Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Effect of Feeding Programs on Broilers Cobb and Arbor Acres plus Performance

A.A Saki, M. Momeni, M.M. Tabatabaei, A. Ahmadi, M.M.H. Rahmati, H.R. Hemati Matin and A. Janjan
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

The main objective of this study was to determine the effects of various feeding programs (with different energy protein levels) and strain on broiler performance. Three hundred ninety six day old chicks were used in this study. The treatments groups were designed in a 2 x 3 factorial with two commercial strains (Cobb and Arbor Acres Plus) and three dietary programs 1) NRC regimen 2) Single diet (S) and 3) Phase Feeding Regimen (PF). Traits such as fed intake, feed conversion ratio, body weight, production index, mortality and growth rate were recorded for strains and feeding programs. At the end of period there were no significant effects between strains in mentioned traits. But for NRC and PF feed intake was significantly lower than S diet (p<0.05). Also NRC and PF diets significantly increased growth rate and average body weight comparing to S diet (p<0.05). NRC regimen, production index and feed conversion ratio were significantly better than PF and S diets (p<0.01). Except to feed conversion ratio at 42 days of age there were no significant interaction between strains and diets (p>0.05). S diet caused to decrees performance and economical efficiency. Decreasing diet cost and increasing economical efficiency were obtained by PF diet without any response in performance. It was concluded that better performance appeared by Arbor Acres Plus strain in regarding of NRC diet.

Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

A.A Saki, M. Momeni, M.M. Tabatabaei, A. Ahmadi, M.M.H. Rahmati, H.R. Hemati Matin and A. Janjan, 2010. Effect of Feeding Programs on Broilers Cobb and Arbor Acres plus Performance. International Journal of Poultry Science, 9: 795-800.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2010.795.800



1:  Baker, D.H. and Y. Han, 1994. Ideal amino acid profile for chicks during the first three weeks posthatching. Poult. Sci., 73: 1441-1447.
Direct Link  |  

2:  Baker, D.H, 1997. Ideal Amino Acid Profile for Swine and Poultry and their Application in Feed Formulation. Biokyowa Press, St. Louis, MO

3:  Bartov, I., 1996. Interrelationship between the effects of dietary factors and feed withdrawal on the content and composition of liver fat in broiler chicks. Poult. Sci., 75: 632-641.
PubMed  |  

4:  Bartov, I. and I. Plavnik, 1998. Moderate excess of dietary protein increases breast meat yield of broiler chicks. Poult. Sci., 77: 680-688.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Bedford, M.R., 1993. Mode of fraction of feed enzymes. J. Poult. Res., 2: 85-92.

6:  De Mello, J.P., 1994. Amino Acid Imbalances, Antagonism and Toxicities. In: Amino Acid in Farm Nutrition, Mello, P.F.D. (Ed.). CAB International, Wallingford, UK., pp: 63-97

7:  Donaldson, W.E., 1985. Lipogenesis and body fat in chicken: Effect of calorie-protein ratio and dietary fat. Poult. Sci., 64: 1199-1204.
PubMed  |  

8:  Emmert, J.L. and D.H. Baker, 1997. Use o ideal protein concept for precision formulation of amino acid levels in broiler diet. J. Applied Poult. Res., 6: 468-470.
Direct Link  |  

9:  Fancher, B. and L.S. Jensen, 1989. Influence of varying dietary protein content while satisfying essential amino acid requirements upon broiler performance from three to six weeks of age. Poult. Sci., 68: 113-123.

10:  Fancher, B. and L.S. Jensen, 1989. Male broiler performance during the starting and growing periods as affected by dietary protein, essential amino acid and potassium levels. Poult. Sci., 68: 1385-1395.

11:  Fancher, B.I. and L.S. Jensen, 1989. Dietary protein level and essential amino acid content: Influence upon female broiler performance during the grower period. Poult. Sci., 68: 897-908.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Gonzalez, M.J. and G.M. Pesti, 1993. Evaluation of the protein to energy ratio concept in broiler and turkey nutrition. Poult. Sci. J., 72: 2115-2123.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Holsheimer, J.P. and C.H. Veerkamp, 1992. Effect of dietary energy, protein and lysine content on performance and yields of two strains of male broiler chicks. Poult. Sci., 71: 872-879.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Hussein, A.S., A.H. Cantor, A.J. Pescatore and T.H. Johnson, 1996. Effect of dietary protein and energy levels on pullet development. Poult. Sci., 75: 973-978.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Keshavarz, K., 1991. Low-protein, amino acid supplemented diets hinder poultry growth. Feedstuff, 17: 11-12.

16:  Leeson, S., J.D. Summers and L.J. Caston, 1991. Diet dilution and compensatory growth in broilers. Poult. Sci., 70: 867-873.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Leeson, S. and J.D. Summers, 2001. Scott's Nutrition of the Chicken. 4th Edn., Academic Press, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, pp: 466-468

18:  Lei, S. and G. Van Beek, 1997. Influence of activity and dietary energy on broiler performance, carcass yield and sensory quality. Br. Poult. Sci., 38: 183-189.
PubMed  |  

19:  Moran, E.T., R.D. Bushong and S.F. Bilgili, 1992. Reducing dietary crud protein for broilers while satisfying amino acid requirements by least-cost formulation: Live performance, litter composition and yield of fast-food carcass cuts at six weeks. Poult. Sci., 71: 1687-1694.

20:  Nakhata, N. and J.O. Anderson, 1982. Describing the relation between dietary protein and energy levels and chick performance by mathematical equations. Poult. Sci., 61: 891-897.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

21:  NRC., 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Edn., National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA., ISBN-13: 9780309048927, Pages: 155
Direct Link  |  

22:  Olomu, J.M. and S.A. Offiong, 1980. The effect of different protein and energy levels and time of change from starter to finisher ration on the performance of broiler chicken in the tropic. Poult. Sci., 59: 828-835.
PubMed  |  

23:  Parsons, C.M. and D.H. Baker, 1982. Effect of dietary protein level and monensin on performance of chicks. Poult. Sci., 61: 2083-2088.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

24:  Pesti, G.M. and D.L. Fletcher, 1984. The response of male broiler chickens to diets with various protein contents during the grower and finisher phases. Br. Poult. Sci., 25: 415-423.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

25:  SAS., 2000. SAS User's Guide: Statistics. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC., USA

26:  Scott, H.M., L.D. Matterson and E.P. Singsen, 1947. Nutritional factors influencing growth and efficiency of feed utilization. Poult. Sci., 76: 321-325.

27:  Skinernobel, D.O., J.G. Berry and R.G. Teeter, 2001. Use of a single diet feeding program for female broilers. Anim. Sci. Res. Rep, Oklahoma University.

28:  Shoemaker, D.P., C.W. Garland, J.I. Steinfeld and J.W. Nibler, 1981. Experiments in Physical Chemistry. 4th Edn., McGraw-Hill, New York

29:  Smith, E.R. and G.M. Pesti, 1998. Influence of broiler strain cross and dietary protein on the performance of broilers. Poult. Sci., 77: 276-281.
Direct Link  |  

30:  Swatson, H., R.M. Gous and P.A. Iji, 2000. Biological performance and gastrointestinal development of broiler chicken fed diets varying in energy: Protein ratio. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 30: 136-137.
Direct Link  |  

31:  Waibel, P.E., C.W. Carlson, J.A. Brannon and S.L. Noll, 2000. Limiting amino acids after methionine and lysine with growing Turkeys fed low-protein diets. Poult. Sci., 79: 1290-1298.
Direct Link  |  

32:  Waldroup, P.W., N.M. Tidwell and A.L. Izat, 1990. The effect of energy and amino acid levels on performance and carcass quality of male and female broilers grown separately. Poult. Sci., 69: 1513-1521.

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved