Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Effect of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) and Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) Mixtures on Performance Characteristics and Cholesterol Profile of Growing Pullets



O. Bamidele and I.O. Adejumo
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Animal products, especially poultry products are relatively affordable and accessible sources of protein in human diets. However, the risk of cholesterol accumulation in the blood stream as well as its associated diseases has placed a constraint on the consumption of poultry products. Cholesterol aids metabolic and biochemical functions of the body but is potentially unhealthy at increased levels. Dietary therapy has been recommended as a major remedy for cardiovascular diseases as well as other cholesterol-related diseases. Hence, the study assessed the combined effect of garlic and ginger mixtures on the cholesterol profile of growing pullets. The results of the study revealed that garlic and ginger mixtures at the supplemented levels significantly (p<0.01) reduced the total cholesterol and Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol of the growing pullets. The mixtures however had no significant (p>0.05) effect on growth performance and is also considered non toxic as shown by the White Blood Cell (WBC) count. The experimental diets containing 1.00% garlic and 0.50% ginger mixtures and 2.00% and 0.75% ginger mixtures had the best results for total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol of the growing pullets.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

O. Bamidele and I.O. Adejumo, 2012. Effect of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) and Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) Mixtures on Performance Characteristics and Cholesterol Profile of Growing Pullets. International Journal of Poultry Science, 11: 217-220.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2012.217.220

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2012.217.220

REFERENCES

1:  Ademola, S.G., G.O. Farinu and G.M. Babatunde, 2009. Serum lipid, growth and haematological parameters of broilers fed garlic, ginger and their mixtures. World J. Agric. Sci., 5: 99-104.
Direct Link  |  

2:  Al-Homidan, A.A., 2005. Efficacy of using different sources and levels of Allium sativum and Zingiber officinale on broiler chicks performance. Saudi J. Biol. Sci., 12: 96-102.
Direct Link  |  

3:  El-Deek, A.A., Y.A. Attia and M.M. Hannfy, 2002. Effect of anise (Pimpinella anisum), ginger (Zingiber officinale roscoe) and fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) and their mixture on performance of broilers. Arch. Geflugelkd, 67: 92-96.
Direct Link  |  

4:  Farinu, G.O., S.G. Ademola, A.O. Ajayi Obe and G.M. Babatunde, 2004. Growth, haematological and biochemical studies on garlic and ginger fed broiler chickens. Moor. J. Agric. Res., 5: 122-128.

5:  Friedewald, W.T., R.I. Levy and D.S. Fredrickson, 1972. Estimation of the concentration of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in plasma, without use of the preparative ultracentrifuge. Clin. Chem., 18: 499-502.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  Herawati and Marjuki, 2011. The effect of feeding red ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc) as phytobiotic on broiler slaughter weight and meat quality. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 10: 983-986.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Keith, R., 2001. Could environment play a role in Alzheimer's diseases. Newsline. Alabama Cooperative Extension System Nutritionist, 334-844-3273.

8:  Mitruka, B.M. and H.M. Rawnsley, 1977. Clinical Biochemical and Haematological Reference Values in Normal Experimental Animals. Masson Publishing, USA., ISBN: 9780893520069, pp: 46-47, 88-142

9:  Onifade, A.A., 1993. Comparative utilization of three fibre sources by broiler starter chicks. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

10:  Oyekunle, M.A. and M.O. Owonikoko, 2002. Antimicrobial drug usage for poultry production within a local government area in Ogun state. Nig. J. Anim. Prod., 29: 113-120.

11:  Prasad, R., M.K. Rose, M. Virmani, S.L. Garg and J.P. Puri, 2009. Lipid profile of chicken (Gallus domesticus) in response to dietary supplementation of garlic (Allium sativum). Int. J. Poult. Sci., 8: 270-276.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1980. Principle and Procedure of Statistics. A Biochemical Approach. 2nd Edn., McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York

13:  Yeh, Y.Y. and L. Liu, 2001. Cholesterol lowering effect of garlic extracts and organosulfur compounds: Human and animal studies. J. Nutr., 131: 989S-993S.
Direct Link  |  

14:  Aletor, V.A., I.I. Hamid, E. Nieb and E. Pfeffer, 2000. Low-protein amino acid-supplemented diets in broilers chickens: Effects on performance, carcass characteristics, whole-body composition and efficiencies of nutrient utilization. J. Sci. Food Agric., 80: 547-554.
Direct Link  |  

15:  Kalavathy, R., N. Abdullah, S. Jalaludin and Y.W. Ho, 2003. Effects of Lactobacillus cultures on growth performance, abdominal fat deposition, serum lipids and weight of organs of broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci., 44: 139-144.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved