Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Association of TLR4 Gene Genotype and Resistance Against Salmonella enteritidis Natural Infection in Kampung Chicken



Niken Ulupi, Muladno , Cece Sumantri and I. Wayan Teguh Wibawan
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Eggs of kampung chicken play an important role as substance in ‘jamu preparation’ in Indonesia, mostly provided and consumed without cooking. Salmonella free eggs become significant in producing the safe ‘jamu preparation’ and such eggs might be produced by chickens which have high resistancy to this bacteria. One of excellent markers showing resistance of chicken against Salmonella is an active Toll-like Receptor 4 (TLR4) gene. TLR4 is a phagocytes cell surface receptor that plays a role to recognize lipopolysaccaride (LPS) of gram negative bacteria including Salmonella enteritidis. It is transcribed by TLR4 gene and conserved in the activation of the non-specific immune system. The aim of the research was to prove how kampung chicken resistant against natural infection of S. enteritidis, using TLR4 gene as marker. TLR4 gene was genotyped in 50 kampung chickens with PCR-RFLP. Then biological assays of resistance indicator were measured. The genotyping result on exon 2 (220 bp in size) identified 3 genotypes of TLR4 gene in kampung chicken: AA, AG and GG. Concentration of leucocytes and their differentiation were not significantly different in AG and GG genotype. The value of it from AA genotype was similar to them. There was no S. enteritidis finding in blood and eggs produced by AA, AG, GG chickens. Specific IgY to S. enteritidis was positively found in kampung chickens serum and egg yolk. Concentration of specific IgY in kampung chicken egg yolk was found very high. The study postulated that most likely kampung chicken resistant to S. enteritidis natural infection.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Niken Ulupi, Muladno , Cece Sumantri and I. Wayan Teguh Wibawan, 2013. Association of TLR4 Gene Genotype and Resistance Against Salmonella enteritidis Natural Infection in Kampung Chicken. International Journal of Poultry Science, 12: 445-450.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2013.445.450

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2013.445.450

REFERENCES

1:  Abcam, 2013. Indirect ELISA protocol. http://www.abcam.com/ps/pdf/protocols/Indirect%20ELISA%20protocol.pdf.

2:  Aditya, N., I.B.N. Swacita and T.P.G. Ketut, 2012. Deteksi bakteri Salmonella spp dan pengujian kualitas telur ayam buras [Detection of Salmonella spp bacteria and native chicken egg quality testing]. Indonesia Med. Vet., 3: 320-329.
Direct Link  |  

3:  Takeda, K. and S. Akira, 2004. TLR signaling pathways. Semin. Immunol., 16: 3-9.
CrossRef  |  

4:  Beaumont, C., J. Protais, F. Pitel, G. Leveque and D. Malo et al., 2003. Effect of two candidate genes on the Salmonella carrier state in fowl. Poult. Sci., 82: 721-726.
Direct Link  |  

5:  Bell, D.D. and W.J. Weaver, 2002. Commercial Chicken Meat and Egg Production. 5th Edn., Kluwer Academic Publishers, USA

6:  Bhunia, A.K., 2008. Foodborne Microbial Pathogens: Mechanisms and Pathogenesis. Springer, New York, USA., ISBN-13: 9780387745374, Pages: 276

7:  Calenge, F., P. Kaiser, A. Vignal and C. Beaumont, 2010. Genetic control of resistance to salmonellosis and to Salmonella carrier-state in fowl: A review. Genet. Sel. Evol., Vol. 42.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

8:  Ermertcan, A.T., F. Ozturk and K. Gunduz, 2011. Toll-like receptors and skin. J. Eur. Acad. Dermatol. Venereol., 25: 997-1006.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Gantois, I., R. Ducatelle, F. Pasmans, Haesebrouck, R. Gast, T.J. Humpre and V. Immerseel, 2009. Mechanisms of Egg Contamination. In: Federation of European Microbiological Societies, Enteritidis, S. (Ed.). Blackwell Publishing, Belgium

10:  Jain, N.C., 1993. Essentials of Veterinary Hematology. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, PA., USA., ISBN-13: 9780812114379, Pages: 417

11:  Kabelitz, D., 2007. Expression and function of Toll-like receptors in T lymphocytes. Curr. Opin. Immunol., 19: 39-45.
CrossRef  |  

12:  Li, H.F., Y. Hu, H. Hu, C. Song and J.T. Shu et al., 2013. Genetic differ in TLR4 gene polymorphisms and expression involved in Salmonella natural and artificial infection respectively in Chinese native chicken breeds. Mol. Biol. Rep., 40: 5005-5012.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Lorenz, E., J.P. Mira, K.L. Frees and D.A. Schwartz, 2002. Relevance of mutations in the TLR4 receptor in patients with gram-negative septic shock. Arch. Intern. Med., 162: 1028-1032.
PubMed  |  

14:  Nataamijaya, A.G., 2010. Pengembangan potensi ayam lokal untuk menunjang peningkatan kesejahteraan petani [The development potential of local chickens to support the promotion of the welfare of farmers]. J. Litbang Pertanian, 29: 131-138.
Direct Link  |  

15:  Nei, M., 1987. Molecular Evolutionary Geneticcs. Columbia University Press, New York, ISBN: 9780231063210, Pages: 512

16:  Sambrook, J., E.F. Fritsh and T. Maniatis, 1989. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Cold Harbor Laboratory Press, New York, USA

17:  Schade, R. and A. Hlinak, 1996. Egg yolk antibodies, state of the art and future prospects. Altex, 13: 5-9.
Direct Link  |  

18:  Swenson, M.J., 1984. Physiological Properties and Cellular and Chemical Constituents of Blood. In: Dukes Physiology of Domestic Animals, Swenson, M.J. (Ed.). 10th Edn., Cornell University Press, London

19:  Velge, P., A. Cloeckaert and P. Barrow, 2005. Emergence of Salmonella epidemics: The problems related to Salmonella enterica serotyp Enteritidis and multiple antibiotic resistance in other major serotypes. Vet. Res., 36: 267-288.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

20:  Gou, Z., R. Liu, G. Zhao, M. Zheng and P. Li et al., 2012. Epigenetic modification of TLRs in leukocytes is associated with increased susceptibility to Salmonella enteritidis in chickens. PLoS ONE, Vol. 7.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved