Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Supplementation of Feed Grade Sodium Bisulfate in Broiler Diets Improves Feed Efficiency



C.A. Ruiz- Feria, E. Larrison, M. Davis, M. Farnell, J. Carey, J.L. Grimes and J. Pitts
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The effects of Sodium Bisulfate (SB) supplementation on growth, intestinal integrity, blood gas chemistry and litter microbiology of broiler chickens were evaluated. Birds were fed a corn-soybean meal diet meeting all of the NRC (1994) requirements. In Exp. 1 birds were fed diets supplemented with 0 (control diet, CTL), 0.25, 0.5, or 0.75% (w/w) of feed-grade SB (SB25, SB50 and SB75, respectively); in Exp. 2 and 3 only the CTL, SB25 and SB75 diets were evaluated. In Exp. 4 the chicks (n = 920) were placed in 20 pens and fed the CTL diet, or the SB25 diet offered during the first 21, 35, or 49 d (21D, 35D and 49D, respectively); the CTL diet was offered until the end of experiment (d 49) for treatments 21D and 35D. The data was analyzed as a two way ANOVA (diet and gender as main effects). In Exp. 1 birds fed diets with SB had lower FC than birds fed the CTL diet, but BW was not different among treatments. In Exp. 2 females fed the SB25 diet were heavier (p<0.05) at d 21 than females fed the CTL or the SB75 diet; the FC was similar among groups. In Exp. 3 chickens fed the SB25 or SB75 diets were consistently heavier and had a lower FC (p<0.05) than birds fed the CTL diet. In Exp. 4 birds fed the SB25 diet had lower BW than birds fed the CTL diet; however birds in the 35D or 49D treatments had a better FC than birds fed the CTL diet. The litter of birds fed the SB25 diet had lower levels of Salmonella at wk 4 and 6 in Experiment 3 and at wk 4 in Exp. 4. Neither the duodenum villus height nor the blood gas composition was affected by the dietary treatments. Our results show that SB supplementation improves productive performance and reduces the environmental levels of Salmonella, with variable efficacy, perhaps due to seasonal conditions.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

C.A. Ruiz- Feria, E. Larrison, M. Davis, M. Farnell, J. Carey, J.L. Grimes and J. Pitts, 2011. Supplementation of Feed Grade Sodium Bisulfate in Broiler Diets Improves Feed Efficiency. International Journal of Poultry Science, 10: 670-676.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2011.670.676

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2011.670.676

REFERENCES
1:  Adil, S., T. Banday, G.A. Bhat, M.S. Mir and M. Rehman, 2010. Effect of dietary supplementation of organic acids on performance, intestinal histomorphology and serum biochemistry of broiler chicken. Vet. Med. Int. 10.4061/2010/479485

2:  Ahmad, T., T. Khalid, T. Mushtaq, M.A. Mirza, A. Nadeem, M.E. Babar and G. Ahmad, 2008. Effect of potassium chloride supplementation in drinking water on broiler performance under heat stress conditions. Poult. Sci., 87: 1276-1280.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

3:  Arad, Z. and J. Marder, 1983. Acid-base regulation during thermal panting in the fowl (Gallus domesticus): Comparison between breeds. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A: Comp. Physiol., 74: 125-130.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Baurhoo, B., L. Phillip and C.A. Ruiz-Feria, 2007. Effects of purified lignin and mannan oligosaccharides on intestinal integrity and microbial populations in the ceca and litter of broiler chickens. Poult. Sci., 86: 1070-1078.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Borges, S.A., A.V.F. da Silva, A. Majork, D.M. Hooge and K.R. Cummings, 2004. Physiological responses of broiler chickens to heat stress and dietary electrolyte balance (Sodium plus potassium minus chloride, milliequivalents per kilogram). Poult. Sci., 83: 1551-1558.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  Borges, S.A., A.V.F. da Silva, J. Ariki, D.M. Hooge and K.R. Cummings, 2003. Dietary electrolyte balance for broiler chickens exposed to thermoneutral or heat-stress environments. Poult. Sci., 82: 428-435.
Direct Link  |  

7:  Cherrington, C.A., M. Hinton and I. Chopra, 1990. Effect of short-chain organic acids on macromolecular synthesis in Escherichia coli. J. Applied Microbiol., 68: 69-74.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

8:  Corrier, D.E., D.J. Nisbet, A.G. Hollister, C.M. Scanlan, B.M. Hargis and J.R. Deloach, 1993. Development of defined cultures of indigenous cecal bacteria to control salmonellosis in broiler chicks. Poult. Sci., 72: 1164-1168.
PubMed  |  

9:  Fernandez-Rubio, C., C. Ordonez, J. Abad-Gonzalez, A. Garcia-Gallego, M.P. Honrubia, J.J. Mallo and R. Balana-Fouce, 2009. Butyric acid-based feed additives help protect broiler chickens from Salmonella Enteritidis infection. Poult. Sci., 88: 943-948.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  Heres, L., B. Engel, H.A. Urlings, J.A. Wagenaar and F. van Knapen, 2004. Effect of acidified feed on susceptibility of broiler chickens to intestinal infection by Campylobacter and Salmonella. Vet. Microbiol., 99: 259-267.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Hernandez, F., V. Garcia, J. Madrid, J. Orengo, P. Catala and M.D. Megias, 2006. Effect of formic acid on performance, digestibility, intestinal histomorphology and plasma metabolite levels of broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci., 47: 50-56.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Line, J.E., 2002. Campylobacter and Salmonella populations associated with chickens raised on acidified litter. Poult. Sci., 81: 1473-1477.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Monreal, G. and G. Paul, 1989. Infectious disease factors in poultry. Berl. Munch. Tierarztl. Wochenschr., 102: 405-409.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  NRC., 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Edn., National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA., ISBN-13: 9780309048927, Pages: 155.

15:  Phillips, I., M. Casewell, T. Cox, B. de Groot and C. Friis et al., 2004. Does the use of antibiotics in food animals pose a risk to human health: A critical review of published data. J. Antimicrob. Chemother., 53: 28-52.
CrossRef  |  

16:  Ricke, S.C., 2003. Perspectives on the use of organic acids and short chain fatty acids as antimicrobials. Poult. Sci., 82: 632-639.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Senkoylu, N., H.E. Samli, M. Kanter and A. Agma, 2007. Influence of a combination of formic and propionic acids added to wheat- and barley-based diets on the performance and gut histomorphology of broiler chickens. Acta Vet. Hung., 55: 479-490.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

18:  Van Immerseel, F., F. Boyen, I. Gantois, L. Timbermont and L. Bohez et al., 2005. Supplementation of coated butyric acid in the feed reduces colonization and shedding of Salmonella in poultry. Poult. Sci., 84: 1851-1856.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

19:  Van der Zijpp, A.J., 1983. Breeding for immune responsiveness and disease resistance. World's Poult. Sci. J., 39: 118-131.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

20:  Wales, A.D., V.M. Allen and R.H. Davies, 2010. Chemical treatment of animal feed and water for the control of Salmonella. Foodborne Pathog. Dis., 7: 3-15.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

21:  Whittow, G.C., P.D. Sturkie and G. Stein Jr., 1966. Cardiovascular differences between cold-acclimatized and heat-acclimatized chickens. Res. Vet. Sci., 7: 296-301.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved