Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Guava By-Product Meal Processed in Various Ways and Fed in Differing Amounts as a Component in Laying Hen Diets



A.A. El-Deek, Safa M. Hamdy, Y.A. Attia and A.M. El-Shahat
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The effect of different dietary levels of sun dried Guava by-product (GBP, pulp, peel, seeds and inedible fruits) processed by various ways in laying hen diets was investigated. GBP was collected and sun dried and fine grinded. GBP was processed by boiling for half an hr or an hr in water, acid (0.1 N) and alkaline (0.1 N) and their chemical composition was done. Furthermore, a total of 264 laying hens were fed from 32-48 wk of age twenty two diets consist of three level of GBP at 5, 10 and 15% processed by seven techniques in addition to the control diet (GBP free-diet). Each diet was assigned to three replicates of 4 hens each. Different processing methods induced an alternation in chemical composition of GBP. The ME value of GBP sun dried only, boiled for half an hr or an hr in water, acid (0.1 N) and alkaline (0.1 N) was 2200, 2040, 2540, 2310, 2160, 2650 and 2480 kcal/kg, respectively. Hens fed 15% of sun dried GBP or 15% of GBP boiled for half an hr in acid laid significantly more eggs, whereas, those fed 5% GBP boiled for half an hr in water had the least egg number. Hens fed 5% sun dried GBP boiled for an hr in alkaline had significantly the best FCR. Sun dried or processed GBP in layer diets did not adversely affect quality of eggs and shell.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

A.A. El-Deek, Safa M. Hamdy, Y.A. Attia and A.M. El-Shahat, 2009. Guava By-Product Meal Processed in Various Ways and Fed in Differing Amounts as a Component in Laying Hen Diets. International Journal of Poultry Science, 8: 866-874.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2009.866.874

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2009.866.874

REFERENCES
1:  Abdel-Azeem, F.A., 2005. Studies on the effect of different crude fibre levels on laying Japanese quail (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica). Egypt. Poult. Sci. J., 25: 241-257.

2:  Abiola, S.S. and A.O. Adekunle, 2002. Nutritive value of melon husk in the diet of chickens. Bioresour. Technol., 81: 265-267.
CrossRef  |  

3:  Abiola, S.S., A.C. Amalime and K.C. Akadiri, 2002. The utilization of alkali-treated melon husk by broilers. Bioresour. Technol., 84: 247-450.
PubMed  |  

4:  Aly, A.M., 1981. Studies on the unsoponifiable matter of some vegetable oils. M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Minufiya University, Egypt.

5:  AOAC., 1990. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Analytical. 15th Edn., Vol. 2. Arlington, VA: The Association Washington, DC., USA, ISBN: 9780935584424.

6:  Arnal, P.F. and J. Adria, 1974. Role des gommes et des mucilages sur la digestibitite. Ann. Nutr. Meat, 28: 505-521.

7:  Attia, Y.A., S.A. A.B.D. El-Rahman and A.K. Kies, 2001. Utilization of vegetable diets containing different levels of rice bran with or without commercial enzymes in Norfa laying hen diet. J. Agric. Sic. Mansoura Univ., 26: 3357-3577.

8:  Attia, Y.A., W.H. Burke, K.A. Yamani and L.S. Jensen, 1995. Energy allotment and reproductive performance of broiler breeders. Poult. Sci., 74: 261-270.

9:  Attia, Y.A., E.M.A. Qota, F.A.M. Aggoor and A.K. Kies, 2003. Value of rice bran, its maximal utilization and upgrading by phytase and other enzymes and diet-formulation based on available amino acid for broiler chicks. Arch. Geflugelkunde, 67: 157-166.

10:  Attia, Y.A., R.A. Hassan and E.M.A. Qota, 2009. Recovery from adverse effects of heat stress on slow-growing chicks in the tropics 1: Effect of ascorbic acid and different levels of betaine. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 41: 807-818.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Carpenter, K.J. and K.M. Clegg, 1956. The metabolizable energy of poultry feeding stuffs in relation to their chemical composition. J. Sci. Food Agric., 7: 45-51.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Chaturvedi, V.B. and K.S. Singh, 2000. Intake and digestibility of nutrients in chickens fed diets based on rice. Indian J. Poult. Sci., 35: 318-321.

13:  Daghir, N.J., 2008. Poultry Production in Hot Climates. 2nd Edn., CAB International, Wallingford, Oxford, UK., ISBN-13: 9781845934170, Pages: 387.

14:  Duncan, D.B., 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11: 1-42.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Eastwood, M.A. and D. Haniltion, 1973. Vegetable fibre it physical properties. Proc. Nutr. Soc., 32: 137-143.

16:  El-Deek, A.A., M.A. Asar, S.M. Hamdy and A.A Abdalla, 2009. The utilization of guava by-products in broiler finisher diets. Egypt. Poult. Sci. J., 29: 53-79.

17:  El-Ghamry, A.A., M.A. Al-Harthi and Y.A. Attia, 2005. Possibility to improve rice polishing utilisation in broiler diets by enzymes or dietary formulation based on digestible amino acids. Arch. Geflugelkunde, 69: 49-56.
Direct Link  |  

18:  Farran, M.T., W.S. Halaby, G.W. Barbour, M.G. Uwayjan, F.T. Sleiman and V.M. Ashkarian, 2005. Effects of feeding ervil (Vicia ervilia) seeds soaked in water or acetic acid on performance and internal organ size of broilers and production and egg quality of laying hens. Poult. Sci., 84: 1723-1728.

19:  Forman, L.P. and B.O Schneeman, 1980. Effects of dietary pectin and fat on the small intestinal contents and exocrine pancreas of rats. J. Nutr., 110: 1992-1999.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Garcia, M., R. Lazaro, M.A. Latorre, M.I. Gracia and G.G. Mateos, 2008. Influence of enzyme supplementation and heat processing of barley on digestive traits and productive performance of broilers. Poult. Sci., 87: 940-948.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

21:  Gonzalez-Alvarado, J.M., E. Jimenez-Moreno, R. Lazaro and G.G. Mateos, 2007. Effect of type of cereal, heat processing of the cereal and inclusion of fiber in the diet on productive performance and digestive traits of broilers. Poult. Sci., 86: 1705-1715.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  Habib, M.A., 1986. Studies on the lipid and protein composition of guava seed (Psidiuym guayava). Food Chem., 22: 7-16.

23:  Hartini, S., M. Choct, G. Hinch, A. Kocher and J.V. Nolan, 2002. Effects of light intensity during rearing and beak trimming and dietary fiber sources on mortality, egg production and performance of ISA brown laying hens. J. Applied Poult. Res., 11: 104-110.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

24:  Holland, B., A.A. Welch, I.D. Unwin, D.H. Buzz, A.A. Paul and A.T. Southgate, 1991. McCance and widdowson's, the composition of foods. The Royal Society of Chemistry and Ministry of Agriculture, Fishers and Food, UK.

25:  Jeroch, H. and S. Danicke, 1995. Barley in poultry feeding: A review. World. Poult. Sci., 51: 271-291.

26:  Marquina, V., L. Araujo, J. Ruiz, A. Rodriguez-Malaver and P. Vit, 2008. Composition and antioxidant capacity of the guava (Psidium guajava L.) fruit, pulp and jam. Arch. Latinoam Nutr., 58: 98-102.

27:  Mohamed, A.A., K. El-Shazly and A.R. Abou-Akkada, 1971. The use of some agriculture by-products in feeding of farm animals. Alexandria J. Agric. Res., 19: 25-32.

28:  Mourao, J.L., V.M. Pinheiro, J.A. Prates, R.J. Bessa, L.M. Ferreira, C.M. Fontes and P.I. Ponte, 2008. Effect of dietary dehydrated pasture and citrus pulp on the performance and meat quality of broiler chickens. Poult. Sci., 87: 733-743.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

29:  NRC., 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Edn., National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA., ISBN-13: 9780309048927, Pages: 155.

30:  Opute, E.I., 1978. The component fatty acids of psidiuym guayava seedless. J. Sci. Food Agric., 29: 737-737.

31:  Pelegrini, P.B., A.M. Murad, L.P. Silva, R.C. Dos-Santos and F.T. Costa et al., 2008. Identification of a novel storage glycine-rich peptide from guava (Psidium guajava) seeds with activity against Gram-negative bacteria. Peptides, 29: 1271-1279.

32:  SAS, 1996. SAS Procedure Guide. Version 6.12, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC., USA.

33:  Sahin, K., M. Onderci, N. Sahin, M.F. Gursu and O. Kucuk, 2003. Dietary vitamin C and folic acid supplementation ameliorates the detrimental effects of heat stress in Japanese quail. J. Nutr., 133: 1882-1886.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

34:  Squires, M.W., E.C. Naber and V.D. Toelie, 1992. The effects of heat water, acid, alkali treatment of tomato cannery wastes on growth, metabolisable energy value and nitrogen utilization of broiler chicks. Poult. Sci., 71: 522-529.

35:  Uddin, M.S., M.N.A. Hawlader, L. Ding and A.S. Mujumdar, 2002. Degradation of ascorbic acid in dried guava during storage. J. Food Eng., 51: 21-26.
Direct Link  |  

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved