Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Effect of n-3 and n-6 Fatty Acid Supplemented Diets on Semen Quality in Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)



Hazim J. Al-Daraji, H.A. Al-Mashadani, W.K. Al-Hayani, A.S. Al-Hassani and H.A. Mirza
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The present work aimed to compare the effect of different dietary oil sources on semen characteristics of quail males. Japanese quail males (21 per diet) were fed one of four treatment diets: diet containing sunflower oil (T1), flax oil (T2), corn oil (T3), or fish oil (T4) as the oil source. Birds were 6 weeks old at the beginning of experiment. Following two weeks of adaptation period, semen was collected twice a week fortnightly from each male to evaluate semen traits included in this study. First semen collection was used to evaluate ejaculate volume, sperm concentration, live in total sperm, live normal sperm, sperm quality factor and abnormal sperm, while the second semen collection was used after pooled the semen of each replicate (7 male each) for determine semen glucose, protein, Aspartate Aminotrnsferase (AST), Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP). Results of this study revealed that fish oil group (T4) surpasses other treatment groups as regards all semen characteristics involved in this study followed by the results of flax oil (T2), whereas the worst results for these traits were recorded when the diets of quail males supplemented with sunflower oil (T1) and corn oil (T3). In conclusion, fish oil and flax oil supplemented diets can be used as efficient tool for improving reproductive performance of Japanese quail males.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Hazim J. Al-Daraji, H.A. Al-Mashadani, W.K. Al-Hayani, A.S. Al-Hassani and H.A. Mirza, 2010. Effect of n-3 and n-6 Fatty Acid Supplemented Diets on Semen Quality in Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). International Journal of Poultry Science, 9: 656-663.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2010.656.663

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2010.656.663

REFERENCES

1:  Al-Daraji, H.J., 2002. Studies of the semen characteristics of certain breeds of Iraqi cocks. Iraqi J. Agric. Sci., 33: 257-262.

2:  Al-Daraji, H.J., 2001. Effects of holding temperature and time on acrosomal abnormalities of fowl sperm. Int. J. Anim. Sci., 71: 32-34.

3:  Al-Daraji, H.J., 2001. Sperm-egg penetration in laying breeder flocks: A technique for the prediction of fertility. Br. Poult. Sci., 42: 266-270.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Al-Daraji, H.J., B.T.O. Al-Tikriti and A.A. Al-Rawi, 2002. Study of the semen traits of Indigenous roosters reared during summer months. Iraqi. J. Agric. Sci., 33: 223-228.

5:  Al-Daraji, H.J., A.J. Al-Rawi and B.T.O. Al-Tikriti, 2002. Study of the semen traits of barred plymouth rock, new hampshire and local roosters. Iraqi J. Agric. Sci., 33: 255-260.

6:  Al-Daraji, H.J., D.H. Al-Hassani, B.T.O. Al-Tikriti and M.H. Abd-Alabaas, 2001. The influence of breed and season on semen quality of cocks. IPA. J. Agric. Res., 11: 152-162.

7:  Al-Daraji, H.J., A.K. Al-Athari and E.H. Al-Mashadani, 2000. Effect of ascorbic acid supplementation on semen characteristics of Fawbro broiler breeder males reared under hot climate. Iraqi J. Agric. Sci., 31: 375-388.

8:  Blesbois, E., M. Lessire, I. Grasseau, J.M. Hallouis and D. Hermier, 1997. Effect of dietary fat on the fatty acid composition and fertilizing ability of fowl semen. Biol. Reprod., 56: 1216-1220.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Bongalhardo, D.C., S. Leeson and M.M. Buhr, 2009. Dietary lipids differentially affect membranes from different areas of rooster sperm. Poult. Sci., 88: 1060-1069.
Direct Link  |  

10:  Brown, K.I., B.G. Grabo, E.F. Graham and M.M. Pace, 1971. Some factors affecting loss of intracellular enzymes from spermatozoa. Cryobiology, 8: 220-224.
CrossRef  |  

11:  Buckland, R.B., 1971. The activity of six enzymes of chicken seminal plasma and sperm. 1. Effect of in vitro storage and full sib families on enzyme activity and fertility. Poult. Sci., 50: 1724-1734.
PubMed  |  

12:  Cerolini, S., L. Zaniboni, A. Moldjian and T. Gliozzi, 2006. Effect of docosahexaenoic acid and α- tocopherol enrichment in chicken sperm on semen quality, sperm lipid composition and susceptibility to peroxidation. Theriogenology, 66: 877-886.
CrossRef  |  

13:  Cerolini, S., P. Surai, G. Mangiagalli, L.G. Gavalchini and R.C. Noble, 2000. Effect of n3 and n6 fatty acid supplemented diet and vitamin E level on semen quality in cockerels. Br. Poult. Sci., 41: 8-10.
CrossRef  |  

14:  Cerolini, S., K.A. Kelso, R.C. Noble, B.K. Speake, F. Pizzi and L.G. Cavalchini, 1997. Relationship between spermatozoan lipid composition and fertility during aging of chickens. Biol. Reprod., 57: 976-980.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Cerolini, S., P. Surai, A. Maldjian, T. Gliozzi and R. Noble, 1997. Lipid composition of semen in different fowl breeders. Poult. Avian Biol. Rev., 8: 141-148.
Direct Link  |  

16:  Duncan, D.B., 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11: 1-42.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Estienne, M.J., A.F. Harper and R.J. Grawford, 2008. Dietary supplementation with a source of omega-3 fatty acids increases sperm number and the duration of ejaculation in boars. Theriogenology, 70: 70-76.
PubMed  |  

18:  Etches, R.J., 1996. The Male. In Reproduction in Poultry. CAB International, Walling Ford, pp: 209-233

19:  Gasanovas, P., 1999. Methods of alleviating the age-related decline in fertility of broiler breeder males. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Georgia, Athens, GA.

20:  Hudson, B.P. and J.L. Wilson, 2003. Effects of dietary menhaden oil on fertility and sperm quality of breeder males. J. Applied Poult. Res., 12: 341-347.
Direct Link  |  

21:  Kelso, K.A., S. Cerolini, R.C. Noble, N.H.C. Sparks and B.K. Speake, 1996. Lipid and antioxidant changes in semen of broiler fowl from 25 to 60 weeks of age. J. Reprod. Fert., 106: 201-206.
CrossRef  |  

22:  Kelso, K.A., S. Cerolini, R.C. Noble, N.H.C. Sparks and B.K. Speake, 1997. The effect of dietary supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid on the phospholipids fatty acid composition of avian spermatozoa. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Biochem. Mol. Biol., 118: 65-69.
CrossRef  |  

23:  Kelso, K.A., S. Cerolini, B.K. Speake, L.G. Gavalchini and R.C. Noble, 1997. Effects of dietary supplementation with alpha-linolenic acid on the phospholipids fatty acid composition and quality of spermatozoa in cockerel from 24-72 weeks of age. J. Reprod. Fert., 110: 53-59.

24:  Lin, D.S., W.E. Connor, D.P. Wolf, M. Neuringer and D.L. Hachey, 1993. Unique lipids of primate spermatozoa desmosterol and docosahexaenoic acid. J. Lipid Res., 34: 491-499.
Direct Link  |  

25:  NRC., 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Edn., National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA., ISBN-13: 9780309048927, Pages: 155
Direct Link  |  

26:  Safarinejad, M.R., S.Y. Hosseini, F. Dadkhah and M.A. Asgari, 2009. Omega 3 supplements could boost sperm quality. Clin. Nutr., DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2009.07.008.
Direct Link  |  

27:  SAS, 2000. SAS/STAT Users Guide. Version 6.12, SAS Institute, Cary, NC.

28:  Surai, P.F., R.C. Noble, N.H.C. Sparks and B.K. Speake, 2000. Effect of long-term supplementation with arachidonic or docosahexaenoic acids on sperm reproduction in the broiler chicken. J. Reprod. Fertil., 120: 257-264.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

29:  Surai, P.F., S. Cerolini, G.J. Wishart, B.K. Speake, R.C. Noble and N.H. Sparks, 1998. Lipid and antioxidant composition of chicken semen and its susceptibility to peroxidation. Poult. Avia. Biol. Rev., 9: 11-23.

30:  Thurston, R.J., 1976. Physiological studies of semen production in the domestic turkey. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Missouri, Columbia.

31:  Thurston, R.J., R.A. Hess and N. Korn, 1992. Seminal plasma protein concentration as a predictor of fertility and hatchability in large white domestic turkeys. J. Applied Poult. Res., 1: 335-338.
Direct Link  |  

32:  Waterhouse, K.E., P.O. Hofmo, A. Tverdal and R.R. Miller Jr., 2006. Within and between breed differences in freezing tolerance and plasma membrane fatty acid composition of boar sperm. Reproduction, 131: 887-894.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

33:  Zaniboni, L. and S. Cerolini, 2009. Liquid storage of turkey semen: Changes in quality parameters, lipid composition and susceptibility to induced in vitro peroxidation in control, n-3 fatty acids and alpha-tocopherol rich spermatozoa. Anim. Reprod. Sci., 112: 51-65.
Direct Link  |  

34:  Al-Daraji, H.J., 2007. Avian reproductive physiology. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, University of Baghdad, College of Agriculture.

35:  Al-Daraji, H.J., 2007. Artificial insemination in domestic birds. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, University of Baghdad, College of Agriculture.

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved