Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Contribution to the Flora of Fatik Mountain (Sanliurfa-Turkey)



Vagif Atamov, Mustafa Aslan, Cenap Cevheri and Esat Cetin
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The present study, is carried out around Fatik mountain which is located at the South western part of ┼×anliurfa. The highest point of the area is 700 m high Hamzan hill. As a result of the research, 162 species of 107 genus of 23 families have been determined. The families with the highest number of species are Poaceae (Graminea), Asteraceae (Compositae), Fabaceae (Leguminosae), Lamiaceae (Labiatae), Apiaceae (Umbelliferaceae) and Brassicaceae (Cruciferae). Thirty-six taxa (22%) Irano-Turanian, 34 (21.2%) Mediterranean, 4 (2.5%), Euro-Siberian and 1(0,6) Sharo-Ind─▒an geographic region elements. The remaining 85 (56.1%) taxa are multi-regional and not from a determined phytogeographic region. The life forms were determined according Raunkiaer. The number of endemic taxa is 2 (1.25%).

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Vagif Atamov, Mustafa Aslan, Cenap Cevheri and Esat Cetin, 2007. Contribution to the Flora of Fatik Mountain (Sanliurfa-Turkey) . Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 6: 1-11.

DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2007.1.11

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajps.2007.1.11

INTRODUCTION

Fatik mountain which located at the South western part of Şanliurfa. It was selected as study area since it has a peculiar steppe vegetation and less floristical attention has been paid so far as Davis (Adigüzel Aytaç, 2001) mentioned earlier. The aim of this study is therefore to contribute to the flora of the region where few floristic studies were carried out. The study area is the C7 square according to the grid system adopted by Davis. Phytogeographically located in the Irano-Turanian floristic region, extend between the longitudes of 37.2 N and 37.3 and between the latitudes 38.6 and 38.7 E.

According to the Flora of (Davis, 1965-1985; Davis et al., 1988; Güner et al., 2000) some researchers; among them Kotschy, Sintenis, Davis and Zohary have visited and gathered plant specimens from Şanlıurfa (Baytop, 2003). At the sout-east Anatolia, Some floristic investigation such as The Flora of Ziyaret Mountain in Ergani (Diyarbakir) (Taşkin unpubl. data, 1991), The Flora of Botan Stream (Uluçay) valley in Siirt (Yangin unpubl. data, 2001), The Flora of Eğil town in Diyarbakir (Şülmez unpubl. data 2003), The flora of Kaşmer daği (Şanliurfa-Turkey) (Akan et al., 2005). The Flora of Kalecik Mauntain (Aydoğdu and Akan, 2005), Flora of Karacadağ (Şanliurfa, Diyayarbakir) (Ertekin, 2002). Flora of Karkamiş Dam Reservoir area and its surrounding (Şanliurfa, Gaziantep-Turkey), Turkmen et al. (2005) have been performed recently but there has been no vegetetional research to data except for a study carried out by Zohary (1973). Some floristic and taxonomic studies were carried out around South-East Anatolia (Adigüzel and Aytaç, 2001; Aslan and Türkmen, 2001, 2003; Akan et al., 2005; Erteki and Saya, 1997; Ertekin, 1999, 2002; Kaynak and Ketenoğlu, 1980, 1986; Kaynak, 1987, 1989a, b; Malyer, 1981, 1983; Türkmen et al., 2002, 2005; Yildirimli ş, 1992, 1994; Yildiz and Aktoklu, 1996), but no regular floristic study has been performed in our research area, Fatik mountain. That’s why, the aim of this study was to determine the flora of Fatik mountain and to determine the endemic and rarer plant species. In addition, South East Anatolia is one of the little known or unknown regions of Turkey (Davis, 1975; Çirpici, 1987; Donner, 1990). So, area of the present study is included in the little known area. With these objectives, it was expected to contribute to the flora of Şanliurfa planned to be written in future.

The study area, Fatik mountain, is located in the Irano-Turanian phytogeographic region and is situated in the C7 square and completely located within the province of şanliurfa. The Fatik mountain is located on the South West of the Şanlıurfa and it constitutes from three hills. It is very close to steppe hill and it is an important region to represent the floristic composition of the province. The altitude is between 550 and 700 m.

There are three hilly area and a town around the research area. Generally settlements are dense at the foot of the hilly area. The town is mezra; the villages in and around the research area are Köprü hilly area, Dümenti hilly area and Mezra hilly area ( Fig. 1).

Climate: The research area has a semiarid mediterranean climate. According to Emberger the precipitation-temperature coefficient (Q) is 42.94 (Akman, 1990). Annual mean temperature is 18.7°C.

Image for - Contribution to the Flora of Fatik Mountain (Sanliurfa-Turkey)
Fig. 1: Geographic map of study area

Image for - Contribution to the Flora of Fatik Mountain (Sanliurfa-Turkey)
Fig. 2: Ombrothermic diagram of Şanliurfa, Turkey

The maximum mean temperature (M) is 46.8°C, in July. The minimum mean temperature (m) is -6.8°C, in February. Annual rainfall is about 457.8 mm (Meteorological Bulletin, 1994) and the seasonal precipitation regime is Winter, Spring, Autumn and Summer. This is the first variant of the East Mediterranean precipitation regime. The ombrothermic diagram shows dry and rainy period ( Fig. 2).

MATERIALS AND METHODS

To constitute study material, 251 plant specimens were gathered from Fatik mountain between 2003 and 2005 during different vegetation seasons. A collector number was given and the specimens were dried according to the standard herbarium methods. The Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands (Davis, 1965-1985; Davis, 1988; Güner et al., 2000; IUCN Species Survival Commission, 2001) were used to identify the plant samples. The flora is listed in the appendix. The list of plants is set out according to the order in the Flora of Turkey. In the floristic list of this article, the following details are given: family name, species name and the author (s), the name of district, habitat of plant, altitude, collection date, collector number, endemism and the phytogeographic region element.

The endemic species were categorized according to IUCN Red data categories (Ekim et al., 2000; IUCN Species Survival Commission, 2001). These abbreviations are given below:

VU-Vulnerable; LC-Least concern; DD-Data deficient.

The area is completely within C7 grid square an Şanliurfa province, so C7 Şanlıurfa has been omitted from the citations.

The following abbreviations are used in the text:

Image for - Contribution to the Flora of Fatik Mountain (Sanliurfa-Turkey)

The plant samples collected from the region were kept in the herbarium of Harran University, Şanlıurfa.

Vegetation: In the research area, steppe vegetation is characterised by Fabaceae, Asteraceae and Poaceae members. Triticum, Hordeum, Aegilops, Anthemis, Achillea, Centaurea, Lathyrus, Trifolium, Trigonella and Medicago genera are dominated in the study field.

Ficus carica L., Amygdalus lycioides Spach. var. lycioides, Crataegus aronia var. aronia (L.) Bosc. ex DC., Crataegus monogyna Jacq. subsp. monogyna are some trees and shrubs that are spread at intervals.

There are some cultivated fields around the mountain, mainly pistacio, olive, grape and walnut are grown in these fields. The agriculture is based on cereal, essentially wheat and lentil. Moreover, some vegetables are grown, such as tomato, pepper, eggplant. At the same time, pistacio is produced.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

This study was carried out using 251 plant specimens collected over a period of 2 years. As a result of the identification of the plant specimens, 23 families, 107 genera and 163 taxa (subs. and var. included) were determined from the area. All species are in the subdivision Angiospermae. One hundred and thirty-nine taxa belong to the class Dicottyledones and 24 belong to the class Monocotyledones.

Thirty-six taxa (22.5%) are Irano-Turanian, 34 (21.2%) Mediterranean 4 (2.5% ) Euro-Siberian and 1 (0.6%) Sharo-Indian Pytogeographic region element. Eighty-eight taxa (53.1%) are distributed in at least two Pytogeographic region, their Pytogeographic regions have not been determined. The effect of the Mediterranean and Irano-Turanian Pytogeographic regions are seen in the Fatik mountain even thought it is located in the transition zone of the Irano-Turanian and Pytogeographic regions are seen in the Irano-Turanian and Mediterranean Pytogeographic region (Davis, 1975; Gemici, 1993). The ratio of the Mediterranean Pytogeographic region elements is the lowest in all studies, except for Fatik mountain in which the number of Euro-Siberian-origin taxa is the highest although it is very far from the Euro-Siberian region (Table 1). The distributions of the taxa in the Pytogeographic regions are compared with the taxa in the neighbouring areas and are given in (Table 1). The effects of the Irano-Turanian Pytogeographic region become less away from East Anatolia and the effects of the Mediterranean region increase, thought not in Fatik mountain.

Table 1: A comparison of the phytogeographic elements
Image for - Contribution to the Flora of Fatik Mountain (Sanliurfa-Turkey)
Fat.: Fatik Mountain; Krd.: Flora of Karacadağ(Şanliurfa, Diyayarbakir); Kal.: Flora of Kalecik Mountain (Şanliurfa); Kar.: Flora of Karkamiş Dam Reservoir area and its surrounding (Şanlıurfa, Gaziantep-Turkey); Cey.: Flora of Ceylanpinar State Farm (Şanliurfa-Turkey)

Palaeopalynologic data shows that Anatolia had a dense vegetation cover in the last interglacial period. In this period, some species of Mediterranean origin migrated into the prepontic part of the Mediterrian sea mountains (Toros mountains). These species in the last glacial period were shielded in the tectonic valleys and on the sloppes, exposed to the south, to protect themselves from the cool climate (Gemici, 1993) these changes are clearly seen in Fatik mountain.

Poaceae is the largest family with 31 taxa in the research area. The other large families are Asteraceae (26 taxa ), Fabacea (22), Lamiaceae (12), Apiaceae (12), Brassicaceae (10), Liliaceae (9), Caryophlaceae (8) and Rosaceae (4 taxa). In this study, Rosaceae, which is not among the largest ten familias in the Flora of Turkey, is found in the first ten because the plants with a shrub form are common in this area. Also, some families which have perrennial species grown on the rocky areas are represented by more species (Table 2).

Astragalus L., Verbascum L. and Centaurea L. are larger genera in the Flora of Turkey. Astragalus is the sixt and Centaurea the nine largers, genus in this study area and Verbascum is not seen in the firs ten floristic list (Appendix). There are large differences in the number of taxa between the Flora of Turkey and this study area. The differences are because of geologic, geomorphologic, climatic, phytogeographic, geographic and adaphic features. Especially, Centaurea and Verbascum are localised on steppes in the central and eastern parts of Anatolia. In this area, the steppe and rocky place area is very large. Therefore, the number of species from these genera is restricted. The genus Verbascum, Which is the largest genus in the second genus in the Flora of Turkey, is not seen in the first ten floristic list because this area is stony and bears features of the Mediterranean microclimate (Davis, 1965-1985; Davis et al., 1988; Ekim and Güner, 1986; Ekim, et al., 2000).

Bromus (7 taxa), Trifolium (6), Medicago (5), Hordeum (4), and which grow in rocky places, are the most common genera in the Fatik mountain. However in the neighboring areas, Astragalus is the largest genus.

Table 2: Comparison of large families in the Fatik mauntain and neighboring
Image for - Contribution to the Flora of Fatik Mountain (Sanliurfa-Turkey)

Table 3: The rate of endemism in compared research
Image for - Contribution to the Flora of Fatik Mountain (Sanliurfa-Turkey)

Table 4: The life form of plants investigated area
Image for - Contribution to the Flora of Fatik Mountain (Sanliurfa-Turkey)

Two out of the 162 taxa are endemic in the research area. The rate of endemism is lower in the areas that are completely in the transition zone (Table 3). This is because the taxa found in these areas are widespread and grow in more than one phytogeographic region.

This study will help in bringing about a better understanding of the flora of Turkey in the future.

According to IUCN Red Data Book Categories (IUCN Species Survival Commission, 2000; Ekim et al, 2000) Gypsophila antari, Eminium rauwolffii var. kotschyi, Secale sylvestre and *Hypericum capitatum var. capitatum are VU; Medicago truncatula var. truncatula is DD and *Centaurea consanguinea is LC. These species occur in clearings of the cultivated lands. These places are under over grazing. The area is one of richest places for wheat and edible legumes genetic resources. Some cultivated plants such as: Triticum durum Desf., Triticum turgidum L., Lens culinaris Medik originated Near East Gene center.

Taxa can also be classified in their life forms. Raunkier’s life form spectrum acts as indicator of the climate or region (Raunkiar, 1934). The life form of the taxa according to Raunkiar are given Table 4.

Table 4 shows that, 107 (67.8%) of species are Therophyte 36 (21.5%) Hemicryptophyte, Chamaephyte 8 (4.9%), Geophyte 8 (4.9%) and Phanerophyte 4 (2.4%).

The number of Therophyte is quite in the area, Which can be explained by the climate and topography of the area. Phanerophyte in shrub form are widespread in the study area because of the effects of the area microclimate.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We would like to thank the Research Found of Harran University (HUBAK) for its financial support. The comments and suggestion Research assistant Arif Parmaksız. and Mahmut YAVUZ (Harran University) is also much appreciated.

APPENDIX

All the taxa were written in same order as in the Flora of Turkey. A list of the vascular plant taxa identified from Fatik mountain are given below:

Spermatophyta
Angiospermae
Dicotyledones
Ranunculaceae

Adonis aestivalis L. subsp. aestivalisL.: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village 2 km E., 568 m, steppe, 10.03.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1077

Anemone coronoria L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Koçören village 1 km W, 600 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, G., Atamov et al., 1197

Ranunculus arvensis L.: C7 Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 568 m, steppe, 10.03.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1196

Papaveraceae
Hypecoum imberbe Sibth. and Sm:
C7: Fatik mountain, Koçören village, 600 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1198

Hypecoum pendulum L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 600 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1104

Roemeria hybrida (L.) D.C.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 600 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1118

Brassicaceae
Biscutella didyma L.:
C7: Fatik mountain, Altun arable field, 500 m, steppe, 05.06.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1027

Camelina hispida Boiss. var. hispida Boiss: C7: Fatik mountain, Koçören village, 600 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1121

Clypeola lappacea Boiss: C7: Fatik mountain, Koçören village 1 km E., 600 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, Th., Ir.-Tur. el. Atamov et al., 1315

Hymenolobus procumbens (L.) Nutt. Ex Torrey and Gray: C7: Fatik mountain, Koçören village, 600 m, steppe, 10.03.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1107

Hirschfeldia incana (L.) Lag.-Foss: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 600 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1112

Isatis cochlearis Boiss: C7 Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 568 m, steppe, 10.03.2004, H., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1127

Lepidium ruderale L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 600 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1322

Malcolmia crenulata (D.C.) Boiss: C7 Fatik mountain, Ikizce village 1 km W., 568 m, steppe, 10.03.2004, H., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1124

Sinapis arvensis L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Altun arable field, 500 m, steppe, 05.06.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1116

Thlaspi perfoliatum L.: C7 Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 568 m, steppe, 10.03.2004, H., Atamov et al., 1125

Caryophyllaceae
Arenaria leptoclodos (Reichb.) Guss:
C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 600 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1226

Dianthus pallens Sibth and Sm. var. oxylepis Boiss: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 600 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Atamov et al., 1227

Gypsophila antari Post and Beaurverd VU: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill 1 km.E., 622 m., steppe, 05.05.2003, Th., Sah.-Arab. el. Atamov et al., 1224

Holosteum umbellatum L. var. umbellatumL.: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1122

Minuartia hybrida (Vill.) Schischk. subsp. turcica Mcneill: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1169

Silene coniflora Nees: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1120

Stellaria media (L.) Vill. subsp. pallida(Dumort.) Aschers. and Graebn: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 600 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1233

Velezia rigida L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 600 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1236

Illecebraceae
Herniaria glabra L.:
C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1313

Polygonaceae
Rumex bucephalophorus L.:
C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 600 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1318

Malvaceae
Althea officinalis L.:
C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 600 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1102

Geraniaceae
Erodium cicutarium (L.) L`Herit. subsp. cicutarium (L.) L`Herit:
C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 600 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1070

Fabaceae
Astragalus asterias Stev. ex. Ledeb:
C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1256

Astragalus hamosus L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill 1 km E., 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1257

Astragalus strictifolius Boiss. var. strictifolius Boiss: C7: Fatik mountain, Koçören village, 600 m, steppe, 10.03.2004, Ch., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1260

Hippocrepis unisiliguoasa L. subsp. unisiliguoasa L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 600 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1273

Hymenocarpus circinnatus (L.) Savi: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village 3 km W., 600 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, Th., Medit el., Atamov et al., 1280

Lathyrus cicera L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, stony place, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1293

Medicago arabica (L.) Huds: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 600 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1279

Medicago constricta Dur: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village 1 km E., 568 m, steppe, 10.03.2004, Th., Medit et al.; Atamov, 1299

Medicago minima (L.) Bart. var. minima(L.) Bart: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, stony place, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1283

Medicago rigidula (L.) All.var. rigidula(L.) All: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, stony place, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1299

Medicago truncatula Gaertn. var. truncatula: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village 3 km W., 500 m, stony place, 27.05.2004, Th., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1284

Onobrychis caput-galli (L.) Lam: C7: Fatik mountain, Koçören village, 600 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, Th., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1282

Trifolium boissieri Guss. Ex Boiss: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, stony place, 29.04.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1276

Trifolium campestre Schreb: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village 1 km W., 500 m, stony place, 27.05.2004, Th., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1290

Trifolium scabrum L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, stony place, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1287

Trifolium speciosum Willd: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, stony place, 29.04.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1261

Trifolium stellatum L. var. stellatum: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, stony place, 29.04.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1263

Trifolium tomentosum L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, stony place, 29.04.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1271

Trigonella monspeliaca L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, stony place, 29.04.2004, Th., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1286

Trigonella spicata Sibth. and Sm.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, stony place, 29.04.2004, Th., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1264

Vicia peregrina L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1298

Vicia villosa Roth subsp. villosa Roth: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1258

Rosaceae
Amygdalus lycioides Spach. var. lycioides:
C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 500 m, steppe, 26.05.2003, Ph., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1129

Crataegus aronia var. aronia (L.) Bosc. ex DC.: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village 2 km E, 500 m., steppe, 26.05.2003, Ph, Atamov et al., 1131

Crataegus monogyna Jacq. subsp. monogyna: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 500 m, steppe, 26.05.2003, Ph., Atamov et al., 1134

Sanguisorba minor Scop. subsp. lasiocarpa(Boiss. and Hausskn.) Nordb: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, stony place, 29.04.2004, H., Atamov et al., 1110

Crassulaceae
Sedum caespitosum (Cav.) D.C.:
C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, stony place, 29.04.2004, Th., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1324

Sedum nanum Boiss: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village 3 km W., 500 m, stony place, 29.04.2004, Th., Ir-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1254

Apiaceae
Ainsworthia trachycarpa Boiss:
C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Medit. el., Atamoi et al., 1242

Biforia radians Bieb: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m., steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1202

Biforia testiculata (L.) Sprengel ex Schultes: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1199

Bupleurum gerardii All: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1203

Eryngium creticum Lam: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1253

Lagoeicia cuminoides L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1180

Orlaya daucoides (L.) Greuter: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.04.2004, Th., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1250

Scandix australis L. subsp. grandiflora(L.) Thell: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 29.04.2004, Th, Atamov et al., 1251

Scandix pecten-veneris L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 29.04.2004, Th, Atamov et al., 1252

Tordylium syriacum L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill 2 km E., 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, Th., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1200

Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link subsp. arvensis(Huds.) Link: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 29.04.2004, H., Atamov et al., 1246

Torilis leptophylla (L.) Reichb: C7: Fatik mountain, Küçük Güneş vilage, 550 m, steppe, 23.06.2003, H., Atamov et al., 1244

Torilis tenella (Delile) Reichb: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.04.2004, H., Atamov et al., 1247

Valerianaceae
Valerianella echinata (L.) D.C.:
C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, Th., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1307

Valerianella pumila (L.) D.C.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1302

Dipsacaceae
Scabiosa argentea L. :
C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 500 m, steppe, 26.05.2003, H., Atamov et al., 1325

Scabiosa calocephala Boiss: C7: Fatik mountain, Altun arable field, 500 m, steppe, 05.06.2003, Th., Ir.-Tur. el. Atamov et al., 1306

Cephalaria syriaca (L.) Schrader: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1311

Knautia integrifolia (L.) Bert. var. bidens(Sm.) Borbas: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m., steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1309

Asteraceae
Achillea vermicularis Trin:
C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al.,. 1223.

Anthemis haussknechtii Boiss. and Reuter: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, Th., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1163

Carduus pycnocephalus L. subsp. albidus (Bieb.) Kazmi: C7: Fatik mountain, Koçören village, 600 m., steppe, 29.04.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1145

Carduus pycnocephalus L. subsp. breviphyllarius Davis: C7: Fatik mountain, Koçören village 1 km W., 600 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1142

Carlina vulgaris L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, H., Atamov et al., 1144

Centaurea consanguinea D.C.: C7: Fatik mountain, Altun arable field, 500 m, steppe, 05.06.2003, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., End., Atamov et al., 1156

Centaurea solstitialis L.subsp. solstitialis L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 500 m, steppe, 26.05.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1176

Cichorium glandulosum Boiss. and Huet: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 500 m, steppe, 26.05.2003, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1137

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. subsp. vestitum (Wimmer and Grab.) Petrak: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 500 m, steppe, 26.05.2003, H., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1139

Crepis foetida L. subsp. rhoeadifolia (Bieb.) Celak: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, H., Atamov et al., 1140

Crepis reuterana Boiss. subsp. reuteranaBoiss: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1181

Crepis sancta (L.) Babcock: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1175

Crupina crupinastrum (Moris) Vis: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1169

Echinops microcephalus Sm.: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village 1 km W., 700 m, steppe, 26.05.2003, Th., Medit el. Atamov et al., 1138

Gundelia tournefortii L. var. armata Freyn and Sint: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1179

Hedypnois cretica (L.) Dum.-Cours: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Medit el, Atamov et al., 1182, Akd.

Leontodon crispus Vill. subsp. asper(Waldst. and Kit.) Rohl. var. setolosus(Hal.) Kupicha: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Atamov et al., 1185

Picnomon acarna (L.) Cass: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Medit el., Atamov et al., 1177

Pulicaria vulgaris (L.) Gaertner: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Eur.-Sib. el., Atamov et al., 1159

Rhagadiolus angulosus (Jaub. and Spach) Kupicha: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1173

Santolina chamaecyparissus L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, Ch., Medit el., Atamov et al., 1133

Scorzonera kotshyi Boiss: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, H., Medit el., Atamov et al., 1161

Senecio vulgaris L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 700 m, steppe, 10.03.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1164

Tragopogon longirostris Bisch ex Schultz var. longirostris Bisch ex Schultz: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village 1 km E., 500 m, steppe, 26.05.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1186

Xanthium strumarium L. subsp. strumarium L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1168

Xeranthemum annuum L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, Th., Medit el., Atamov et al., 1162

Convolvulaceae
Convolvulus arvensis L.:
C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Ch., Atamov et al., 1079

Convolvulus cantabrica L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Ch., Atamov et al., 1088

Boraginaceae
Lappula barbata (Bieb.) Gürke:
C7: Fatik mountain, Koçören village, 600 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, H., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1316

Scrophulariaceae
Scrophularia canina L. subsp. bicolor(Sm.) Greuter:
C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Medit el., Atamov et al., 1097

Verbascum kotschyi Boiss. and Hohen: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 500 m, steppe, 10.03.2004, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1399

Veronica beccabunga L. subsp. beccabunga L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 500 m., steppe, 10.03.2004, H., Atamov et al., 1320

Lamiaceae
Lamium macrodon Boiss. and Huet:
C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 500 m, steppe, 13.03.2004, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1197

Marrubium vulgare L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Medit el., Atamov et al., 1194

Marrubium parviflorum Fish. and Mey. subsp. parviflorum Fish. and Mey.: C7: Fatik mountain, Altun field, 500 m, steppe, 05.06.2003, H., Ir.-Tur.el., Atamov et al., 1213

Phlomis bruguieri Desf: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, H., Ir.-Tur. el, Atamov et al., 1474

Phlomis kurdica Rech. Fil: C7: Fatik mountain, Altun field 3 km E., 500 m, steppe, 05.06.2003, H., Ir.-Tur.el., Atamov et al., 1215

Salvia sclarea L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Atamov et al., 1189

Satureja hortensis L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Altun field, 500 m, steppe, 05.06.2003, H., Atamov et al., 1206

Scutellaria tomentosa Bertol: C7: Fatik mountain, Altun field, 500 m, steppe, 05.06.2003, H., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1190

Teucrium polium L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Atamov et al., 1193

Teucrium parviflorum Schreber: C7: Fatik mountain, Altun arable field, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1211

Thymbra spicata L. var. spicata L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Altun arable field, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Ch., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1207

Ziziphora capitata L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Koçören village, 600 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1208

Euphorbiaceae
Euphorbia characias L. subsp. wullfenii (Hoppe ex W. Koch.) A.R. Smith:
C7: Fatik mountain, Altun arable field, 500 m, steppe, 05.06.2003, H., Medit el., Atamov et al., 1069

Euphorbia denticulata Lam: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1067.

Euphorbia szovitsii Fisch. and Mey. var. szovitsiiFisch. and Mey: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, H., Ir.-Tur. el, Atamov et al., 1065

Moraceae
Ficus carica L. subsp. carica (All.) Schinz and Thell:
C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 568 m, steppe, 13.03.2004, Ph., Atamov et al., 1265

Rubiaceae
Galium scabriflorum (Boiss.) Hausskn:
C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1237

Guttiferae
Hypericum capitatum Choisy var. capitatum Choisy:
C7: Fatik mountain, Altun arable field, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Ir.-Tur. el., End., Atamov et al., 1201.

Linaceae
Linum pubescens Banks and Sol. subsp. pubescens:
C7: Fatik mountain, Altun arable field, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Medit el., Atamov et al., 1200

Monocotyledones (liliopsida)
Araceae
Eminium rauwolffii (Blume) Schortt var. kotschyi (Boiss.) Busch:
C7: Fatik mountain, Koçören village 2 km E., 600 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, G., Ir.Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1092

Liliaceae
Allium flavum L. subsp. tauricum (Besser ex Reichb.) Stearn var. tauricum:
C7 C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, G., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1091

Allium stamineum Boiss: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 500 m, steppe, 03.04.2004, G., Medit el., Atamov et al., 1093

Asphodelus aestivus Brot: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Ch, Medit.. el., Atamov et al., 1170

Gagea luteoides Staph: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 500 m, steppe, 10.03.2004, G., Atamov et al., 1095

Hyacinthella nervosa (Bertol.) Chouard: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 500 m, steppe, 03.04.2004, G., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1094

Urginea maritima (L.) Baker: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, G., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1090

Muscari comosum (L.) Miller: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, G., Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1180

Poaceae
Aegilops biuncialis Vis:
C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1030

Aegilops cylindirica Host: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1011

Aegilops geniculata Roth: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village 1 km W., 700 m, steppe, Th., 26.05.2004, Medit. el., Atamov et al., 1031

Alopecurus myosuroides Hudson var. myosuroides Hudson: C7: Fatik mountain, Altun arable field, 500 m, steppe, 05.06.2003, Th., Eur.-Sib el., Atamov et al., 1058

Arrhenatherum kotschyi Boiss: C7: Fatik mountain, Altun field, 500 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, Ch., Ir.-Tur.el., Atamov et al., 1064

Avena eriantha Durieu: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al. 1020

Avena sterilis L. subsp. sterilis L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al.1022

Bromus danthoniae Trin: C7: Fatik mountain, Altun arable field 500 m, steppe, 05.06.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1039

Bromus japonicus Thunb. subsp. japonicus Thunb: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 29.04.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1038

Bromus rubens L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1043

Bromus squarrosus L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1040

Bromus sterilis L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1046

Bromus tectorum L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Koçören vilage, 600 m, steppe, 29.04.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1047

Bromus scoparius L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1037

Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. var. villosus (L.) Pers: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Atamov et al., 1001

Cynosurus echinatus L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Medit. el., Atamov et al. 1014

Echinaria capitata (L.) Desf: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1006

Eremopyrum bonaepartis (Sprengel) Nevski subsp. bonaepartis (Sprengel) Nevski: C7: Fatik mountain, Ikizce village, 500 m, steppe, 13.03.2004, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1034

Festuca callieri (Hackel ex St.-Yves.) F. Markgraf Apud Hayek subsp. callieri: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, H., Atamov et al., 1017

Hordeum bulbosum L.: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Ch., Atamov et al., 1026

Hordeum geniculatum All: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Eur.-Sib. el., Atamov et al., 1016

Hordeum murinum L. subsp. glaucum (Steudfel) Tzvelev: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1203

Hordeum spontaneum C. Koch: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1017

Lolium multiflorum Lam: C7: Fatik mountain, Altun arable field, 500 m, steppe, 05.06.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1013

Lolium persicum Boiss. and Hohen ex Boiss: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1115

Lolium rigidum Gaudin var. rigidumGaudin: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1204

Phleum phleoides (L.) Karsten: C7: Fatik mountain, Altun arable field, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Eur.-Sib. el., Atamov et al., 1202

Secale sylvestre Host: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Atamov et al., 1133

Stipa holosericea Trin: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, H., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1128

Taeniatherum caput-medusae (L.) Nevski subsp. crinitum (Schreber) Melderis: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1259

Vulpia ciliata Dumort subsp. ciliata Dumort: C7: Fatik mountain, Hamzan hill, 622 m, steppe, 05.05.2003, Th., Atamov et al., 1098

Vulpia persica (Boiss. and Buhse) V. Kreez and Bobrov: C7: Fatik mountain, Uğurlu village, 500 m, steppe, 27.05.2004, Th., Ir.-Tur. el., Atamov et al., 1163

REFERENCES

1:  Adiguzel, N. and Z. Aytac, 2001. Flora of ceylanpınar state farm (Sanlıurfa-Turkey). Flora. Mediterr., 11: 333-361.

2:  Akman, Y., 1990. Climate and Bioclimate Palme Yayinlari. Muhendislik, Serisi, pp: 103

3:  Akan, H., O.F. Kaya, I. Eker and C. Cevheri, 2005. The flora of Kaomer mauntain (Oanliurfa-Turkey). Turk. J. Bot., 29: 291-310.

4:  Aslan, M. and N. Turkmen, 2001. New floristic records for C7 grid square. Ot Sist. Bot. J., 8: 69-73.
Direct Link  |  

5:  Aslan, M. and N. Turkmen, 2003. New floristic records for squares C6 and C7 from Turkey. Ot Sist. Bot. J., 10: 163-168.
Direct Link  |  

6:  Aydodu, M. and H. Akan, 2005. The flora of Kalecik mountain (Oanl2urfa-Turkey). Turk. J. Bot., 29: 155-174.
Direct Link  |  

7:  Baytop, A., 2003. The Research of History of Botany in Turkey. Istanbul Cetin Matbaacilik, Turkey

8:  Cirpici, A., 1987. Turkey's flora and vegetation on the work. Doğa Turk Bot. Derg., 11: 217-232.

9:  Davis, P.H., 1975. Present state of floristic knowledge. Coll Int. CNRS, 235: 93-113.

10:  Davis, P.H., 1965-1985. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Vol. 1-9, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh

11:  Davis, P.H., R.R. Mill and K. Tan, 1988. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Vol. 10, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh

12:  Donner, J., 1990. Verbreitungskarten zu P.H. Davis flora of Turkey 1-10. Linzer Biol. Beitr, 22: 381-515.

13:  Ekim, T. and A. Guner, 1986. The anatolian diagonal: Fact of fiction. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburg 89B, (RSE'86), California, pp: 69-77

14:  Ekim, T., M. Koyuncu, M. Vural, H. Duman, Z. Aytac and N. Adiguzel, 2000. Red Data Book of Turkish Plants (Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta). Turkish Assosation for the Conservation of Nature, Ankara, Turkey

15:  Ertekin, A.S. and O. Saya, 1997. New floristic records for the various squares from the fabaceae. Turk. J. Bot., 21: 187-189.

16:  Ertekin, A.S., 1999. New floristic records for the grid squares C7 and C8 in Turkey from the fabaceae. Turk. J. Bot., 23: 413-414.
Direct Link  |  

17:  Ertekin, A.S., 2002. Plant diversity of karacada-mauntain. Ankara, pp: 170.

18:  Gemici, Y., 1993. The flora and vegetation of Turkey from tersiyer to today. Turk. J. Bot., 17: 221-226.

19:  Guner, A., N. Ozhatay, T. Ekim and K.H.C. Baser, 2000. Flora of Turkey and The East Aegean Islands. Vol. 11, Edinburg University Press, Edinburg, ISBN-10: 0748614095

20:  IUCN Species Survival Commission, 2001. IUCN red list categories and criteria. Proceedings of the 51st Meeting of the IUCN Council, Version 3.1 Switzerland: Gland.

21:  Kaynak, G. and O. Ketenolu, 1980. New fern specimens in South East Anatolian region. Ist. Univ. Fen. Fak. Mec. Seri B, 45: 199-202.

22:  Kaynak, G. and O. Ketenolu, 1986. New floristic records from urfa and diyarbakir provinces, SE of Turkey. Willdenowia, 16: 79-86.
Direct Link  |  

23:  Kaynak, G., 1987. New floristic records for the some grid squares in Turkey. Turk. J. Bot., 11: 118-123.

24:  Kaynak, G., 1989. Contribution to the flora of Karacada-(Urfa and Diyarbakir Provinces). Turk. J. Bot., 13: 376-397.

25:  Kaynak, G., 1989. The ecological and corological studies on pteridophyta in diyarbakir and surrouindings. Turk. J. Bot., 13: 437-451.

26:  Malyer, H., 1981. The corologic studies on geofits which belong to iridaceae family in diyarbakir. Doa Bilim Derg Temel B, 6: 17-20.

27:  Malyer, H., 1983. The corologic studies on geofits which belong to liliaceae and iridaceae family in.Karacada-(between Diyarbakir and Urfa). Doa Bilim Derg, Seri C, 7: 279-288.

28:  Meteorological Bulletin, 1994. T.C. BaObakanlik devlet meteoroloji ioleri genel mudurlu-u. AraOtirma ve Bilgi IOlme Dairesi BaOkanlii. Ankara.

29:  Raunkiaer, C., 1934. The List Form of Plants and Statistical Plant Geography. Oxford University Press, Oxford

30:  Turkmen, N., M. Aslan and A. Duzenli, 2002. New records for the various squares in the flora of Turkey. Ot. Sist. Bot. Derg., 9: 63-68.
Direct Link  |  

31:  Turkmen, N., M. Aslan and A. Duzenli, 2005. Floristic characteristics of the Karkamis dam reservior area and its surroundings (Gaziantep-Şanlıurfa, Turkey). J. Biodiversity Conservat., 14: 2291-2297.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

32:  Yildirimli, O., 1992. New records for the various squares in the flora of Turkey. Turk. J. Bot., 16: 207-214.

33:  Yildirimli, O., 1994. New records from brassicaceae family in the various squares in the flora of Turkey. Turk. J. Bot., 18: 389-392.

34:  Yildiz, B. and E. Aktoklu, 1996. New floristic records from C7 square (Malatya-Adiyaman). Turk. J. Bot., 20: 207-211.

35:  Zohary, M., 1973. Geobotanical Foundations of the Middle East. Vol. 1-2, Gustav Fisher Verlag, Stuttgart, Pages: 739

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved