Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Effects of Dietary Aspergillus Meal Prebiotic on Turkey Poults Production Parameters and Bone Qualities



A.R. Reginatto, A. Menconi, A. Londero, M. Lovato, A. Pires Rosa, S. Shivaramaiah, A.D. Wolfenden, W.E. Huff, G.R. Huff, N.C. Rath, A.M. Donoghue, B.M. Hargis and G. Tellez
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of 0.2% dietary Aspergillus Meal (AM) on performance and bone parameters of neonatal turkey poults. A total of 200 day-of-hatch turkey poults were used for this experiment. Two dietary treatments, similar in energy and protein content differing only by the addition of 0.2% AM, were used. Poults were divided into 2 treatment groups with 25 birds per treatment and four replicates each. Group 1 received a basal non medicated control diet and group 2 received dietary AM. At the end of 30 d, poults were weighed, euthanized and tibias were collected to evaluate bone quality using an Instron shear press machine and bone parameters such as tibia weight, diameter, ash, calcium and phosphorus assays. Samples of distal ileum were collected and the content subjected to protein and energy analysis. Poults fed with dietary AM had a significant improvement in BW and feed conversion ratios (p<0.05). Distal ileum content showed significantly less concentration of energy and protein when compared with the poults receiving control diet. Tibia weight, diameter, breaking strength, ash, calcium and phosphorus were significantly higher in poults that received dietary AM prebiotic. These results suggest that the increase in performance and bone parameters in neonatal turkey poults fed with 0.2% AM, is improved upon feeding Aspergillus niger mycelium prebiotic.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

A.R. Reginatto, A. Menconi, A. Londero, M. Lovato, A. Pires Rosa, S. Shivaramaiah, A.D. Wolfenden, W.E. Huff, G.R. Huff, N.C. Rath, A.M. Donoghue, B.M. Hargis and G. Tellez, 2011. Effects of Dietary Aspergillus Meal Prebiotic on Turkey Poults Production Parameters and Bone Qualities. International Journal of Poultry Science, 10: 496-499.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2011.496.499

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2011.496.499

REFERENCES

1:  Abrams, S.A., K.M. Hawthorne, O. Aliu, P.D. Hicks, Z. Chen and I.J. Griffin, 2007. An inulin-type fructan enhances calcium absorption primarily via an effect on colonic absorption in humans. J. Nutr., 137: 2208-2212.
Direct Link  |  

2:  AOAC International, 2000. Animal Feeds. In: Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International, Horwaitz, W. (Ed.). 17th Edn., AOAC International, Gaithersburg, MD., USA., pp: 1-54

3:  Biggs, P., C.M. Parsons and G.C. Fahey, 2007. The effects of several oligosaccharides on growth performance, nutrient digestibilities and cecal microbial populations in young chicks. Poult. Sci., 86: 2327-2336.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Chow, J., 2002. Probiotics and prebiotics: A brief overview. J. Renal Nutr., 12: 76-86.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  De Vrese, M. and J. Schrezenmeir, 2008. Probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics. Adv. Biochem. Eng. Biotechnol., 111: 1-66.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  Furuse, M., S.I. Yang, N. Niwa and J. Okumura, 1991. Effect of short chain fatty acids on the performance and intestinal weight in germ free and conventional chicks. Br. Poult. Sci., 32: 159-165.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Furuse, M. and H. Yokota, 1984. Protein and energy utilization in germ-free and conventional chicks given diets containing different levels of dietary protein. Br. J. Nutr., 51: 255-264.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

8:  Gibson, G.R. and M.B. Roberfroid, 1995. Dietary modulation of the human colonic microbiota: Introducing the concept of prebiotics. J. Nutr., 125: 1401-1412.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Gibson, G.R. and X. Wang, 1994. Regulatory effects of bifidobacteria on the growth of other colonic bacteria. J. Applied Bacteriol., 77: 412-420.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  Harms, R.H. and R.D. Miles, 1988. Influence of fermacto on the performance of laying hens when fed diets with different levels of methionine. Poult. Sci., 67: 842-844.

11:  Huff, W.E., J.A. Doerr, P.B. Hamilton, D.D. Hamann, R.E. Peterson and A. Ciegler, 1980. Evaluation of bone strength during aflatoxicosis and ochratoxicosis. Applied Environ. Microbiol., 40: 102-107.

12:  Jonker, D., C.F. Kuper, V. Maquet, G. Nollevaux and S. Gautier, 2010. Subchronic (13-week) oral toxicity study in rats with fungal chitin-glucan from Aspergillus niger. Food Chem. Toxicol., 48: 2695-2701.
PubMed  |  

13:  Kong, M., X.G. Chen, K. Xing and H.J. Park, 2010. Antimicrobial properties of chitosan and mode of action: A state of the art review. Int. J. Food Microbiol., 144: 51-63.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Laparra, J.M. and Y. Sanz, 2010. Interactions of gut microbiota with functional food components and nutraceuticals. Pharmacol. Res., 61: 219-225.
CrossRef  |  

15:  Lobo, A.R., M.L. Cocato, V. Jorgetti, L.R. de Sa, E.Y. Nakano and C. Colli, 2009. Changes in bone mass, biomechanical properties and microarchitecture of calcium- and iron-deficient rats fed diets supplemented with inulin-type fructans. Nutr. Res., 29: 873-881.
PubMed  |  

16:  Lowry, V.K., M.B. Farnell, P.J. Ferro, C.L. Swaggerty, A. Bahl and M.H. Kogut, 2005. Purified beta-glucan as an abiotic feed additive up-regulates the innate immune response in immature chickens against Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis. Int. J. Food Microbiol., 98: 309-318.
PubMed  |  

17:  Mahagna, M., I. Nir, M. Larbier and Z. Nitzan, 1995. Effect of age and exogenous amylase and protease on development of the digestive tract, pancreatic enzyme activities and digestibility of nutrient in young meat-type chicks. Reprod. Nutr. Dev., 35: 201-212.
Direct Link  |  

18:  McCleary, B.V. and B.V. McCleary, 2000. Importance of enzyme purity and activity in the measurement of total dietary fiber and dietary fiber components. J. AOAC Int., 83: 997-1005.
PubMed  |  

19:  Mineo, H., H. Hara, H. Kikuchi, H. Sakurai and F. Tomita, 2001. Various indigestible saccharides enhance net calcium transport from the epithelium of the small and large intestine of rats in vitro. J. Nutr., 131: 3243-3246.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Muzzarelli, R.A.A., 2010. Chitins and chitosans as immunoadjuvants and non-Allergenic drug carriers. Mar. Drugs, 8: 292-312.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  

21:  No, H.K., S.P. Meyers, W. Prinyawiwatkul and Z. Xu, 2007. Applications of chitosan for improvement of quality and shelf life of foods: A review. J. Food Sci., 72: R87-R100.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  NRC., 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Edn., National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA., ISBN-13: 9780309048927, Pages: 155
Direct Link  |  

23:  Potter, L.M. and J.R. Shelton, 1984. Methionine, cystine, sodium sulfate and Fermacto-500 supplementation of practical-type diets for young turkeys. J. Poult. Sci., 63: 987-992.
PubMed  |  

24:  Salter, D.N. and M.E. Coates and D. Hewitt, 1974. The utilization of protein and excretion of uric acid in germ-free and conventional chicks. Br. J. Nutr., 31: 307-318.

25:  Sangeetha, P.T., M.N. Ramesh and S.G. Prapulla, 2004. Production of fructosyl transferase by Aspergillus oryzae CFR 202 in solid-state fermentation using agricultural by-products. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 65: 530-537.
CrossRef  |  

26:  SAS, 2002. SAS User's Guide: Statistics. Statistical Analysis Systems Institute, Cary, NC., USA., ISBN: 0917382374

27:  Schneeman, B.O., 2002. Gastrointestinal physiology and functions. Br. J. Nutr., 88: S159-S163.
PubMed  |  

28:  Takasaki, M., H. Inaba, A. Ohta, Y. Motohashi, K. Sakai, H. Morris and K. Sakuma, 2000. Dietary short-chain fructooligosaccharides increase calbindin-D9k levels only in the large intestine in rats independent of dietary calcium deficiency or serum 1,25 dihydroxy vitamin D levels. Int. J. Vitam. Nutr. Res., 70: 206-213.
PubMed  |  

29:  Tellez, G., G.M. Nava, J.L. Vicente, M. De Franceschi, E.J. Morales et al., 2010. Evaluation of dietary Aspergillus meal on intestinal morphometry in Turkey poults. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 9: 875-878.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

30:  Tokunaga, T., 2004. Novel physiological function of fructooligosaccharides. Biofactors, 21: 89-94.
Direct Link  |  

31:  Tsukada, C., H. Yokoyama, C. Miyaji, Y. Ishimoto, H. Kawamura and T. Abo, 2003. Immunopotentiation of intraepithelial lymphocytes in the intestine by oral administrations of beta-glucan. Cell. Immunol., 221: 1-5.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  

32:  Uchima, C.A., G. Tokuda, H. Watanabe, K. Kitamoto and M. Arioka, 2011. Heterologous expression and characterization of a glucose-stimulated β-glucosidase from the termite Neotermes koshunensis in Aspergillus oryzae. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 89: 1761-1771.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  

33:  Uni, Z., Y. Noy and D. Sklan, 1996. Development of the small intestine in heavy and light strain chicks before and after hatching. Br. Poult. Sci., 37: 63-71.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

34:  Uni, Z., Y. Noy and D. Sklan, 1995. Posthatch changes in morphology and function of the small intestines in heavy- and light-strain chicks. Poult. Sci., 74: 1622-1629.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

35:  Vera, C., C. Guerrero, A. Illanes and R. Conejeros, 2011. A pseudo steady state model for galacto-oligosaccharides synthesis with beta-galactosidase from Aspergillus oryzae. Biotechnol. Bioeng., 108: 2270-2279.
CrossRef  |  

36:  Yokota, H. and M.E. Coates, 1982. The uptake of nutrients from the small intestine of gnotobiotic and conventional chicks. Br. J. Nutr., 47: 349-356.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

37:  Zhang, B. and C.N. Coon, 1997. The relationship of various tibia bone measurements in hens. Poult. Sci., 76: 1698-1701.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved