Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Studies on Clinical, Gross, Histopathological and Biochemical Parameters in Broiler Birds Suffered from Eimeria necatrix Infection in Aizawl District of Mizoram, India

G. Patra, T.K. Rajkhowa, M. Ayub Ali, Jully G. Tiwary and Lalhruaitluangi Sailo
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Studies were undertaken to evaluate the clinical, gross, histopathological and some biochemical parameters in broiler birds suffered from E. necatrix infection in a local broiler farm in the Aizawl district. Clinically, 20 birds out of 100 no. (aged between 4-6 weeks) showed loss of appetite, unthriftiness and bloody diarrhoea with mucus. Postmortem examination revealed anaemic pale musculature, distended small intestine with petechial haemorrhages. Similar changes were also observed in some areas of the large intestine and caecum. Histopathological examination showed severe haemorrhagic enteritis with necrosis and disintegration of glandular epithelial cells. Several schizonts were observed in the epithelial cells along with merozoites, infiltrating neutrophils and eosinophils. Biochemically, the infected broilers presented hypoglycaemia associated with a reduction in liver glycogen level. Biochemical serum analysis of coccidia infected chickens also showed a significant increase (p<0.01) in alanine amino transferase levels (2.9-245.2) and there were also changes in total protein and cholesterol level in the serum.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

G. Patra, T.K. Rajkhowa, M. Ayub Ali, Jully G. Tiwary and Lalhruaitluangi Sailo, 2009. Studies on Clinical, Gross, Histopathological and Biochemical Parameters in Broiler Birds Suffered from Eimeria necatrix Infection in Aizawl District of Mizoram, India. International Journal of Poultry Science, 8: 1104-1106.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2009.1104.1106


Akpavie, S.O., 1998. The biology, field presentation and approach to enhanced diagnosis of coccidiosis. Proceedings of the Animal Care Konsult Services/NVMA Seminar, (ACKSNS'98), Abuja, Nigeria, pp: 1-10.

Allen, P.C. and J.P. McMurtry, 1984. Changes in pancreatic hormones associated with coccidiosis. Poult. Sci., 63: 1129-1135.
Direct Link  |  

Basit, A.S., G. Rajavelu and B.M. Mauabar, 1998. Biochemical studies in experimental Eimeria necatrix infection in chickens. Indian Vet. Assoc., 75: 876-878.
Direct Link  |  

Brugere-Picoux, J., H. Brugere, I. Basset, N. Sayad, J. Vaast and J.M. Vaast, 1987. Biochimie clinique on pathologic aviaire Interet et limites der dosages enzymatiques chez la poule. Recuel Med. Vet., 163: 1091-1099.

Davis, S.F.M., 1963. Eimeria brunette and additional cause of intestinal coccidiosis in domestic fowl. Br. Vet. Rec., 75: 1-4.

Deger, Y., S. Dedo and S. Deger, 2002. Enzyme activity changes in the sera of chickens treated with coccidiostatic agents. Indian Vet. J., 79: 912-916.
Direct Link  |  

Freeman, B.M., 1970. Carbohydrate stores in chickens infected with Eimeria gtenella. Parasitology, 61: 245-251.

Freitas, F.L.C., K.S. Almeida, R.Z. Machado and C.R. Machado, 2008. Lipid and glucose metabolism of broilers(Gallus gallus domesticus) experiment infected with Eimeria acervulina. Braz. J. Poult. Sci., 10: 157-162.
Direct Link  |  

Gardinar, J.L., 1995. Severity of caecal coccidiosis infection in chicken as related to the age of the host and number of oocyst ingested. Poult. Sci., 34: 515-520.

Hirani, N.D., J.J. Hasnani, A.J. Dhami and K. Khanna, 2007. Haematobiochemical profiles of broilers affected with coccidiosis. J. Vet. Parasitol., 21: 25-28.
Direct Link  |  

Johnson, W.T., 1930. A study of Eimeria necatrix. Agric. Exp. Sta., 538: 30-33.

Kalra, C.S., B.S. Gill and H. Singh, 1996. Serum biochemical studies on interaction of aflatoxicosis and coccidiosis in poultry. Indian Vet. J., 73: 504-508.

Machado, C.M., 2002. Crescimento do Tecido Adiposo. In: Fisiologia Aviara Aplicada a Frangos de Corte, Macari, M., R.L. Furlan and E. Gonzales (Eds.). Funep/Unesp, New York, pp: 375.

Nayak, D.C. and P. Rai, 1986. Serum protein profiles in experimental coccidiosis in chicken. Indian Vet. J., 63: 117-119.

Padmavathi, P. and S.R.G. Muralidharan, 1986. Studies on the alteration in the serum metabolites during the Eimeria tenella infection in chicks. Indian Vet. J., 74: 206-209.

Panda, D.N., A. Mishra, S.C. Mishra and U.K. Mishra, 1997. Comparative haematological and clinitopathological changes between Eimeria tenella infected and supercox treated broiler birds. Indian Vet. J., 74: 206-209.

Soomro, N.M., R. Rind, A.G. Arijo and S.A. Soomro, 2001. Clinical, gross and histopathological studies of coccidial infection in chicken. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 3: 426-427.
Direct Link  |  

Tyzzer, E.F., 1929. Coccidiosis in gallinaceous birds. Am. J. Hyg., 10: 269-283.
Direct Link  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved