Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Feed Efficiency and Blood Hematology of Broiler Chicks Given a Diet Supplemented with Yeast Culture



S. Al- Mansour, A. Al- Khalf, I. Al- Homidan and M.M. Fathi
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplemental yeast culture (Diamond V XP Yeast Culture; YC) in broiler diets on growth performance and hematological parameters. One-day-old Ross 308 broiler chicks (n = 240) were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 dietary treatments based on corn and soybean meal containing 0, 1, 1.25 (recommended level) and 1.5 g/kg of YC in the diet over 42 days. Each treatment group had 60 birds divided into 4 replicates. All birds were kept under the same managerial, environmental and hygienic conditions except for different dietary levels of yeast. Feed consumption, weight gain and feed conversion were measured on 3 week-interval basis. At 42 days of age three birds were chosen randomly from each replicate for determination of hematological parameters. The results of this study indicate that dietary supplemental YC at 1.25 g/kg (recommended level of the manufactory) improved growth performance. However, this improvement was not statistically differed. The chicks fed supplemented diets with YC in the rate of 1.5 g/kg had significantly (p<0.05) lower White Blood Cell (WBC) counts compared to control one. However, no significant differences were found among treatment groups for HGB, RBC, HCT, MCV and MCH. Generally, broiler chicks fed with yeast shows highly significant decrease (p<0.0005) in thrombocyte count compared to the control group. In conclusion, the addition of yeast culture in broilers' diet improved body weight gain and feed efficiency and decreased H:L ratio, especially in recommended level (1.25 g YC/kg diet).

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

S. Al- Mansour, A. Al- Khalf, I. Al- Homidan and M.M. Fathi, 2011. Feed Efficiency and Blood Hematology of Broiler Chicks Given a Diet Supplemented with Yeast Culture. International Journal of Poultry Science, 10: 603-607.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2011.603.607

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2011.603.607

REFERENCES

1:  Apajalahti, J., A. Kettunen and H. Graham, 2004. Characteristics of the gastrointestinal microbial communities, with special reference to the chicken. World's Poult. Sci. J., 60: 223-232.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Bhatt, R.S., B.S. katoch, K.K. Dogra, R. Gupta, K.S. Sharma and C.R. Shama, 1995. Effect of dietary supplementation of difference strain of Saccharomyces cervisiae on the biological performance of broilers. In. J. Anim. Nutr., 12: 60-64.

3:  Bonomi, A. and G. Vassia, 1978. Observations and remarks on the use of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Kluyveromyces fragilis, in the form of living yeast, on the production and quanti qualitative characteristics of broilers. Arch. Vet. Ital., 29: 3-15.

4:  Bradley, G.L., T.F. Savage and K.I. Timm, 1994. The effects of supplementing diets with Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii on male poult performance and ileal morphology. Poult. Sci., 73: 1766-1770.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Castagliulo, I., T. Lacant, S.T. Nikulassanand and Pothoulakis, 1996. Saccharomyces boulardii protease inhibits Clostridium difficile toxin A effects in the rat lleum. Infect. Immun., 64: 5225-5232.

6:  Chowdhury, S.R., T.K. Smith, H.J. Boermans and B. Woodward, 2005. Effects of feed-borne Fusarium mycotoxins on hematology and immunology of laying hens. Poult. Sci., 84: 1841-1850.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Engberg, R.M., M.S. Hedemann, T.D. Leser and B.B. Jensen, 2000. Effect of zinc bacitracin and salinomycin on intestinal microflora and performance of broilers. Poult. Sci., 79: 1311-1319.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

8:  Ghasemi, H.A., A.M. Tahmasbi, G. Moghaddam, M. Mehri, S. Alijani, E. Kashefi and A. Fasihi, 2006. The effect of phytase and Saccharomyces cervisiae (Sc47) supplementation on performance, serum parameters, phosphorous and calcium retention of broiler chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 5: 162-168.
Direct Link  |  

9:  Hampson, D.J., 1986. Alterations in piglet small intestinal structure at weaning. Res. Vet. Sci., 40: 32-40.
PubMed  |  

10:  Hooge, D.M., 2004. Meta-analysis of broiler chicken pen trials evaluating dietary mannan oligosaccharide, 1993-2003. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 3: 163-174.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Hooge, D.M., 2004. Turkey pen trials with dietary mannan oligosaccharide: Meta-analysis, 1993-2003. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 3: 179-188.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Hooge, D.M., M.D. Sims, A.E. Sefton, A. Connolly and P. Spring, 2003. Effect of dietary mannan oligosaccharide, with or without bacitracin or virginiamycin, on live performance of broiler chickens at relatively high stocking density on new litter. J. Applied Poult. Res., 12: 461-467.
Direct Link  |  

13:  Huff, G.R., W.E. Huff, M.B. Farnell, N.C. Rath, F.S. de los Santos and A.M. Donoghue, 2010. Bacterial clearance, heterophil function and hematological parameters of transport-stressed Turkey poults supplemented with dietary yeast extract. Poult. Sci., 89: 447-456.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Huff, G.R., W.E. Huff, N.C. Rath and G. Tellez, 2006. Limited treatment with B-1, 3/16-glucan improves production values of broiler chickens challenged with Escherichia coli. Poult. Sci., 85: 613-618.

15:  Huff, G.R., W.E. Huff, N.C. Rath, F. Solis de los Santos, M.B. Farnell and A.M. Donoghue, 2007. Influence of hen age on the response of turkey poults to cold stress, Escherichia coli challenge and treatment with a yeast extract antibiotic alternative. Poult. Sci., 86: 636-642.
Direct Link  |  

16:  Ignacio, E.D., 1995. Evaluation of the effect of yeast culture on the growth performance of broiler chick. Poult. Sci., 74: 196-196.

17:  Kanat, R. and S. Calialar, 1996. A research on the comparison effect on broiler chickens performance of active dried yeast and inactivated and stabilized probiotic yeast supplemented to the rations in different levels. Poult. Sci., 75: 123-123.

18:  Celyk, K.., M. Denly and T. Savas, 2003. Reduction of toxic effects of aflatoxin B1 by using baker yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and chlortetracycline in Growing Broiler Chicks. R. Bras. Zootec. Br. J. Anim. Sci., 32: 615-619.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Celik, K., M. Denli and O. Ozturkcan, 2001. The effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and flavomycin on broiler growth performance. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 4: 1415-1417.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

20:  Kumprechtova, D., P. Zobac and I. Kumprecht, 2000. The effect of saccharomyces cerevisiae on chicken broiler performance and nitrogen output. Czech. J. Anim. Sci., 45: 169-177.

21:  Madrigal, S.A., S.E. Watkins, J.T. Skinner, M.H. Adams, A.L. Waldroup and P.W. Waldroup, 1993. Effect of an active yeast culture on performance of broilers. Poult. Sci., 72: 87-87.

22:  Amezcua, C.M., C.M. Parsons and S.L. Noll, 2004. Content and relative bioavailability of phosphorus in distillers dried grains with solubles in chicks. Poult. Sci., 83: 1891-1896.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

23:  Morales-Lopez, R., E. Auclair, F. Garcia, E. Esteve-Garcia and J. Brufau, 2009. Use of yeast cell walls; β-1, 3/1, 6-glucans and mannoproteins in broiler chicken diets. Poult. Sci., 88: 601-607.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

24:  Onifade, A.A., A.A. Odunsi, G.M. Babatunde, B.R. Olorede and E. Muma, 1999. Comparison of the supplemental effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and antibiotics in low-protein and high-fibre diets fed to broiler chickens. Archiv Tierernaehrung, 52: 29-39.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

25:  Paryad, A. and M. Mahmoudi, 2008. Effect of different levels of supplemental yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on performance, blood constituents and carcass characteristics of broiler chicks. Afr. J. Agric. Res., 3: 835-842.
Direct Link  |  

26:  Rosen, G.D., 2007. Holo-analysis of the efficacy of bio-mos in broiler nutrition. Br. Poult. Sci., 48: 21-26.
PubMed  |  

27:  Rosen, G.D., 2007. Holo-analysis of the efficacy of bio-mos in Turkey nutrition. Br. Poult. Sci., 48: 27-32.
PubMed  |  

28:  Saied, J.M., Q.H. Al-Jabary and K.M. Thalij, 2011. Effect of dietary supplement yeast culture on production performance and hematological parameters in broiler chicks. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 10: 376-380.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

29:  Santin, E., A. Maiorka, M. Macari, M. Grecco, J.C. Sanchez, T.M. Okada and A.M. Myasaka, 2001. Performance and intestinal mucosa development of broiler chickens fed diets containing Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell wall. J. Applied Poult. Res., 10: 236-244.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

30:  Subrata, S., L. Mandal, G. Dbanerjee and S.S. Sarker, 1996. Comparative efficiency of different types of yeasts on the performance of broilers. In. Vet. J., 73: 224-226.

31:  SAS Institute, 2009. User's Guide. JMP Ver. 8.0.1, SAS Inst. Inc., Cary, NC

32:  Silversides, F.G., T.A. Scott, D.R. Korver, M. Afsharmanesh and M. Hruby, 2006. A study on the interaction of xylanase and phytase enzymes in wheat-based diets fed to commercial white and brown egg laying hens. Poult. Sci., 85: 297-305.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

33:  Sims, M.D., K.A. Dawson, K.E. Newman, P. Spring and D.M. Hoogell, 2004. Effects of dietary mannan oligosaccharide, bacitracin methylene disalicylate, or both on the live performance and intestinal microbiology of turkeys. Poult. Sci., 83: 1148-1154.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

34:  De los Santos, F.S., A.M. Donoghue, M.B. Farnell, G.R. Farnell, G.R. Huff, W.E. Huff and D.J. Donoghue, 2007. Gastrointestinal maturation is accelerated in turkey poults supplemented with a mannan-oligosaccharide yeast extract (Alphamune). Poult. Sci., 86: 921-930.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

35:  Stanley, V.G., C. Gray, M. Daley, W.F. Krueger and A.E. Sefton, 2004. An alternative to antibiotic-based drugs in feed for enhancing performance of broilers grown on Eimeria spp.-infected litter. Poult. Sci., 83: 39-44.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

36:  Valdivie, M., 1975. Saccharomyces yeast as a by-product from alcohol production on final molasses in diets for broilers. Cuban J. Agric. Sci., 9: 327-331.
Direct Link  |  

37:  Yang, Y., P.A. Iji, A. Kocher, E. Thomson, L.L. Mikkelsen and M. Choct, 2008. Effects of mannanoligosaccharide in broiler chicken diets on growth performance, energy utilisation, nutrient digestibility and intestinal microflora. Br. Poult. Sci., 49: 186-194.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

38:  Yang, Y., P.A. Iji, A. Kocher, L.L. Mikkelsen and M. Choct, 2008. Effects of mannanoligosaccharide and fructooligosaccharide on the response of broilers to pathogenic Escherichia coli challenge. Br. Poult. Sci., 49: 550-559.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

39:  Zdunczyk, Z., J. Juskiewicz, J. Jankowski and A. Koncicki, 2004. Performance and caecal adaptation of turkeys to diets without or with antibiotic and with different levels of mannan-oligosacharide. Arch. Anim. Nutr., 58: 367-378.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  

40:  Zdunczyk, Z., J. Juskiewicz, J. Jankowski, E. Biedrzycka and A. Koncicki, 2005. Metabolic response of the gastrointestinal tract of turkeys to diets with different levels of mannan-oligosaccharide. Poult. Sci., 84: 903-909.
Direct Link  |  

41:  Zhang, A.W., B.D. Lee, S.K. Lee, K.W. Lee, G.H. An, K.B. Song and C.H. Lee, 2005. Effects of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) cell components on growth performance, meat quality and ileal mucosa development of broiler chicks. J. Poult. Sci., 84: 1015-1021.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved