Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

The Effect of Different Levels of Canola Oil on Performance, Egg Shell Quality and Fatty Acid Composition of Laying Hens



Mehmet GUL, M. Akif YORUK, Taylan AKSU, Adem KAYA and Ozgur KAYNAR
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The effects of different levels of canola oil (0.0, 2.0, 4.0 and 6.0%) on the performance, egg shell quality and fatty acid composition of laying hens were investigated in the present study. A total of 96 chickens consisting of 24 chickens in each group were used in the four groups. Feed and water were offered as ad libitum. Egg production was recorded daily, while feed intake was recorded weekly. Egg quality criteria were determined in 12 eggs from each group. The egg yolk fatty acid profile was determined with gas chromatography. The use of increasing levels of canola oil decreased egg production, egg weight and daily feed intake (in group including 6.0% canola oil, 70.98%, 61.68g, 109.52g respectively), although these mentioned parameters increased in the control group according to the other canola oil groups and conversely did not affect the feed conversion. In addition, supplementation of canola oil increased the yellow colour of the eggs and the egg-yellow index. On days 21 TBARS (Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substance) value significantly increased depending on increasing levels of canola oil (13.60, 14.78, 16.68, respectively), while on days 42 TBARS value did not change. The egg yolk lipid profile was not significantly difference in the canola oil groups, conversely decreased a very small amount of in the control group. The blood serum lipid profile decreased in the canola oil groups according to the control group. In the same time, monoaçildigliserol also decreased in the canola additive groups. In parallel with increasing levels of canola oil (42.94, 42.14 and 43.51%, respectively), monounsaturated fatty acid (oleic acid) in the egg yolks significantly increased compared to the control group (36.05%). On the basis of the results, we concluded that canola oil supplementation into the diet of laying hens is important in producing monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA)-rich functional eggs.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Mehmet GUL, M. Akif YORUK, Taylan AKSU, Adem KAYA and Ozgur KAYNAR, 2012. The Effect of Different Levels of Canola Oil on Performance, Egg Shell Quality and Fatty Acid Composition of Laying Hens. International Journal of Poultry Science, 11: 769-776.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2012.769.776

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2012.769.776

REFERENCES
1:  Agah, M.J., H. Nassiri-Moghaddam, A.M. Tahmasbi and H. Lotfollahian, 2010. Performance and fatty acid compositions of yolk lipid from laying hens fed with locally produced canola seed (Brassica napus L.). Res. J. Biol. Sci., 5: 228-232.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Aksu, M.I. and M. Kaya, 2002. Effect of commercial starter cultures on the fatty acid composition of pastirma (Turkish dry meat product). J. Food Sci., 67: 2342-2345.
Direct Link  |  

3:  An, S.Y., M.Y. Guo, S.D. Ma, M.J. Yuan and G.Z. Liu, 2010. Effect of different oil sources and vitamin E in breeder diet on egg quality, hatchability and development of the neonatal offspring. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 23: 234-239.
Direct Link  |  

4:  Antongiovanni, M., S. Minieri, A. Buccioni, I. Galligani and S. Rapaccini, 2009. Transfer of dietary fatty acids from butyric acid fortified canola oil into the meat of broilers. Ital J. Anim. Sci., 8: 754-756.
Direct Link  |  

5:  AOAC, 2000. Official Methods of Analytical Chemist. 16th Edn., Arlington, VA.

6:  Aydin, R. and I. Dogan, 2010. Fatty acid profile and cholesterol content of egg yolk from chickens fed diets supplemented with purslane (Portulaca oleracea L.). J. Food Sci. Agric., 90: 1759-1763.
CrossRef  |  

7:  Balevi, T. and B. Coskun, 2000. Effects of some dietary oils on performance and fatty acid composition of eggs in layers. Revue Med. Vet., 151: 847-854.
Direct Link  |  

8:  Barroeta, A.C., 2007. Nutritive value of poultry meat: Relationship between vitamin E and PUFA. World's Poult. Sci., 63: 277-284.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Botsoglou, N., P. Florou-Paneri, E. Botsoglou, V. Dotas, I. Giannenas, A. Koidis and P. Mitrakos, 2005. The effect of feeding rosemary, oregano, saffron and α-tocopheryl acetate on hen performance and oxidative stability of eggs. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 35: 143-151.
Direct Link  |  

10:  Card, L.E. and M.C. Nesheim, 1972. Poultry Production. 11th Edn., Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia.

11:  Ceylan, N., I. Ciftci, C. Mizrak, Z. Kahraman and H. Efil, 2011. Influence of different dietary oil source on performance and fatty acids profile of egg yolk in laying hens. J. Anim. Feed Sci., 20: 71-83.

12:  Celebi, S. and N. Utlu, 2006. Influence of animal and vegetable oil in layer diets on performance and serum lipid profile. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 5: 370-373.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Cherian, G., M.G. Traber, M.P. Goeger and S.W. Leonard, 2007. Conjugated linoleic acid and fish oil in laying hen diets: Effects on egg fatty acids, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and tocopherols during storage. Poult. Sci., 86: 953-958.
Direct Link  |  

14:  Cherian, G., 2008. Egg quality and yolk polyunsaturated fatty acid status in relation to broiler breeder hen age and dietary n-3 oils. Poult. Sci., 87: 1131-1137.
CrossRef  |  

15:  Cherian, G., A. Campbell and T. Parker, 2009. Egg quality and lipid composition of eggs from hens fed Camelina Sativa. J. Applied Poult. Res., 18: 143-150.
CrossRef  |  

16:  Dernekbasi, S. and I. Karayucel, 2010. Balik yemlerinde kanola yaginin kullanimi. J. Fisheries Sci. Com., 4: 469-479.
Direct Link  |  

17:  Ergun, A., S. Yalcin, I. Colpan, T. Dikiciodlu and S. Yildiz, 1987. Utilization of vetch by laying hens. J. Fac. Vet. Med. U. Ankara, 34: 449-466.

18:  Ahmadzade, A., A. Noshadi, H.A. Shahriar, P. Fouladi and R.S.D. Nobar, 2008. Effect of canola oil on the internal organs and carcass weight of broilers chickens. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 7: 1160-1163.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Ahmadzade, A., P. Fouladi and R.S.D. Nobar, 2008. Effect of choline chloride supplement and canola oil on the performance and feed efficiency in the broiler chickens. Res. J. Poult. Sci., 2: 58-62.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Grobas, S., J. Mendez, R. Lazaro, C. de Blas and G.G. Mateo, 2001. Influence of source and percentage of fat added to diet on performance and fatty acid composition of egg yolks of two strains of laying hens. Poult. Sci., 80: 1171-1179.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

21:  Guclu, B.K., F. Uuank and K.M. Iscan, 2008. Effects of dietary oil sources on egg quality, fatty acid composition of eggs and blood lipids in laying quail. South Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 38: 91-100.
Direct Link  |  

22:  Hara, A. and N.S. Radin, 1978. Lipid extraction of tissues with low toxicity solvent. Anal. Biochem., 90: 420-426.
Direct Link  |  

23:  IUPAC, 1976. Standard Methods for the Analysis of Oils, Fats and Derivatives. 5th Edn., Pergamon Press, Oxford, pp: 96-102.

24:  Raes, K., G. Huyghebaert, S. de Smet, L. Nollet, S. Arnouts and D. Demeyer, 2002. The deposition of conjugated linoleic acids in eggs of laying hens fed diets varying in fat level and fatty acid profile. J. Nutr., 132: 182-189.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

25:  Kilic, B. and M.P. Richards, 2003. Lipid oxidation in poultry doner kebab: Pro-oxidative and anti-oxidative factors. J. Food Sci., 68: 683-689.
CrossRef  |  

26:  Kucukersan, K., D. Yesilbag and S. Kucukersan, 2010. Influence of different dietary oil sources on performance and cholesterol content of egg yolk in laying hens. J. Biol. Environ. Sci., 4: 117-122.
Direct Link  |  

27:  Lelis, G.R., M.D. Silva, F.C. Tevernari, L.F.T. Albino and H.S. Rostagno, 2009. Performance of layers fed diets containing different diets. Braz. J. Poult. Sci., 11: 235-240.
Direct Link  |  

28:  Mazalli, M.R., D.E. Faria, D. Salvador and D.T. Ito, 2004. A comparison of the feeding value of different sources of fats for laying hens: 1. Performance characteristics. J. Applied Poult. Res., 13: 274-279.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

29:  Mazalli, M.R., D.E. Faria, D. Salvador and D.T. Ito, 2004. A comparison of the feeding value of different sources of fat for laying hens: 2. lipid, cholesterol and vitamin E profiles of egg yolk. J. Applied Poul. Res., 13: 280-290.
Direct Link  |  

30:  Milinsk, M.C., A.E. Murakami, S.T.M. Gomes, M. Matsushita and N.E. de Souza, 2003. Fatty acid profile of egg yolk lipids from hens fed chicks rich in n-3 fatty acids. Food Chem., 83: 287-292.
CrossRef  |  

31:  NRC., 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Rev. Edn., National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA., ISBN-13: 978-0309048927, Pages: 176.

32:  Nobakht, A., A. Safamehr, S. Sozany, I. Galandari, E. Taghavi and A. Ghaboli, 2011. Comparison of effects of using different levels of animal and vegetable fats and their blends on performance of laying hens. Braz. J. Poult. Sci. Res., 1: 1433-1437.
Direct Link  |  

33:  Ozdogan, M. and M. Sari, 2001. Kanatli rasyonlarina yag katkisi. Hayvansal Uretim, 42: 28-34.
Direct Link  |  

34:  Pita, M.C.G., P.R. Carvalho, E.P. Neto and C.X.D.M. Junior, 2010. Effect of marine and vegetal sources on the hen diets on the PUFAs and PUFAs n-3 in laying hens egg yolk and plasm. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 9: 148-151.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

35:  Rasaulpour, A., A. Nobakht, S. Khodayi and N.H. Mansoud, 2011. Effects of graded fat/oil on egg production and quality, same biochemical parameters of blood and immunity in laying hens. Adv. Environ. Biol., 5: 1826-1831.
Direct Link  |  

36:  Rowghani, E., M. Arab, S. Nazifi and Z. Bakhtiari, 2007. Effect of canola oil on cholesterol and fatty acid composition of egg-yolk of laying hens. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 6: 111-114.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

37:  Ayazi, A., A. Hamidiyan, A. Gorbani, A. Fani, K. Nazeradl and R. Salamatdoustnobar, 2009. Beneficial effects of canola oil on serum biochemical parameters of Iranian native Turkeys. J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 8: 2206-2209.
Direct Link  |  

38:  Shafey, T.M., J.G. Dingle, M.W. McDonald and K. Kostner, 2003. Effect of type of grain and oil supplement on the performance, blood lipoproteins, egg cholesterol and fatty acids of laying hens. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 2: 200-206.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

39:  Shahriar, H.A., M. Shivazad, M. Chamani, K.A.D.L. Nazer and A.Y. Nejad, 2002. Effect of dietary fat type and different levels of vitamin E on performance and some of eggs characters of broiler breeder. Proceedings of the 16th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition, August 2002, Verona, Italy -.

40:  Ahmad, S., Ahsan-ul-Haq, M. Yousaf and H. Nawaz, 2010. Effect of feeding canola oil and vitamin a on the fatty acid profile of egg yolks in laying hens. Pak. J. Nutr., 9: 191-194.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

41:  Skrtic, Z., G. Kralik, Z. Gajcevic, D. Hanzek and I. Bogut, 2008. Effect of different source of oils on fatty acid profile and organoleptic traits of eggs. Acta Agric. Slovenica Suppl., 2: 129-134.
Direct Link  |  

42:  SPSS., 1999. SPSS for Windows Release 10.0 Version. SPSS Inc., USA.

43:  Van Elswyk, M.E., 1997. Comparison of n-3 fatty acid sources in laying hen rations for improvement of whole egg nutritional quality: A review. Br. J. Nutr., 78: S61-S69.
Direct Link  |  

44:  He, X., X. Yang and Y. Guo, 2007. Effects of different dietary oil sources on immune function in cyclophosphamide immunosuppressed chickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech., 139: 186-200.
CrossRef  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved