Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Effects of Dietary Inclusion Level of Distillers’ Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS) from Wheat and Corn on Amino Acid Digestibilities in Broilers



Sherief M. Abdel-Raheem, R. Leitgeb and C. Iben
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of different levels of Distillers' Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS) from wheat and corn on prececal Amino Acids (AA) digestibilities, growth performance and some slaughter characteristics of broilers. A total number of 240 one day-chicks (Ross 308) were randomly allotted to 3 treatments (80 birds/group), with four replicate pens per treatment and 20 birds per pen. Chicks were fed the experimental diets with DDGS at levels of 0, 6 and 12%. All chicks had free access to feed and water ad libitum during the 5-wk experiment. Average daily gain, feed intake and feed conversion efficiency were determined weekly for 35 days. The results indicated that, body weight decreased in broilers fed 12 % DDGS than the control group at the end of the experiment. No significant differences with respect to feed intake and feed conversion at the first (1-22 d) and second (22-35 d) growing periods. A significant reduction in the warm and cold carcass weight and the warm and cold dressing % at 12 % inclusion level of DDGS. Tryptophan digestibility was lower (p<0.05) with the addition of 12% levels of DDGS at d 21. At day 35 there is a significant decrease in the digestibility of total amino acids, some individual AA like threonine (9.1%) and arginine (6.38%) at 12% inclusion of DDGS in comparison with the control group. The results suggest that 12 % level of DDGS from wheat and corn reduce growth performance, carcass traits, some AA and DM digestibilities in broilers under present experimental conditions.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Sherief M. Abdel-Raheem, R. Leitgeb and C. Iben, 2011. Effects of Dietary Inclusion Level of Distillers’ Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS) from Wheat and Corn on Amino Acid Digestibilities in Broilers. International Journal of Poultry Science, 10: 952-958.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2011.952.958

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2011.952.958

REFERENCES

1:  Altmann, F., 1992. Determination of aminosugars and aminoacids in glycoconjugates using precolumnderivatization with o-phthalaldehyde. Anal. Biochem., 204: 215-219.
CrossRef  |  

2:  Cromwell, G.L., K.L. Herkelman and T.S. Stahly, 1993. Physical, chemical and nutritional characteristics of distillers dried grains with solubles for chicks and pigs. J. Anim. Sci., 71: 679-686.
Direct Link  |  

3:  Fastinger, N.D., J.D. Latshaw and D.C. Mahan, 2006. Amino acid availability and true metabolizable energy content of corn distillers dried grains with solubles in adult cecectomized roosters. Poult. Sci., 85: 1212-1216.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Finot, P.A. and E. Magnenat, 1981. Metabolic transit of early and advanced maillard products. Prog. Food Nutr. Sci., 5: 193-207.
PubMed  |  

5:  Friedman, M., 1982. Chemically reactive and unreactive lysine as an index of browning. Diabetes, 31: 5-14.

6:  Huang, K.H., V. Ravindran, X. Li and W.L. Bryden, 2005. Influence of age on the apparent ileal amino acid digestibility of feed ingredients for broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci., 46: 236-245.
PubMed  |  

7:  Hurrell, R.F. and K.J. Carpenter, 1981. The estimation of available lysine foodstuffs after maillard reactions. Prog. Food Nutr. Sci., 5: 159-176.
PubMed  |  

8:  Kim, E.J., C.M. Amezcua, P.L. Utterback and C.M. Parsons, 2008. Phosphorus bioavailability, true metabolizable energy and amino acid digestibilities of high protein corn distillers dried grains and dehydrated corn germ. Poult. Sci., 87: 700-705.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Kluth, H., K. Mehlhorn and M. Rodehutscord, 2005. Studies on the intestine section to be sampled in broiler studies on prececal amino acid digestibility. Arch. Anim. Nutr., 59: 271-279.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  Liu, N., Y.J. Ru, D.F. Tang, T.S. Xu and G.G. Partridge, 2011. Effects of corn distillers dried grains with solubles and xylanase on growth performance and digestibility of diet components in broilers. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 163: 260-266.
Direct Link  |  

11:  Loar, R.E., J.S. Moritz, J.R. Donaldson and A. Corzo, 2010. Effects of feeding distillers dried grains with solubles to broilers from 0 to 28 days posthatch on broiler performance, feed manufacturing efficiency and selected intestinal characteristics. Poult. Sci., 89: 2242-2250.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Lumpkins, B.S., A.B. Batal and N.M. Dale, 2004. Evaluation of distillers dried grains with solubles as a feed ingredient for broilers. Poult. Sci., 83: 1891-1896.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Maillard, L.C., 1912. Action des acides amines sur les sucres: Formation des melanoidines per voie methodologique. C.R. Acad. Sci., 154: 66-68.

14:  Amezcua, C.M. and C.M. Parsons, 2007. Effect of increased heat processing and particle size on phosphorus bioavailability in corn distillers dried grains with solubles. Poult. Sci., 86: 331-337.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Maynard, L.A. and J.K. Loosli, 1956. Animal Nutrition. 4th Edn., McGraw Hill Book Co., New York, Pages: 269

16:  Min, Y.N., A. Hancock, F. Yan, C. Lu and C. Coto et al., 2009. Use of combinations of canola meal and distillers dried grains with solubles in broiler starter diets. J. Applied Poult. Res., 18: 725-733.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Noll, S., V. Stangeland, G. Speers and J. Brannon, 2001. Distillers grains in poultry diets. Proceedings of 62nd Minnesota Nutrition Conference and Minnesota Corn Growers Association Technical Symposium, September 11-12, 2001, Bloomington, pp: 53-61

18:  Pahm, A.A., C. Pedersen, D. Hoehler and H.H. Stein, 2008. Factors affecting the variability in ileal amino acid digestibility in corn distillers dried grains with solubles fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci., 86: 2180-2189.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

19:  Ravindran, V. and W.L., Bryden, 1999. Amino acid availability in poultry In vitro and In vivo measurements. Aust. J. Agric. Res., 50: 889-908.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Rezvani, M., H. Kluth, C. Elwert and M. Rodehutscord, 2008. Effect of ileum segment and protein source on net disappearance of amino acids from the ileum of laying hens. Br. Poult. Sci., 49: 28-36.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  

21:  Swiatkiewicz, S. and J. Koreleski, 2007. Effect of dietary level of maize-and rye distiller dried grains with solubles on nutrient utilization and digesta viscosity in laying hens. J. Anim. Feed Sci., 16: 668-677.

22:  Ten Doeschate, R.A.H., C.W. Scheele, V.V.A.M. Schreurs and J.D. van der Klis, 1993. Digestibility studies in broiler chickens: Influence of genotype, age, sex and method of determination. Br. Poult. Sci., 34: 131-146.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

23:  Waldroup, P.W., J.A. Owen, B.E. Ramsey and D.L. Whelche, l981. The use of high levels of distillers dried grains with solubles in broiler diets. Poult. Sci., 60: 1479-1484.

24:  Wang, Z., S. Cerrate, C. Coto, F. Yan and P.W. Waldroup, 2007. Use of constant or increasing levels of Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS) in broiler diets. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 6: 501-507.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

25:  Youssef, I.M.I., C. Westfahl, A. Sunder, F. Liebert and J. Kamphues, 2008. Evaluation of Dried Distiller's Grains with Solubles (DDGS) as a protein source for broilers. Arch. Anim. Nutr., 62: 404-414.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved