Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Analysis of Morphological Traits of Geographically Separated Population of Indigenous Muscovy Duck (Cairina Moschata)

D.M. Ogah
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Inter and intra specific variation among muscovy duck ecotypes from three agroecological zones of Nigeria were studied The work evaluate the morphological variation of three ecotypes ( rainforest ecotypes, humid or guinea savanna and dry savanna ecotypes) covering southern or coastal region, central and northern part of Nigeria. Twelve morphological traits including weight were considered. Significant (p<0.05) variation exist within and between ecotypes using population coefficient of variation (ANOVA) bill height had the highest coefficient of variation 79.52 while body length recorded the least variation. There are marked differences in body morphology between sexes in all the ecotypes indicating significant sexual dimorphism. Correlation between the traits were low to high. The inter specific variations in bill structure and body morphology are indication of adaptation to the environment and influence of ecological condition

Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

D.M. Ogah , 2009. Analysis of Morphological Traits of Geographically Separated Population of Indigenous Muscovy Duck (Cairina Moschata). International Journal of Poultry Science, 8: 179-182.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2009.179.182



  1. Adebambo, O., J.L. Williams, S. Blot and B. Urguhart, 1998. Genetic variation in Nigeria cattle breeds using 26 micro satellite marker. Proceedings of Silver Jubilee Annual Conference on West African Society for Animal Production, (SJACWASAP'98), ACM, New York, pp: 125-130

  2. Adedokun, S.A. and E.B. Sonaiya, 2001. Comparism of the performance of Nigeria Indigenous chicken from three agro-ecological zones. Livestock Res. Rural Dev.
    Direct Link  |  

  3. Baeza, E., J. Williams, D. Guemene and M.J. Duclos, 2001. Sexual dimorphism for growth in Muscovy ducks and changes in Insulin-like Growth Factor I (IGF-I), Growth Hormone (GH) and triiodothyronine (T3) plasma levels. Reprod. Nutr. Dev., 41: 173-179.
    CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

  4. Badyaev, A.V., G.E. Hill and L.A. Whittingham, 2001. The evolution of sexual size dimorphism in house finch. II. Population divergence in relation to local selection. Evolution, 55: 2532-2549.

  5. FLDPCs, 1992. Federal livestock department and pest control services. Annual Report 1992.

  6. Grant, P.R. and B.R. Grant, 1995. Predicting micro-evolutionary response to directional selection on heritable variation. Evolution, 49: 241-251.
    Direct Link  |  

  7. Hassan, W.A. and W.S. Mohammed, 2003. Ecotype of the Muscovy in the Northeast of Nigeria: Variation in body weight and bill length. Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria.

  8. Hauser, L., G.R. Carvalho and T.J. Pitcher, 1995. Morphological and genetic differentiation of the Africa clupeid limnothrisssa miodun 34 years after introduction to Lake Kivu. J. Biogeography, 28: 831-841.

  9. McCracken, K.G., D.C. Paton and A.D. Afton, 2000. Sexual size dimorphism of the musk duck. Wilson Bull., 112: 457-466.
    Direct Link  |  

  10. Olori, V.E., 1992. An evaluation of two ecotypes of the Nigerian Indigenous chicken. M.Sc. Thesis, OAU Ile Ife.

  11. Oluyemi, J.A., G.O. Longe and T. Songu, 1982. Requirement of the Nigeria Indigenous fowl for protein and amino acid. Ife J. Agric., 4: 105-110.

  12. Scott, N.D. and R.P. Reynolds, 1984. Phenotype variation of the Mexican duck in Mexico. Cooper Ornithol. Soc., 36: 366-374.
    Direct Link  |  

  13. Tai, C.R. and A. Rouvier, 1998. Cross breeding effect on sexual dimorphism of body weight in intergenetic hybrid obtained between Muscovy and pekin duck. Genet. Select. Evol., 30: 163-170.

  14. Teguia, A., H.M. Ngondjou, H. Defang and J. Tchoumbone, 2008. Studies of the live body weight and body characteristics of the African Muscovy duck (Caraina moschata). Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 40: 5-10.
    Direct Link  |  

  15. Wilson, R.T., 1991. Small ruminant production and small ruminant genetic resource in tropical Africa. FAO Anim. Prod. Health Paper No. 88.

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved