Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Seroprevalence, Seasonal Occurrence and Clinical Manifestation of Newcastle Disease in Rural Household Chickens in Plateau State, Nigeria

U. Musa, P.A. Abdu, I.I. Dafwang, J.U. Umoh, L. Sa`idu, U.M. Mera and J.A. Edache
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

A study on seroprevalence, seasonal occurrence and clinical manifestation of Newcastle Disease Virus (ND) among rural household chickens and Live Birds Markets (LBM) was conducted using haemagglutination Inhibition Test (HI) and questionnaires. A total of 1, 208 chickens reared under extensive management system in four Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Plateau State were used for the study. The seroprevalence of ND virus antibodies in rural chickens showed that there was no statistically significant (p > 0.05) difference among the four LGAs and of the 1,208 sera tested, 51.9% had detectable antibodies to NDV but only 14.1% of the chickens had HI antibody titre of > 4log2 which was considered as protective. About 86.2% of the chickens sampled were at risk of suffering from clinical ND. Newcastle disease outbreaks occurred year round in the villages sampled with the highest incidence of 86.6% observed from November to March (Dry season) and September to October, 8.31% (Pre-dry season). During outbreaks of ND, infected birds exhibit the following major clinical signs; nervous signs (32.4%), weakness (16.6%), whitish/greenish diarrhea (16.2%), coughing/sneezing 13.6%, anorexia 9.39% and others 11.8%. It was concluded that the prevalence of ND in the four LGAs of Plateau State is high. At the time of the study over 80% of rural chickens in Plateau State were at risk of dying from ND when exposed to a virulent NDV. It is therefore recommended that vaccination and improved management practices as a means of prevention against ND before the period of outbreaks should be instituted.

Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

U. Musa, P.A. Abdu, I.I. Dafwang, J.U. Umoh, L. Sa`idu, U.M. Mera and J.A. Edache, 2009. Seroprevalence, Seasonal Occurrence and Clinical Manifestation of Newcastle Disease in Rural Household Chickens in Plateau State, Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science, 8: 200-204.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2009.200.204



1:  Abdu, P.A., U.M. Mera and L. Saidu, 1992. A study on chicken mortality in Zaria Nigeria. Proceedings of the 19th World's Poultry Congress, Sept. 20-24, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp: 151-152

2:  Adu, F.D.U. and B. Sokale, 1986. The immunological status of Nigerian local chickens. Trop. Vet., 24: 149-152.

3:  Allan, W.H. and R.E. Gough, 1974. A standard haemagglutination inhibition test for Newcastle disease. (1). A comparison of macro and micro methods. Vet. Record, 95: 120-123.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Alders, R. and P.B. Spradbrow, 2001. Controlling newcastle in village chicken. Field Manual Aust. Center Int. Agric. Res. Monograph, 82: 37-37.

5:  Alexander, D.J., 1997. Newcastle Disease and other Avian Paramyxoviridae Infections. In: Diseases of Poultry, Calnek, B.W., H.J. Barnes, C.W. Beard, I.R. McDougnald and Y.M. Saif (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA., pp: 541-547

6:  Bell, J.G., 1992. Newcastle disease in village chickens in North, West and Central Africa. Proceedings of the International Workshop Held in Kaula Lumpur, Malaysia, Oct. 6-10, Centre for International Agriculture Research ACIAR, Canberra, pp: 142-143

7:  Bell, J.G. and S. Mouloudi, 1988. A reservoir of virulent newcastle disease virus in village chicken flocks. Preventive Vet. Med., 6: 37-42.
Direct Link  |  

8:  Ezeokoli, C.D., J.U. Umoh, A.A. Adesiyun and P.A. Abdu, 1984. Prevalence of newcastle disease virus antibodies in local and exotic chickens under different management systems in Nigeria. Bull. Anim. Health Prod. Afr., 32: 253-257.

9:  Halle, P.D., J.U. Umoh, L. Saidu and P.A. Abdu, 1999. Prevalence and seasonality of Newcastle disease in Zaria, Nigeria. Trop. Vet., 17: 53-62.

10:  Mai, H.M., O.D. Ogunsola and O.L. Obasi, 2004. Serological survey of the newcastle disease and infectious bursal disease in local ducks and local guinea fowls in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. Rev. Elev. Med. Vet. Pays. Trop., 57: 41-44.
Direct Link  |  

11:  Martin, P.A.J., 1992. The epidemiology of newcastle disease in village chickens. Proceedings of the International Workshop held in Kaula Lumpur, Malaysia, Oct. 6-10, Australian Centre for International Agriculture Research (ACIAR), Canberra, pp: 40-45

12:  Minga, U.M., A. Katule, T. Maeda and J. Musasa, 1989. Potential and problems of the traditional chicken industry in Tanzania. Proceedings of the 7th Tanzania Veterinary Association Scientific Conference, Dec. 14-17, Tanzania Veterinary Association, pp: 207-215

13:  Nwanta, J.A., J.U. Umoh, P.A. Abdu, I. Ajogi and J.K. Alli-Balogun, 2006. Management of losses and Newcastle disease in rural poultry in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Nig. J. Anim. Prod., 33: 274-285.

14:  OIE, 2000. Newcastle Disease, Manual of Standard for Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines. 5th Edn., Office International des Epizootics (OIE), Paris, pp: 104-124

15:  Orajaka, L.J.E., D.F. Adene, B.M. Anene and E.A. Onuoha, 1999. Seroprevalence of Newcastle disease in local chickens from Southeast derived Savannah zone of Nigeria. Revue d'Elevage Medecine Veterinaire Pays Tropicaux, 52: 185-188.
Direct Link  |  

16:  Oyewola, K.A., G.A.T. Ogundipe and O.A. Durojaiye, 1996. Seroprevalence of gumboro and newcastle disease in local chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) in Ibadan, Nigeria. Bull. Anim. Health Prod. Afr., 34: 57-59.
Direct Link  |  

17:  Saidu, L., P.A. Abdu, L.B. Tekdek, J.U. Umoh, M. Usman and S.B. Oladele, 2006. Newcastle disease in Nigeria. Niger. Vet. J., 27: 23-32.

18:  Thitisak, W., O. Janviriyasopak, R.S. Morris, S. Srihakim and R.V. Kruedener, 1988. Causes of death found in an epidemiological study of native chickens in Thai villages. Acta Vet. Scandinavica, 84: 200-202.
Direct Link  |  

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved