Direct Link  |  

6:  FAO., 2012. Phenotypic characterization of animal genetic resources. FAO Animal Production and Health Guidelines No. 11, Rome, Italy.

7:  Faruque, S., N.U. Siddiquee, M.A. Afroz and M.S. Islam, 2010. Phenotypic characterization of native chicken reared under intensive management system. J. Bangladesh Agric. Univ., 8: 79-82.
Direct Link  |  

8:  Fumihito, A., T. Miyake, M. Takada, R. Shingu and T. Endo et al., 1996. Monophyletic origin and unique dispersal patterns of domestic fowls. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 93: 6792-6795.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Pampori, Z.A. and S. Iqbal, 2008. Production potential and qualitative traits of indigenous chicken of Kashmir. Livest. Res. Rural Dev., 20: 1-9.
Direct Link  |  

10:  Rusfidra, Y.Y., M.H. Abbas, Y. Heryandi and F. Arlina, 2010. Conservation of Kokok balenggek chickens with genetic characterization, bioacoustics assessment and reproduction biotechnology application. Research Report on Research Competitive Grant.

11:  Rusfidra, Y.Y. Tumatra, M.H. Abbas, Y. Heryandi and F. Arlina, 2012. Identification of biacoustics marker of Kokok balenggek song fowl inside a captive breeding farm in Agutalok solok regency, Indonesia. J. Peternakan Indonesia, 14: 303-307.

12:  SAS., 2003. SAS User's Guides Version 9.1.3 for Windows. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC

13:  Smith, J.R., 1990. Genetics of Plumage, Skin and Eye Pigmentation in Chickens. In: Poultry Breeding and Genetics, Crawford, R.D. (Ed.). Elsevier, Amterdam, USA., pp: 109-167

14:  Warren, D.C., 1928. Inheritance of earlobe color in poultry. Genetics, 13: 470-487.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved