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Science Alert
 
   
 
    Publisher: Science Alert
   
  Singapore Journal of Scientific Research is a quarterly, peer-reviewed international research journal that addresses both applied and theoretical issues. The scope of the journal encompasses research articles, original research reports, reviews, short communications and scientific commentaries in the fields of applied and theoretical sciences, biology, chemistry, physics, zoology, medical studies, environmental sciences, mathematics, statistics, geology, engineering, agricultural engineering, computer science, social sciences, natural sciences, technological sciences, linguistics, medicine, industrial and all other applied and theoretical sciences.

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  Editor-in-Chief:  A. K.M. Ahasanul Haque
 
 
Amruthraj, N.J., J.P.P. Raj, M.G Paulraj and L.A. Lebel, 2014. Report on micro moth Phthorimaea operculella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) infestation in Capsicum chinense Bhut Jolokia fruit. IOSR J. Agric. Vet. Sci., 7: 41-45.
Anbalagan, V., M. Gabriel Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2013. Biodiversity of predatory ladybird beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in four different crops in North-Eastern districts of Tamil Nadu, India. Int. J. Adv. Life Sci., 6: 434-439.
Anbalagan, V., M. Gabriel Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2013. Odonata diversity (Insecta: Arthropoda) in rice and vegetable fields in a North-Eastern district of Tamil Nadu, India. J. Res. Biol., 3: 977-983.
Anbalagan, V., M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2015. Biodiversity of insects in organic and chemical vegetable fields in Tiruvallur district, Tamil Nadu, India. Int. J. Pure Applied Zool., 3: 122-129.
Anbalagan, V., M.G. Paulraj, S. Ignacimuthu, K. Baskar and J. Gunasekaran, 2016. Natural enemy (Arthropoda-Insecta) biodiversity in vegetable crops in Northeastern Tamil Nadu, India. Int. Lett. Nat. Sci., 53: 28-33.
Baskar, A.A., K.S. Al Numair, M.G. Paulraj, M.A. Alsaif, M.A. Muamar and S. Ignacimuthu, 2012. β-sitosterol prevents lipid peroxidation and improves antioxidant status and histoarchitecture in rats with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced colon cancer. J. Med. Food, 15: 335-343.
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Baskar, A.A., S. Ignacimuthu, M.G. Paulraj and K.S. Al Numair, 2010. Chemopreventive potential of β-sitosterol in experimental colon cancer model-an In vitro and In vivo study. BMC Complementary Altern. Med. Vol., 10. 10.1186/1472-6882-10-24.
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Baskar, A.A., S. Ignacimuthu, M.G. Paulraj and K.S. Al Numair, 2011. Cancer chemopreventive potential of Luteolin-7-O-Glucoside isolated from Ophiorrhiza mungos Linn. Nutr. Cancer, 63: 130-138.
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Baskar, K., S. Kingsley, S.E. Vendan, M.G. Paulraj, V. Duraipandiyan and S. Ignacimuthu, 2009. Antifeedant, larvicidal and pupicidal activities of Atalantia monophylla (L) correa against Helicoverpa armigera Hubner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Chemosphere, 75: 355-359.
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Chakkaravarthy, V.M., T. Ambrose, S. Vincent, R. Arunachalam, M.G. Paulraj, S. Ignacimuthu and G. Annadurai, 2011. Bioefficacy of Azadirachta indica (A. juss) and Datura metel (Linn.) leaves extracts in controlling Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Entomol., 8: 191-197.
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Chellappandian, M., P. Pandikumar, S. Mutheeswaran, M. Gabriel Paulraj and S. Prabakaran et al., 2014. Documentation and quantitative analysis of local ethnozoological knowledge among traditional healers of Theni district, Tamil Nadu, India. J. Ethnopharmacol., 154: 116-130.
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Daniel Reegan, A., M. Rajiv Gandhi, M. Gabriel Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2014. Larvicidal activity of medicinal plant extracts against Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes aegypti L. mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). Int. J. Pure Applied Zool., 2: 205-210.
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Daniel Reegan, A., R. Vinoth Kannan, M. Gabriel Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2014. Synergistic effects of essential oil-based cream formulations against Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Asia-Pacific Entomol., 17: 327-331.
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Daniel Reegan, A., V.A. Kinsalin, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2013. Larvicidal, ovicidal, and repellent activities of marine sponge Cliona celata (Grant) extracts against Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae). ISRN Entomol., Vol. 2013. .
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Darvin, S.S., S. Esakkimuthu, E. Toppo, K. Balakrishna and M.G. Paulraj et al., 2018. Hepatoprotective effect of lawsone on rifampicin-isoniazid induced hepatotoxicity in in vitro and in vivo models. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 61: 87-94.
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Devadass, B.J., M.G. Paulraj, S. Ignacimuthu, S.T. Agastian and N.A. Al Dhabi, 2016. Antimicrobial activity of soil actinomycetes isolated from Western Ghats in Tamil Nadu, India. J. Bacteriol. Mycol.: Open Access, Vol. 3. 10.15406/jbmoa.2016.03.00059.
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Duraipandiyan, V., S. Ignacimuthu and M.G. Paulraj, 2011. Antifeedant and larvicidal activities of Rhein isolated from the flowers of Cassia fistula L. Saudi J. Biol. Sci., 18: 129-133.
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Esakkimuthu, S., S. Mutheeswaran, S. Arvinth, M.G. Paulraj, P. Pandikumar and S. Ignacimuthu, 2016. Quantitative ethnomedicinal survey of medicinal plants given for cardiometabolic diseases by the non-institutionally trained siddha practitioners of Tiruvallur district, Tamil Nadu, India. J. Ethnopharmacol., 186: 329-342.
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Esakkimuthu, S., S.S. Darvin, S. Mutheeswaran, M.G. Paulraj, P. Pandikumar, S. Ignacimuthu and N.A. Al-Dhabi, 2018. A study on food-medicine continuum among the non-institutionally trained siddha practitioners of Tiruvallur district, Tamil Nadu, India. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed., Vol. 14. 10.1186/s13002-018-0240-9.
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Ezhil Vendan, S., S. Lingathurai, M. Gabriel Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2010. Incidence of Spodoptera litura Fab. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on Argemone mexicana Linn. (Papaveraceae). Insect Environ., 16: 20-21.
Gabriel Palulraj, M. and S. Ignacimuthu, 2005. Butterfly diversity in and around Chennai. J. Entomol. Res., 29: 345-348.
Gabriel Paulraj, M. and S. Ignacimuthu, 2005. Predatory insect fauna in mixed cropping agroecosystems in Northeastern Tamil Nadu. Insect Environ., 11: 79-82.
Gabriel Paulraj, M. and S. Ignacimuthu, 2007. Occurrence of hyperparasitism on Cotesia sp. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), an effective parasitoid of Pericallia ricini (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae). Entomon, 32: 231-234.
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Gabriel Paulraj, M. and S. Ignacimuthu, 2008. Moth fauna in parts of North-eastern Tamil Nadu, India. Insect Environ., 14: 51-53.
Gabriel Paulraj, M., N. Shanmugam and S. Ignacimuthu, 2014. Antifeedant activity and toxicity of two alkaloids from Adhatoda vasica Nees leaves against diamondback moth Plutella xylostella (Linn.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) larvae. Arch. Phytopathol. Plant Prot., 47: 1832-1840.
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Gandhi, G.R., A. Stalin, K. Balakrishna, S. Ignacimuthu, M.G. Paulraj and R. Vishal, 2013. Insulin sensitization via partial agonism of PPARγ and glucose uptake through translocation and activation of GLUT4 in PI3K/p-Akt signaling pathway by embelin in type 2 diabetic rats. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-General Subjects, 1830: 2243-2255.
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Gandhi, G.R., G. Jothi, P.J. Antony, K. Balakrishna and M.G. Paulraj et al., 2014. Gallic acid attenuates high-fat diet fed-streptozotocin-induced insulin resistance via partial agonism of PPARγ in experimental type 2 diabetic rats and enhances glucose uptake through translocation and activation of GLUT4 in PI3K/p-Akt signaling pathway. Eur. J. Pharmacol., 745: 201-216.
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Gandhi, G.R., P. Vanlalhruaia, A. Stalin, S.S. Irudayaraj, S. Ignacimuthu and M.G. Paulraj, 2014. Polyphenols-rich Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub. beans show hypoglycemic and β-cells protective effects in type 2 diabetic rats. Food Chem. Toxicol., 6: 358-365.
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Gandhi, G.R., S. Ignacimuthu and M.G. Paulraj, 2011. Solanum torvum Swartz. fruit containing phenolic compounds shows antidiabetic and antioxidant effects in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Food Chem. Toxicol., 49: 2725-2733.
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Gandhi, G.R., S. Ignacimuthu and M.G. Paulraj, 2012. Hypoglycemic and β-cells regenerative effects of Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. bark extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Food Chem. Toxicol., 50: 1667-1674.
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Gandhi, G.R., S. Ignacimuthu, M.G. Paulraj and P. Sasikumar, 2011. Antihyperglycemic activity and antidiabetic effect of methyl caffeate isolated from Solanum torvum Swartz. fruit in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Eur. J. Pharmacol., 670: 623-631.
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Gandhi, M.R., A.D. Reegan, P. Ganesan, K. Sivasankaran and M.G. Paulraj et al., 2016. Larvicidal and pupicidal activities of Alizarin, isolated from roots of Rubia cordifolia against Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae). Neotrop. Entomol., 45: 441-448.
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Ganesan, P., A. Jackson, R.H.A. David, S. Sivanandhan and M.R. Gandhi et al., 2018. Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) larvicidal and ovicidal properties of extracts from Streptomyces vinaceusdrappus (S12-4) isolated from soils. J. Entomol. Sci., 53: 17-26.
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Ganesan, P., A. Stalin, M.G. Paulraj, K. Balakrishna, S. Ignacimuthu and N.A. Al-Dhabi, 2018. Biocontrol and non-target effect of fractions and compound isolated from Streptomyces rimosus on the immature stages of filarial vector Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae) and the compound interaction with Acetylcholinesterase (AChE1). Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 161: 120-128.
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Ganesan, P., A.D. Reegan, R.H.A. David, M.R. Gandhi, M.G. Paulraj, N.A. Al-Dhabi and S. Ignacimuthu, 2017. Antimicrobial activity of some actinomycetes from Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu, India. Alexandria J. Med., 53: 101-110.
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Ganesan, P., R.H.A. David, A.D. Reegan, M.R. Gandhi, M.G. Paulraj, S. Ignacimuthu and N.A. Al-Dhabi, 2017. Isolation and molecular characterization of actinomycetes with antimicrobial and mosquito larvicidal properties. Beni-Suef Univ. J. Basic Applied Sci., 6: 209-217.
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Gnanasekaran, S., M.G. Paulraj, K. Sivasankaran and S. Ignacimuthu, 2011. Diversity of Odonata (Insecta) in the surrounding areas of Poondi Reservoir (Tiruvallur District) in Tamil Nadu. Hexapoda, 18: 18-23.
Govindaraj, R., M. Gabriel Paulraj, K. Sankarasivaraman and S. Ignacimuthu, 2014. A new record of Hygrocybe calyptriformis (Berk. & Broome) Fayod (Agaricales: Hygrophoraceae) from Anaimalai Hills, Southern Western Ghats of India. J. Acad. Ind. Res., 3: 266-268.
Hairul Islam, V.I., S. Saravanan, J.P.P. Raj, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2014. Myroides pelagicus from the gut of Drosophila melanogaster attenuates inflammation on dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis. Digest. Dis. Sci., 59: 1121-1133.
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Hairul-Islam, M.I., S. Saravanan, K. Thirugnanasambantham, M. Chellappandian and C.S.D. Raj et al., 2017. Swertiamarin, a natural steroid, prevent bone erosion by modulating RANKL/RANK/OPG signaling. Int. Immunopharmacol., 53: 114-124.
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Hemanth, V., C. Satish Kumar, D. Manikandan, F. Musarrat, A.P. Preetham and M.G. Paulraj, 2013. An unusual cause of late tracheostomy bleed. Case Rep. Clin. Med., 2: 260-262.
Ignacimuthu, S. and M.G. Paulraj, 2009. Non-chemical insect pest management. Curr. Sci. Vol., 97. .
Kannan, P., S. Ignacimuthu and M. Gabriel Paulraj, 2006. Facultative alkalophilic bacteria from mangrove soil with varying buffering capacity and H+ conductance. Indian J. Biochem. Biophys., 43: 382-385.
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Kannan, P., S. Ignacimuthu and M.G. Paulraj, 2009. Buffering capacity and membrane H+ conductance of protease producing facultative alkaliphilic bacteria Bacillus flexus from mangrove soil. Indian J. Biochem. Biophys., 46: 261-265.
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Kasomva, K., A. Sen, M.G. Paulraj, S. Sailo and V. Raphael et al., 2018. Roles of microRNA in prostate cancer cell metabolism. Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol., 102: 109-116.
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Kumar, D.R., P.S. Kumar, M.R. Gandhi, N.A. Al-Dhabi, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2016. Delivery of chitosan/dsRNA nanoparticles for silencing of wing development vestigial (vg) gene in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 86: 89-95.
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Kumar, P.S., P. Yuvaraj, M.G. Paulraj, S. Ignacimuthu and N.A. Al-Dhabi, 2018. Bio-prospecting of soil Streptomyces and its bioassay-guided isolation of microbial derived auxin with antifungal properties. J. Mycol. Med., 28: 462-468.
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Lingathura, S., S. Ezilvendan, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2008. Antifeedant and Growth Inhibiting Effects of Morinda tinctoria Roxb. against Spodoptera litura (Fab.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). In: Recent Trends in Insect Pest Management, Ignacimuthu, S. and S. Jayaraj (Eds.)., Elite Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp: 195-200..
Lingathurai, S., A.R. War, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2010. Antifeedant and Insecticidal Activities of some Plants against Helicoverpa armigera Hubner (Lepidoptera: Nocuidae) larvae. In: Non-Chemical Insect Pest Management, Ignacimuthu, S. and B.V. David (Eds.)., Elite Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp: 58-63.
Lingathurai, S., M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2010. Toxicity and Feeding Deterrent Effect of Acalypha fruticosa Linn. (Euphorbiaceae) on Spodoptera litura Fab. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae. In: Non-Chemical Insect Pest Management, Ignacimuthu, S. and B.V. David (Eds.)., Elite Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp: 46-53.
Lingathurai, S., S.E. Vendan, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2011. Antifeedant and larvicidal activities of Acalypha fruticosa Forssk. (Euphorbiaceae) against Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) larvae. J. King Saud Univ.-Sci., 23: 11-16.
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Munusamy, R.G., D.R. Appadurai, S. Kuppusamy, G.P. Michael and I. Savarimuthu, 2016. Ovicidal and larvicidal activities of some plant extracts against Aedes aegypti L. and Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae). Asian Pac. J. Trop. Dis., 6: 468-471.
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Murugesan, A.G. and M. Gabriel Paulraj, 2003. Feeding potential of Fool's gold beetle Aspidomorpha miliaris (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on Ipomoea carnea Jacq. J. Biol. control, 17: 171-174.
Murugesan, A.G., J. Ruby and M. Gabriel Paulraj, 2004. Sustained management of the floating aquatic weed Eichhornia crassipes (Solms.) Mart. employing potential arthropodan biocontrol agents. National J. Life Sci., 1: 123-128.
Murugesan, A.G., J. Ruby and M.G. Paulraj, 2007. Host preference of Neochetina bruchi Hustache and N. eichhorniae Warner towards leaves and their aqueous extracts of chosen agricultural and horticultural crops. Indian J. weed sci., 39: 81-84.
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Murugesan, A.G., J. Ruby, M.G. Paulraj and N. Sukumaran, 2005. Impact of different densities and temperature regimes on the feeding behaviour of waterhyacinth weevils, Neochetina bruchi and N. eichhorniae on Eichhornia crassipes. Asian J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. Environ. Sci., 7: 73-76.
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Murugesan, A.G., M.G. Paulraj, J. Ruby and N. Sukumaran, 2005. Bio-control potential of weevils Neochetina bruchi and Neochetina eichhorniae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and snail Pila globosa on Water hyacinth. J. Exp. Zool. India, 8: 365-369.
Muthukumaravel, K., P. Kumarasamy, A. Amsath and M. Gabriel Paulraj, 2007. Toxic effect of Cadmium on the electrophoretic protein patterns of gill and muscle of Oreochromis mossambicus. E-J. Chem., 4: 284-286.
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Nattudurai, G., C. Balachandran, M.G. Paulraj, V. Duraipandiyan, S. Ignacimuthu and N.A. Al Dhabi, 2014. Cytotoxic and antioxidant properties of fractions isolated from Feronia elephantum. Int. J. Pharm. Pharmaceut. Sci., 6: 210-214.
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Nattudurai, G., K. Baskar, M.G. Paulraj, V.I. Hairul Islam, S. Ignacimuthu and V. Duraipandiyan, 2017. Toxic effect of Atalantia monophylla essential oil on Callosobruchus maculatus and Sitophilus oryzae. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 24: 1619-1629.
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Nattudurai, G., M. Gabriel Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2014. Toddalia asiatica essential oil: A potential natural fumigant and repellent against three coleopteran pests of stored products. Int. J. Pure Applied Zool., 2: 246-255.
Nattudurai, G., M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2009. Fumigation Effect of Essential Oils and Formaldehyde against Stored Product Pests. In: Ecofriendly Insect Pest Management, Ignacimuthu, S. and B.V. David (Eds.)., Elite Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp: 277-283.
Nattudurai, G., M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2012. Fumigant toxicity of volatile synthetic compounds and natural oils against the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. J. King Saud Univ., 24: 153-159.
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Nattudurai, G., S.S. Irudayaraj, M. Gabriel Paulraj, K. Baskar and S. Ignacimuthu, 2015. Insecticidal and repellent activities of Toddalia asiatica Lam. extracts against three major stored product insects. Entomol. Ornithol. Herpetol., Vol. 4. .
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Paulraj, M.G. and S. Ignacimuthu, 2006. Natural Enemy Fauna in a Diversified Agroecosystem. In: Biodiversity and Insect Pest Management, Ignacimuthu, S. and S. Jayaraj (Eds.)., Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, pp: 340-345.
Paulraj, M.G. and S. Ignacimuthu, 2007. Effect of some Volatile Oils on Life Stages and Orientation Behaviour of Lasioderma serricorne (Fab.) (Coleoptera: Anobiidae). In: Biotechnology and Insect Pest Management, Ignacimuthu, S. and S. Jayaraj (Eds.)., Elite Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp: 171-176.
Paulraj, M.G. and S. Ignacimuthu, 2008. Antifeedant Activity of Alangium salviifolium (L.F.) Wangerin (Alangiaceae) Leaf Extracts on Asian Armyworm Spodoptera litura (Fab.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). In: Recent Trends in Insect Pest Management, Ignacimuthu, S. and S. Jayaraj (Eds.)., Elite Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp: 185-190.
Paulraj, M.G. and S. Ignacimuthu, 2009. Impact of neem and karanj oil formulation and Hyptis suaveolens leaf extract on feeding, survival, histology and protein profile of four lepidopteran pests. In: Ecofriendly Insect Pest Management, Ignacimuthu, S. and B.V. David, (Eds.)., Elite Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp: 200-209.
Paulraj, M.G. and S. Ignacimuthu, 2010. Feeding Deterrent and Lethal Effects of Mangrove Plant Extracts against Epilachna vigintioctopunctata Fab. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and Atractomorpha crenulata Fab. (Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphidae). In: Non-Chemical Insect Pest Management, Ignacimuthu, S. and B.V. David (Eds.)., Elite Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp: 32-38.
Paulraj, M.G., A.D. Reegan and S. Ignacimuthu, 2011. Toxicity of benzaldehyde and propionic acid against immature and adult stages of Aedes aegypti (Linn.) and Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Entomol., 8: 539-547.
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Paulraj, M.G., P.S. Kumar, S. Ignacimuthu and D. Sukumaran, 2015. Natural Insecticides from Actinomycetes and other Microbes for Vector Mosquito Control. In: Herbal Insecticides, Repellents and Biomedicines: Effectiveness and Commercialization, Veer, V. and R. Gopalakrishnan (Eds.). Springer Publications, India, pp: 85-99.
Paulraj, M.G., S. Ignacimuthu and A.D. Reegan, 2016. Gene silencing and gene drive in dengue vector control. Indian J. Nat. Prod. Resour., 7: 193-200.
Paulraj, M.G., S. Ignacimuthu, M.R. Gandhi, A. Shajahan, P. Ganesan, S.M. Packiam and N.A. Al-Dhabi, 2017. Comparative studies of tripolyphosphate and glutaraldehyde cross-linked chitosan-botanical pesticide nanoparticles and their agricultural applications. Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 104: 1813-1819.
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Paulraj, M.G., V. Anbalagan and S. Ignacimuthu, 2009. Distribution of grasshoppers among different host plants and habitats in two districts of Tamil Nadu, India. J. Threatened Taxa, 1: 203-206.
Pavunraj, M., K. Baskar, M.G. Paulraj, S. Ignacimuthu and S. Janarthanan, 2014. Phagodeterrence and insecticidal activity of Hyptis suaveolens (Poit.) against four important lepidopteran pests. Arch. Phytopathol. Plant Protect., 47: 113-121.
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Pavunraj, M., M. Gabriel Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2007. Effect of Plant volatile oils in protecting stored Peanuts against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst.) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) infestation. Insect Environ., 13: 3-4.
Pavunraj, M., M.G. Pulraj, S. Selva Kumar, M.R.K. Rao and S. Ignacimuthu, 2012. Feeding deterrence, larvicidal and haemolymph protein profiles of an Indian traditional medicinal plant Alangium salviifolium (L.f.) Wangerin on cluster caterpillar, Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Arch. Phytopathol. Plant Prot., 45: 2066-2075.
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Pavunraj, M., N. Raja, M.G. Paulraj, V. Duraipandiyan and S. Ignacimuthu, 2007. Antifeedant and Larvicidal Effect of Lippia javanica (Burm.f) Spreng. Leaf Extracts on Common Cutworm, Spodoptera litura (Fab.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). In: Biotechnology and Insect Pest Management, Ignacimuthu, S. and S. Jayaraj (Eds.)., Elite Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp: 163-168.
Ponnusamy, K., M. Ramasamy, I. Savarimuthu, and M.G. Paulraj, 2010. Indirubin potentiates ciprofloxacin activity in the NorA efflux pump of Staphylococcus aureus. Scand. J. Infect. Dis., 42: 500-505.
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Ponnusamy, K., S. Jose, I. Savarimuthu, G.P. Michael and M. Redenbach, 2011. Genetic diversity study of Chromobacterium violaceum isolated from Kolli hills by amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Lett. Applied Microbiol., 53: 341-349.
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Raja, T.R.W., P. Ganesan, M.R. Gandhi, V. Duraipandiyan and M.G. Paulraj et al., 2018. Effect of compound Musizin isolated from Rhamnus wightii Wight and Arn on the immature stages of filarial vector mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae) and its non-target studies. Biocatal. Agric. Biotechnol., 16: 37-42.
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Rajiv Gandhi, M., A. Daniel Reegan, G. Sivaraman, K. Sivasankaran, M. Gabriel Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2014. Larvicidal and repellent activities of Tylophora indica (Burm. F.) Merr. (Asclepiadaceae) against Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae). Int. J. Pure Applied Zool., 2: 113-117.
Ramar, M., M. Gabriel Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2013. Preliminary screening of plant essential oils against larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae). Afr. J. Biotechnol., 12: 6480-6483.
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Ramar, M., M. Gabriel Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2013. Screening of pupicidal activity of some essential oils against Culex quinquefasciatus Say. Peak J. Med. Plant Res., 1: 9-12.
Ramar, M., V. Duraipandiyan, M.G. Paulraj, S.E. Vendan and S. Ignacimuthu, 2008. Larvicidal and Pupicidal Properties of Croton sparciflorus Linn. (Euphorbiacear) Leaf Extract Against Culex quinquefasciatus Say. In: Recent Trends in Insect Pest Management, Ignacimuthu, S. and S. Jayaraj, (Eds.). Elite Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., Darya Ganj, Delhi, pp: 236-239.
Reegan, A.D., A.V. Kinsalin, M. Gabriel Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2013. Larvicidal, ovicidal and repellent activities of marine sponge Cliona celata (Grant) extracts against Anopheles stephensi Liston (Diptera: Culicidae). Asian Pacific J. Trop. Med., Vol. 2013. .
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Reegan, A.D., M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2013. Isolation and characterization of Halotolerant bacteria associated with the midgut of Culex quinquefasciatus Say. (Diptera: Culicidae). Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 16: 1311-1317.
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Reegan, A.D., M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2014. Effect of niloticin, a protolimonoid isolated from Limonia acidissima L. (Rutaceae) on the immature stages of dengue vector Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae). Acta Tropica, 139: 67-76.
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Reegan, A.D., M.R. Gandhi, G. Sivaraman, K.F. Cecilia and R. Ravindhran et al., 2016. Bioefficacy of Ecbolin A and Ecbolin B isolated from Ecbolium viride (Forsk) Alston on dengue vector, Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasite Epidemiol. Control, 1: 78-84.
Reegan, A.D., M.R. Gandhi, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2015. Ovicidal and oviposition deterrent activities of medicinal plant extracts against Aedes aegypti L. and Culex quinquefasciatus say mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). Osong Public Health Res. Persp., 6: 64-69.
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Reegan, A.D., R.W.A. Jesudasan, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2011. Comparative efficacy of mosquito coils on Anopheles stephensi (Liston), Aedes aegypti (Linn.) and Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) (Diptera: Culicidae). Elixir. Bio. Diver., 35: 2912-2916.
Reegan, A.D., S.A. Ceasar, M.G. Paulraj, S. Ignacimuthu and N.A. Al-Dhabi, 2016. Current status of genome editing in vector mosquitoes: A review. Biosci. Trends, 10: 424-432.
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Riyaza, M., P. Mathewa, G. Paulraja and S. Ignacimuthua, 2018. Entomophily of apple ecosystem in Kashmir valley, India: A review. Int. J. Scient. Res. Biol. Sci., 5: 155-163.
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Sahayaraj, K. and M. Gabriel Paulraj, 2000. Impact of Tridax procumbens leaf extract on Spodoptera litura Fab. behaviour, development and juvenometry. Insect Environ., 5: 149-150.
Sahayaraj, K. and M. Gabriel Paulraj, 2001. Behaviour of Rhynocoris marginatus (Fabricius) (Heteroptera: Reduviidae) to chemical cues from three lepidopteran pests. J. Biol. Control, 15: 1-4.
Sahayaraj, K. and M.G. Paulraj, 1998. Effect of neem leaf extract on Amsacta albistriga Walker. Insect Environ., 4 : 42-43.
Sahayaraj, K. and M.G. Paulraj, 1999. Effect of plant products on the eggs of Rhynocoris marginatus Fab. (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Insect Environ., 5: 23-24.
Sahayaraj, K. and M.G. Paulraj, 1998. Relative toxicity of some plant extracts to Groundnut leaf miner, Aproaerema modicella Dev. Int. Arachis Newsletter, 18: 27-29.
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Sahayaraj, K. and M.G. Paulraj, 1998. Screening the relative toxicity of some plant extracts to Spodoptera litura Fab. (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) of Groundnut. Fresenius Environ. Bull., 7: 557-560.
Sahayaraj, K. and M.G. Paulraj, 1999. Toxicity of some plant extracts against life stages of a reduviid predator, Rhynocoris marginatus. Indian J. Entomol., 61: 342-344.
Sahayaraj, K. and M.G. Paulraj, 2000. Impact of some plant products on the befaviour of Tribolium castaneum in groundnut seed. Int. Arachis Newsletter, 20: 75-76.
Sahayaraj, K. and M.G. Paulraj, 2001. Effect of cold storage on egg hatching in two reduviid predators, Rhynocoris marginatus Fab. and R. fuscipes Fab. (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Belgian J. Entomol., 3: 201-207.
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Sahayaraj, K. and M.G. Paulraj, 2001. Efficacy of chosen plants against gram pod borer Helicoverpa armigera Hubner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Adv. Zool., 22: 8-14.
Sahayaraj, K. and M.G. Paulraj, 2001. Rearing and life table of reduviid predator Rhynocoris marginatus Fab. (Heteroptera: Reduviidae) on Spodoptera litura Fab. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae. J. Appl. Entomol., 125: 321-325.
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Sahayaraj, K. and M.G. Paulraj, 2003. Insect pests and beneficial arthropods of groundnut in relation to wind velocity. Asian J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. Environ. Sci., 5: 101-103.
Sandhanam, S.D., P. Ganesan, A. Stalin, G.P. Michael and K. Balakrishna et al., 2018. Effect of compound isolated from Lawsonia inermis (L.) (Myrtales: Lythraceae) on the immature stages of filarial vector Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae) and its docking analysis with Acetylcholinesterase (AChE1). Biocatal. Agric. Biotechnol., 15: 210-218.
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Sandhanam, S.D., P. Ganesan, A. Stalin, S. Rajan and M.G. Paulraj et al., 2019. Effect of tiliamosine, a bis, benzylisoquinoline alkaloid isolated from Tiliacora acuminata (Lam.) Hook. f. & Thom on the immature stages of filarial mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus say (Diptera: Culicidae). Exp. Parasitol., Vol. 204. 10.1016/j.exppara.2019.107719.
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Saravanan, S., N.P. Babu, P. Pandikumar, M.K. Raj, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2012. Immunomodulatory potential of Enicostema axillare (Lam.) A. Raynal,a traditional medicinal plant. J. Ethnopharmacol., 40: 239-246.
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Saravanan, S., P. Pandikumar, N.P. Babu, V.I.H. Islam and K. Thirugnanasambantham et al., 2014. In vivo and in vitro immunomodulatory potential of swertiamarin isolated from Enicostema axillare (Lam.) A. Raynal that acts as an anti-inflammatory agent. Inflammation, 37: 1374-1388.
Saravanan, S., P., Pandikumar, N. Pazhanivel, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2013. Hepatoprotective role of Abelmoschus esculentus (Linn.) Moench., on carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury. Toxicol. Mechan. Meth., 23: 528-536.
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Saravanan, S., S. Mutheeswaran, M. Saravanan, M. Chellappandian and M.G. Paulraj et al., 2013. Ameliorative effect of Drynaria quercifolia (L.) J. Sm., an ethnomedicinal plant, in arthritic animals. Food Chemical Toxicol., 51: 356-363.
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Saravanan, S., V.H. Islam, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2012. Protective effect of Enicostema axillare on mutagenicity of Salmonella typhimurium by increasing free radical scavenging abilities. Pharmaceut. Biol., 50: 698-706.
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Saravanan, S., V.I. Hairul Islam, H.A. David, R.L. Sundaram and M. Chellappandian et al., 2015. Bioassay guided fractionation and identification of active anti-inflammatory constituent from Delonix elata flowers using RAW 264.7 cells. Pharm. Biol., 53: 174-184.
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Saravanan, S., V.I. Hairul Islam, K. Thirugnanasambantham, N. Pazhanivel, N. Raghuraman, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2014. Swertiamarin ameliorates inflammation and osteoclastogenesis intermediates in IL-1β induced rat fibroblast-like synoviocytes. Inflam. Res., 63: 451-462.
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Saravanan, S., V.I. Hairul Islam, N.P. Babu, P. Pandikumar and K. Thirugnanasambantham et al., 2014. Swertiamarin attenuates inflammation mediators via modulating NF-κB/I kappa;B and JAK2/STAT3 transcription factors in adjuvant induced arthritis. Eur. J. Pharmaceut. Sci., 56: 70-86.
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Sivanandhan, S., A. Khusro, M.G. Paulraj, S. Ignacimuthu and N.A. Al-Dhabi, 2017. Biocontrol properties of basidiomycetes: An overview. J. Fungi, Vol. 3. 10.3390/jof3010002.
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Sivanandhan, S., P. Ganesan, A. Jackson, S. Darwin, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2018. Activity of some medicinal plants against phytopathogenic fungi. Int. J. Scient. Res. Biol. Sci., 5: 124-137.
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Sivanandhan, S., P. Ganesan, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2018. Larvicidal, ovicidal and histopathological effects of the sulphur polypore mushroom, Laetiporus sulphureus (Agaricomycetes), collected from Tamil Nadu, India against mosquitoes. Int. J. Med. Mushrooms, 20: 1197-1207.
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Sivanandhan, S., P. Ganesan, R.H.A. David, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2019. Mosquitocidal activity of the pale brittle stem mushroom, Psathyrella candolleana (Agaricomycetes), against three vector mosquitoes. Int. J. Med. Mushrooms, 21: 725-734.
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Sivaraman, G., A.D. Reegan, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2018. Toxicity of Semecarpus anacardium L. seed extracts against immature stages of Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Entomol. Zool. Stud., 6: 2068-2071.
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Sivaraman, G., M. Gabriel Paulraj, S. Ignacimuthu and N.A. Al-Dhabi, 2014. Bioefficacy of Cleome viscose L. and Sinapis alba L. seed extracts against Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Int. J. Pure Applied Zool., 2: 211-217.
Sivaraman, G., M.G Paulraj, M. Rajiv Gandhi, A. Daniel Reegan and S. Ignacimuthu, 2014. Larvicidal potential of Hydnocarpus pentandra (Buch.-Ham.) Oken seed extracts against Aedes aegypti Linn. and Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) (Diptera: Culicidae). Int. J. Pure Applied Zool., 2: 109-112.
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Sivaraman, G., M.G. Paulraj, K. Balakrishna, S.S. Irudayaraj, S. Ignacimuthu and N.A. Al-Dhabi, 2017. Biological effects of active fraction isolated from Hydnocarpus pentandra (Bunch.-Ham.) Oken seeds against Helicoverpa armigera (Hub.)(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Arch. Phytopathol. Plant Protect., 50: 262-274.
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Sivaraman, G., M.G. Paulraj, S. Ignacimuthu and N. Abdullah Al-Dhabi, 2014. Bioefficacy of seed extracts of Strychnos nux-vomica and Semicarpus anacardium against Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Int. J. Agric. Food Sci., 4: 73-77.
Sivasankaran, K., J.I. Madani, S. Ignacimuthu and M.G. Paulraj, 2010. A survey of Euteliinae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) of Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India. Entomon, 35: 1-8.
Varghese, P.K., M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2014. Effect of climate (seasons) on biodiversity of noctuidae in Rajmahal hills area of Santhal Parganas, Jharkhand, India. Elixir Biodivers., 70: 24092-24096.
Varghese, P.K., M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2014. Impact of seasons and human interference on diversity of Hawkmoths (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) in Rajmahal hills, Jharkhand, India. Int. J. Adv. Life Sci., 7: 293-300.
Vendan, S.E., K. Baskar, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2009. Antifeedant and Larvicidal Effects of Hydnocarpus Alpine Wt. (Flacourtiaceae) Extracts against the Larvae of Helicoverpa armigera Hub. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). In: Ecofriendly Insect Pest Management, Ignacimuthu, S. and B.V. David (Eds.). Elite Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp: 210-216.
Vendan, S.E., M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2010. Glutathione S-transferase Activity and Larval Mortality in Taxifolin 3-O-rhamnoside Treated Helicoverpa armigera Hub. and Spodoptera litura Fab. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). In: Non-Chemical Insect Pest Management, Ignacimuthu, S. and B.V. David (Eds.)., Elite Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp: 64-71.
Vendan, S.E., S. Lingathurai, M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2010. Bioefficacy of neem oil formulation with Hydnocarpus alpina leaf extract against Spodoptera litura. Int. J. Curr. Res., 3: 78-82.
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War, A.R., H.C. Sharma, M.G. Paulraj, M.Y. War and S. Ignacimuthu, 2011. Herbivore induced plant volatiles: Their role in plant defense for pest management. Plant Signal. Behav., 6: 1973-1978.
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War, A.R., M. Gabriel Paulraj, S. Ignacimuthu and H.C. Sharma, 2015. Induced resistance to Helicoverpa armigera through exogenous application of jasmonic acid and salicylic acid in groundnut, Arachis hypogaea. Pest Manage. Sci., 71: 72-82.
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War, A.R., M.G. Paulraj and S. Ignacimuthu, 2011. Synergistic activity of endosulfan with neem oil formulation against tobacco caterpillar Spodoptera litura (Fab.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Entomol., 8: 530-538.
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War, A.R., M.G. Paulraj, B. Hussain, A.A. Buhroo, S. Ignacimuthu and H.C. Sharma, 2013. Effect of plant secondary metabolites on Helicoverpa armigera (Hub.). J. Pest Sci., 86: 399-408.
War, A.R., M.G. Paulraj, M.Y. War and S. Ignacimuthu, 2011. Differential defensive response of groundnut to Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae). J. Plant Interact., (In Press). 10.1080/17429145.2011.587898.
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War, A.R., M.G. Paulraj, M.Y. War and S. Ignacimuthu, 2011. Herbivore-and elicitor-induced resistance in groundnut to asian armyworm, Spodoptera litura (Fab.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Plant Signal. Behav., 6: 1769-1777.
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War, A.R., M.G. Paulraj, M.Y. War and S. Ignacimuthu, 2011. Herbivore-induced resistance in different groundnut germplasm lines to Asian armyworm, Spodoptera litura (Fab.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Acta Physiol. Plant., (In Press). 10.1007/s11738-011-0833-6.
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War, A.R., M.G. Paulraj, M.Y. War and S. Ignacimuthu, 2011. Jasmonic acid-mediated induced resistance in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) against Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Plant Growth. Regul., (In Press). 10.1007/s0034-011-9213-0.
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War, A.R., M.G. Paulraj, M.Y. War and S. Ignacimuthu, 2011. Role of salicylic acid in induction of plant defense system in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Plant Signal. Behav., 6: 1787-1792.
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War, A.R., M.G. Paulraj, M.Y. War and S. Ignacimuthu, 2012. Differential defensive response of groundnut germplasms to Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Plant Interact., 7: 45-55.
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War, A.R., M.G. Paulraj, S. Ignacimuthu and H.C. Sharma, 2013. Defensive responses in groundnut against chewing and sap-sucking insects. J. Plant Growth Regul., 32: 259-272.
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War, A.R., M.G. Paulraj, T. Ahmad, A.A. Buhroo, B. Hussain, S. Ignacimuthu and H.C. Sharma, 2012. Mechanisms of plant defense against insect herbivores. Plant Signal. Behav., 7: 1306-1320.
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War, A.R., S. Lingathurai, M.G. Paulraj, M.Y. War and S. Ignacimuthu, 2011. Oxidative response of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) to Salicylic acid, neem oil formulation and Acalypha fruticosa leaf extract. Am. J. Plant Physiol., 6: 209-219.
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