Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Evaluation of Growth Characteristics and Haematological Indices of Broiler-chicks Fed Raw and Processed Bambara Groundnut Seed as a Component of Poultry Feed



O.B. Oloyede, J.B. Minari and N.O. Muhammad
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Sixty broiler chicks (day-old) were used in a 4-week feeding experiment to assess the growth response and heamatological variables of broilers-chicks fed raw, roasted and fermented bambara groundnut as a sole source of protein. Soybean based diet served as the control. There were four (4) experimental groups, each made up of five birds in three replicates, allocated to the experimental diets. The results showed that the average final live weight, average weekly weight gain and average feed intake of birds fed fermented bambara groundnut performed better than birds fed roasted bambara groundnut but demonstrated inferiority when compared to the control. Among other organs measured the relative weight of gizzard were significantly (p<0.05) influenced by the dietary treatment. Protein quality as revealed by the haematological parameters, like Haemoglobin (Hb), Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and Red Blood Cell (RBC) levels indicated that fermented based diet fed to the birds performed better than but demonstrated inferiority when compare with the soybean based diet. However, the results showed that raw bambara groundnut based diet has a high protein quality when compared with the control diet. The use of bambara groundnut therefore in the feeding of broilers in the developing countries if properly harnessed and processed can make poultry production affordable.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

O.B. Oloyede, J.B. Minari and N.O. Muhammad, 2010. Evaluation of Growth Characteristics and Haematological Indices of Broiler-chicks Fed Raw and Processed Bambara Groundnut Seed as a Component of Poultry Feed. International Journal of Poultry Science, 9: 652-655.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2010.652.655

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2010.652.655

REFERENCES

1:  Agbede, J.O., 2000. Biochemical compositional nutritive quality of the seeds and leaf protein form underutilized tree and herbaceous Legumes. Ph.D. Thesis, Fed. Univ. of Tech., Akure-Nigeria.

2:  Anita, T., 1996. Food and Nutrition. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp: 1-50

3:  Apata, D.F., 1990. Biochemical nutrition and toxicological assessment of some tropical legume seeds. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

4:  Duncan, D.B., 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11: 1-42.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Martinez, J.A., R. Marcross, M.T. Mararulla and J. Larraide, 1995. Growth harmonal status and protein turn over in rats feed on a diet containing peas (Pisum satevum L.) as the source of protein. Plant Food Hum. Nutr., 47: 211-220.

6:  Miles, R.D. and W.R. Featherston, 1978. Uric acid excretion by the Chick as an indicator of dietary protein quality. Poult. Sci., 55: 98-102.

7:  Nwokolo, E.N., 1986. Growth and organ weight of chicks fed on processed pigeon pea meal supplemented with lysine and methionine. Nig. J. Nutr. Sci., 7: 78-80.

8:  Nwokolo, E.N. and J.S. Sim, 1987. Nutritional assessment of defatted oil meals of melon (Colocynthis citrullus L.) and fluted pumpkin (Telfaria occidentalis Hook) by chick assay. J. Sci. Food Agric., 38: 237-246.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Otunola, G.A., O.B. Oloyede and D.F. Apata, 2002. Effects of replacing soybean meal with raw or fermented melon cake on the performance of broiler chicks. Biosci. Res. Commun., 14: 115-122.

10:  Pusztai, A., G. Grant, T. Duguid, D.S. Brown, W.J. Peumans, E.J.M. Damme, Van and S. Bardoez, 1995. Inhibition of starch digestion by alpha-amylase inhibitor reduces the effiency of utilization of dietary proteins and lipids and retards the growth of rats. J. Nutr., 125: 1554-1562.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1960. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. 1st Edn., McGraw Hill, New York, USA., pp: 107-109

12:  Tietz, P.S., R.T. Holman, L.J. Miller and N.F. Larusso, 1995. Isolation nad characterization of rat Chlolangiocyte vesicles enriched in apical or basolateral plasma membrane domains. Biochemistry, 34: 15436-15443.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved