Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Phytase with Synergistic Herbs: An Option to Reduce Environmental Pollution by Partial Replacement of Inorganic Phosphorus in Broiler Ration



A.P. Somkuwar, K. Ravikanth, S. Maini, D.S. Rekhe, M.K. Patil and B. Ballurkar
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Supplementation of phytase alongwith certain synergistic herbs (Ayufytase) was assessed on growth performance, phosphorus excretion and bone mineralization in 6 weeks trial using 90 day old Vencob broiler chicks fed corn-soyabean based diet. Chicks were randomly divided into three equal groups (n = 30), each having three replicates. Composition of experimental diets for all three groups were designed in a way that group T0 was offered standard basal diet formulated as per NRC (1994) requirements containing Dicalcium Phosphate (DCP) as the source of inorganic phosphorus and without any phytase supplementation, T1 was offered basal diet with supplemental [email protected]/tonne of feed replacing 50% of DCP, T2 was offered basal diet with [email protected]/tonne of feed replacing 65% of DCP. Feed intake and body weight gain was recorded on weekly basis. A metabolic trial of three days was conducted at the end of the trial to estimate percent (%) Phosphorus (P) excreted in faeces. Among bone mineralization parameters; tibia ash, toe ash, phosphorus %, tibiotarsal and robusticity index were determined at 6th week. The results of treatment group (T1 and T2) reveals significant (p<0.05) improvement in feed intake, mean weekly body weight gain, phosphorus retention and bone mineralization parameters than control group. It can be concluded that Ayufytase is helpful to reduce environmental pollution caused by excretory Phosphorus by birds most efficiently if replaced with inorganic sources of phosphorus in basal ration at 50% level.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

A.P. Somkuwar, K. Ravikanth, S. Maini, D.S. Rekhe, M.K. Patil and B. Ballurkar, 2010. Phytase with Synergistic Herbs: An Option to Reduce Environmental Pollution by Partial Replacement of Inorganic Phosphorus in Broiler Ration. International Journal of Poultry Science, 9: 390-394.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2010.390.394

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2010.390.394

REFERENCES

1:  Annison, G. and M. Choct, 1993. Enzymes in poultry diets. Proceedings of the 1st Symposium Kartause Ittingen, Oct. 13-16, Switzerland, pp: 61-68

2:  Cooper, R.J. and H.S. Gowing, 1983. Mammalian small intestine phytase (EC 3.1.3.8). Br. J. Nutr., 50: 673-678.
PubMed  |  

3:  Jalal, M.A. and S.E. Scheideler, 2001. Effect of supplementation of two different sources of phytase on egg production parameters in laying hens and nutrient digestiblity. Poult. Sci., 80: 1463-1471.
Direct Link  |  

4:  Junepere, J., A.M. Parez-Vendrell and J. Brufau, 2004. Effects of microbial phytase on broilers fed barley based diets in the presence or not of endogenous phytase. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 115: 265-279.
Direct Link  |  

5:  Kiiskenen, T., J. Piironen and T. Hakonen, 1994. Effects of supplemental microbial phytase on performance of broiler chickens. Agric. Sci. Finland, 3: 457-466.

6:  Ledoux, D.R., K. Zyla and T.L. Veum, 1995. Substitution of phytase for inorganic phosphorus for turkey hens. J. Applied Poult. Res., 4: 157-163.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Maenz, D.D. and H.L. Classen, 1998. Phytase activity in the small intestinal brush border membrane of the chicken. Poult. Sci., 77: 557-563.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

8:  Mitchell, R.D. and H.M. Jr. Edwards, 1996. Effects of phytase and 1,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol on phytate utilization and the quantitative requirement for calcium and phosphorus in young broiler chickens. Poult. Sci., 75: 95-110.
PubMed  |  

9:  Nelson, T.S., T.R. Shieh, R.J. Wodzinski and J.H. Ware, 1971. Effect of supplemental phytase on the utilization of phytate phosphorus by chicks. J. Nutr., 101: 1289-1293.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  Qian, H., H.P. Veit, E.T. Kornegay, V. Ravindran and D.M. Denbow, 1996. Effects of supplemental phytase and phosphorus on histological and other tibial bone characteristics and performances of broilers fed semi-purified diets. Poult. Sci., 75: 618-626.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  NRC., 1994. Nutrient Requirement of Poultry. National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA

12:  Perney, K.M., A.H. Cantor, M.L. Straw and K.L. Herkelman, 1993. The effect of dietary phytase on growth performance and phosphorus utilization of broiler chicks. Poult. Sci., 72: 2106-2114.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Punna, S. and D.A. Roland Sr., 1999. Influence of supplemental microbial phytase on first cycle laying hens fed phosphorus-deficient diets from day one of age. Poult. Sci., 78: 1407-1411.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Qian, H., E.T. Kornegay and D.M. Denbow, 1996. Phosphorus equivalence of microbial phytase in turkey diets as influenced by calcium and phosphorus ratios and phosphorus levels. Poult. Sci., 75: 69-81.
PubMed  |  

15:  Sankaran, P.S., G.C. Prasad and P.J. Deshpande, 1964. Histochemical and biochemical studies on the effect of Uraria picta on fracture healing. J. Med. Surg.,
Direct Link  |  

16:  Sebastian, S., S.P. Touchburn and E.R. Chavez, 1998. Implications of phytic acid and supplemental microbial phytase in poultry nutrition: A review. World Poult. Sci. J., 54: 27-47.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Seedor, J.G., H.A. Quarruccio and D.D. Thompson, 1991. The bisphosphonate alendronate (MK-217) inhibits bone loss due to ovariectomy in rats. J. Bone Miner Res., 6: 339-346.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

18:  Reisenfeld, A., 1972. Metatarsal robusticity in bipedal rats. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 40: 229-234.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Shirley, R.B. and H.M. Edwards Jr., 2003. Graded levels of phytase past industry standards improves broiler performance. Poult. Sci., 82: 671-680.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

20:  Simons, P.C.M., H.A.J. Versteegh, A.W. Jongbloed, P.A. Kemme and P. Slump et al., 1990. Improvement of phosphorus availability by microbial phytase in broilers and pigs. Br. J. Nutr., 64: 525-540.
PubMed  |  

21:  Singh, L.M. and K.N. Udupa, 1962. Studies on cissus quadrangularis in fracture by using phosphorus-32, part-III, Indian. J. Med. Sci., 16: 926-931.

22:  Snedecor, G.W. and W.G. Cochran, 1994. Statistical Mthods. 8th Edn., Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa.

23:  Sohail, S.S. and D.A. Roland, 1999. Influence of supplemental phytase on performance of broilers four to six weeks of age. Poult. Sci., 78: 550-555.
Direct Link  |  

24:  Udupa, K.N. and G.C. Prasad, 1964. Further studies on the effect of Cissus quadrangularis in accelerating fracture healing. Indian J. Med. Res., 52: 26-35.
PubMed  |  

25:  Klis, J.D.V. and H.A.J. Versteegh, 1996. Phosphorus Nutrition in Poultry. In: Recent advances in Animal Nutrition, Garnsworthy, P.C., J. Wiseman and W. Haresign (Eds.). Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, England, pp: 71-86

26:  Viveros, A., A. Brenes, I. Arija and C. Centeno, 2002. Effects of microbial phytase supplementation on mineral utilization and serum enzyme activities in broiler chicks fed different levels of phosphorus. Poult. Sci., 81: 1172-1183.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  

27:  Yi, Z., E.T. Kornegay, V. Ravindran and D.M. Denbow, 1996. Improving phytate phosphorus availability in corn and soyabean meal for broilers using microbial phytase and calculation of phosphorus equivalency values for phytase. Poult. Sci., 75: 240-249.

28:  Yan, F., J.H. Kersey and P.W. Waldroup, 2001. Phosphorus requirements of broiler chicks three to six weeks of age as influenced by phytase supplementation. Poult. Sci., 80: 455-459.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved