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Science Alert
 
   
 
    Publisher: Science Alert
   
  Singapore Journal of Scientific Research is a quarterly, peer-reviewed international research journal that addresses both applied and theoretical issues. The scope of the journal encompasses research articles, original research reports, reviews, short communications and scientific commentaries in the fields of applied and theoretical sciences, biology, chemistry, physics, zoology, medical studies, environmental sciences, mathematics, statistics, geology, engineering, agricultural engineering, computer science, social sciences, natural sciences, technological sciences, linguistics, medicine, industrial and all other applied and theoretical sciences.

Singapore Journal of Scientific Research now accepting new submissions. Submit your best paper via online submission system.
  Editor-in-Chief:  Anmol Mathur
 
 
Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail and J. Lalung, 2014. Isolation, identification, and characterization of cadmium resistant pseudomonas sp. M3 from industrial wastewater. J. Waste Manage., .
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Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail and J. Lalung, 2014. Isolation, identification, characterization, and evaluation of cadmium removal capacity of enterobacter species. J. basic microbiol., 54: 1279-1287.
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Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail and J. Lalung, 2015. Isolation and characterization of cadmium resistant bacteria from industrial wastewater. Desalin. Water Treat., 53: 1037-1046.
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Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail and M.I. Syakir, 2016. Removal of chromium and copper through sediment microbial fuel cell. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 2: 56-60.
Abbas, S.Z., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail and M.I. Syakir, 2017. A review on sediment microbial fuel cells as a new source of sustainable energy and heavy metal remediation: mechanisms and future prospective. Int. J. Energy Res., 10.1002/er.3706.
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Abbas, S.Z., M. Riaz, N. Ramzan, M.T. Zahid, F.R. Shakoori and M. Rafatullah, 2014. Isolation and characterization of arsenic resistant bacteria from wastewater. Braz. J. Microbiol., 45: 1309-1315.
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Abdul Khalil, H.P.S., C.K. Saurabh, A.S. Adnan, M.R.N. Fazita and M.I. Syakir et al., 2016. A review on chitosan-cellulose blends and nanocellulose reinforced chitosan biocomposites: Properties and their applications. Carbohydr. Polym., 150: 216-226.
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Ahmad, A. and M. Rafatullah, 2009. Solvent polarity as a function of retardation factor in thin-layer chromatography of selected nitro functions: two mixed solvents. IUP J. Chem., 2: 55-56.
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Ahmad, A., A. Khatoon, S.H. Mohd-Setapar, R. Kumar and M. Rafatullah, 2016. Chemically oxidized pineapple fruit peel for the biosorption of heavy metals from aqueous solution. Desalin. Water Treat., 57: 6432-6442.
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Ahmad, A., M. Rafatullah and M. Danish, 2006. Thermodynamics of ion-exchange of alkali metal ions on crystalline niobium (V) phosphate. Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 79: 88-94.
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Ahmad, A., M. Rafatullah and M. Danish, 2007. Removal of Zn (II) and Cd (II) ions from aqueous solutions using treated sawdust of sissoo wood as an adsorbent. Holz Roh Werkst, 65: 429-436.
Ahmad, A., M. Rafatullah, M. Vakili and S.H. Mohd Setapar, 2016. Equilibrium and kinetic studies of methyl orange adsorption onto chemically treated oil palm trunk powder. Environ. Eng. Manage. J., .
Ahmad, A., M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman, M.H. Ibrahim and R. Hashim, 2009. Scavenging behaviour of meranti sawdust in the removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution. J. hazard. Mater., 170: 357-365.
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Ahmad, A., M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman, M.H. Ibrahim, Y.Y. Chii and B.M. Siddique, 2009. Removal of Cu (II) and Pb (II) ions from aqueous solutions by adsorption on sawdust of meranti wood. Desalin., 247: 636-646.
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Ahmad, A., S.H. Mohd-Setapar, C.S. Chuong, A. Khatoon, W.A. Wani, R. Kumar and M. Rafatullah, 2015. Recent advances in new generation dye removal technologies: novel search for approaches to reprocess wastewater. RSC Adv., 5: 30801-30818.
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Ahmad, T., M. Danish, M. Rafatullah, A. Ghazali, O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and M.N.M. Ibrahim, 2012. The use of date palm as a potential adsorbent for wastewater treatment: a review. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 19: 1464-1484.
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Ahmad, T., M. Rafatullah, A. Ghazali, O. Sulaiman and R. Hashim, 2011. Oil palm biomass-based adsorbents for the removal of water pollutants - a review. J. Environ. Sci. Health Part C, 29: 177-222.
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Ahmad, T., M. Rafatullah, A. Ghazali, O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2010. Removal of pesticides from water and wastewater by different adsorbents: A review. J. Environ. Sci. Health Part C, 28: 231-271.
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Banana, A.A.S., N.A.N. Norulaini, J. Baharom, M.Y.L. Zuraida, M. Rafatullah and A.K. Mohd, 2013. Inactivation of pathogenic micro-organism in hospital waste using microwave. J. Mater. Cycles Waste Manage., 15: 393-403.
Bushra, R., M. Naushad, R. Adnan, Z.A. ALOthman and M. Rafatullah, 2015. Polyaniline supported nanocomposite cation exchanger: Synthesis, characterization and applications for the efficient removal of Pb2+ ion from aqueous medium. J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 21: 1112-1118.
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Bushra, R., M. Shahadat, M.A. Khan, R. Adnan and M. Rafatullah, 2014. Optimization of polyaniline supported Ti (IV) arsenophosphate composite cation exchanger based ion-selective membrane electrode for the determination of lead. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 53: 19387-19391.
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Bushra, R., M. Shahadat, M.A. Khan, R. Adnan, M. Arshad, M. Rafatullah and M. Naushad, 2015. Preparation of polyaniline based nanocomposite material and their environmental applications. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 12: 3635-3642.
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Danish, M., M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and T. Ahmad, 2012. Advances in Chemistry Research. In: Activated Carbon: Preparations and Characterizations. Taylor, J.C. (Ed.). Nova Science, Inc., USA, pp 121-157.
Danish, M., O. Sulaiman, M. Rafatullah, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2010. Kinetics for the removal of paraquat dichloride from aqueous solution by activated date (phoenix dactylifera) stone carbon. J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 31: 248-259.
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Danish, M., R. Hashim, M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman and A. Ahmad, 2011. Adsorption of Pb (II) ions from aqueous solutions by date bead carbon activated with ZnCl2. Clean Soil Air Water, 39: 392-399.
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Danish, M., R. Hashim, M.M. Ibrahim, M. Rafatullah and O. Sulaiman, 2012. Surface characterization and comparative adsorption properties of Cr (VI) on pyrolysed adsorbents of acacia mangium wood and phoenix dactylifera L. stone carbon. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 97: 19-28.
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Danish, M., R. Hashim, M.M. Ibrahim, M. Rafatullah, T. Ahmad and O. Sulaiman, 2011. Characterization of acacia mangium wood based activated carbons prepared in the presence of basic activating agents. BioResour., 6: 3019-3033.
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Danish, M., R. Hashim, M.N.M. Ibrahim, M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman, T. Ahmad, M. Shamsuzzoha and A. Ahmad, 2011. Adsorption studies of copper(II) and nickel(II) ions from aqueous solutions onto activated date stone. J. Chem. Eng. Data, 56: 3607-3619.
El Chaghaby, G.A., T. Nour, A. Ghani, M. Rafatullah and J.M. Aguado, 2015. Water: analysis, treatment and reuse. J. Chem., .
Heibati, B., S.R. Couto, A. Amrane, M. Rafatullah, A. Hawari and M.A. Al-Ghouti, 2014. Uptake of reactive black 5 by pumice and walnut activated carbon: chemistry and adsorption mechanisms. J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 20: 2939-2947.
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Hossain, K., N. Ismail, M. Rafatullah, M. Avasan, R. Shaik and S. Quaik, 2016. Bioremediation and detoxification of the textile wastewater with membrane bioreactor using the white-rot fungus and reuse of wastewater. Iran. J. Biotechnol., 14: 154-162.
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Hossain, K., N. Ismail, M. Rafatullah, S. Quaik, M. Nasir, A.Y. Maruthi and R. Shaik, 2015. Bioremediation of textile effluent with membrane bioreactor using the white-rot fungus coriolus versicolor. J. Pure Appl. Microbiol., 9: 1979-1986.
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Hossain, K., S. Quaik, G. Pant, S. Yadav and Y.A. Maruthi et al., 2015. Arsenic fate in the ground water and its effect on soil-crop systems. Res. J. Environ. Toxicol., 9: 231-240.
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Hossain, K., S. Quaik, N.I. Ismail, M. Rafatullah, I. Ali, Z.A. Hatta, A.Y. Maruthi, G. Pant and R. Shaik, 2016. Climate change-perceived impacts on agriculture, vulnerability and response strategies for improving adaptation practice in developing countries (South Asian Region). Int. J. Agric. Res., 11: 1-12.
Ibrahim, M.M., W.W. Ngah, M.S. Norliyana, W.W. Daud, M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman and R. Hashim, 2010. A novel agricultural waste adsorbent for the removal of lead (II) ions from aqueous solutions. J. Hazard. Mater., 182: 377-385.
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Jiao, W., M. Rafatullah, N. Morad, K. Hossain and T.T. Tow, 2016. Extraction of toxic rhodamine b dye by using organic solvent: A statistical analysis. Res. J. Environ. Toxicol., 10: 152-158.
Jiao, W., M. Rafatullah, N. Morad, T.T. Teng, 2015. Optimization of rhodamine B extraction from aqueous solution by soybean oil as organic solvent using response surface methodology. J. Indus. Res. Technol., 5: 1-7.
Lau, Y.Y., Y.S. Wong, T.T. Teng, N. Morad, M. Rafatullah and S.A. Ong, 2014. Coagulation-flocculation of azo dye acid orange 7 with green refined laterite soil. Chem. Eng. J., 246: 383-390.
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Lau, Y.Y., Y.S. Wong, T.T. Teng, N. Morad, M. Rafatullah and S.A. Ong, 2015. Degradation of cationic and anionic dyes in coagulation-flocculation process using bi-functionalized silica hybrid with aluminum-ferric as auxiliary agent. RSC Adv., 5: 34206-34215.
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Li, Z., T.T. Teng, A.F. Alkarkhi, M. Rafatullah and L.W. Low, 2013. Chemical modification of Imperata cylindrica leaf powder for heavy metal ion adsorption. Water Air Soil Pollut., 224: 1-14.
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Low, L.W., T.T. Teng, N. Morad and B. Azahari, 2013. Adsorption studies of methylene blue and malachite green from aqueous solutions by pretreated lignocellulosic materials. Separat. Sci. Technol., 48: 1688-1698.
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Mohamad, R., M. Rafatullah, T.N. Yusof, Y.J. Sim, N. Ismail and J. Lalung, 2016. Detection of microcystin (mcyE) gene in recreational lakes in Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia. Curr. World Environ., 11: 690-699.
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Norulaini, N.A.N., N. Chard, A.F.M. Alkarkhi, M. Rafatullah and A.K. Mohd Omar, 2016. Analysis of particulate matters in air of palm oil mills-a statistical assessment. Environ. Eng. Manage. J., .
Ogugbue, C.J., A.H. Jawad, O.I. Hussain, A.F.M. Alkarkhi and M. Rafatullah, 2014. Statistical optimization of simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of food waste for production of glucose and lactic acid using response surface methodology. J. Appl. Stat. Res., 2: 1-12.
Qasimullah, Q., A. Ahmad, M. Rafatullah, O. Sulaiman and R. Hashim, 2011. Role of sawdust in adsorption of Zn2+ and Cd2+ ions from aqueous system. J. Ind. Res. Technol., 1: 6-11.
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Rafatullah, M., O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2009. Adsorption of copper (II), chromium (III), nickel (II) and lead (II) ions from aqueous solutions by meranti sawdust. J. Hazard. Mater., 170: 969-977.
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Rafatullah, M., O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2010. Adsorption of copper (II) onto different adsorbents. J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 31: 918-930.
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Rafatullah, M., O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2010. Adsorption of methylene blue on low-cost adsorbents: A review. J. Hazard. Mater., 177: 70-80.
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Rafatullah, M., O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2012. Removal of cadmium (II) from aqueous solutions by adsorption using meranti wood. Wood sci. technol., 46: 221-241.
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Rafatullah, M., O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim and M.H.M. Amini, 2011. Adsorption of copper (II) ions onto surfactant-modified oil palm leaf powder. J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 32: 1641-1648.
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Rafatullah, M., O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim, A. Ahmad and Q. Qasimullah, 2011. Thermodynamic parameters for adsorption equilibrium of methylene blue from aqueous solutions with low-cost adsorbents. J. Ind. Res. Technol., 1: 92-96.
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Rafatullah, M., T. Ahmad, A. Ghazali, O. Sulaiman, M. Danish and R. Hashim, 2013. Oil palm biomass as a precursor of activated carbons: a review. Crit. Rev. environ. Sci. technol., 43: 1117-1161.
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Shahadat, M., M. Rafatullah and T.T. Teng, 2015. Characterization and sorption behavior of natural adsorbent for exclusion of chromium ions from industrial effluents. Desalin. Water Treat., 53: 1395-1403.
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Shahadat, M., R. Bushra, M.R. Khan, M. Rafatullah and T.T. Teng, 2014. A comparative study for the characterization of polyaniline based nanocomposites and membrane properties. RSC Adv., 4: 20686-20692.
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Shahadat, M., T.T. Teng, M. Rafatullah and M. Arshad, 2015. Titanium-based nanocomposite materials: A review of recent advances and perspectives. Colloids Surf. B Biointerfaces, 126: 121-137.
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Siddique, M.B., A. Ahmad, M.H. Ibrahim, S. Hena, M. Rafatullah and A.K.M. Omar, 2010. Physico-chemical properties of blends of palm olein with other vegetable oils. Grasas Aceites, 61: 423-429.
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Su, C.X.H., T.T. Teng, N. Morad and M. Rafatullah, 2016. Optimization of the coagulation-flocculation of reactive dye wastewater using novel inorganic-organic hybrid polymer. Iranica J. Energy Environ., 7: 31-38.
Su, C.X.H., T.T. Teng, Y.S. Wong, N. Morad and M. Rafatullah, 2016. Catalytic thermolysis in treating cibacron blue in aqueous solution: kinetics and degradation pathway. Chemosphere, 146: 503-510.
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Sulaiman, O., M. Amini, M. Hazim, M. Rafatullah, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2010. Adsorption equilibrium and thermodynamic studies of copper (II) ions from aqueous solutions by oil palm leaves. Int. J. Chem. Reactor Eng., .
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Sulaiman, O., N.S. Ghani, M. Rafatullah and R. Hashim, 2011. Removal of zinc (II) ions from aqueous solutions using surfactant modified bamboo sawdust. Sep. Sci. Technol., 46: 2275-2282.
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Sulaiman, O., N.S. Ghani, M. Rafatullah, R. Hashim and A. Ahmad, 2011. Sorption equilibrium and thermodynamic studies of zinc (II) ions from aqueous solutions by bamboo sawdust. J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 32: 583-590.
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Tabassum, S., S. Sabir, O. Sulaiman, M. Rafatullah, I. Khan and R. Hashim, 2011. Kinetics of the oxidation of diclofenac sodium by potassium permanganate. J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 32: 217-223.
Teng, T.T., Y.S. Wong, S.A. Ong, M. Norhashimah and M. Rafatullah, 2013. Start-up operation of anaerobic degradation process for palm oil mill effluent in anaerobic bench scale reactor (ABSR). Procedia Environmental Sciences, 18: 442-450.
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Vakili, M., H.M. Zwain, M. Rafatullah, Z. Gholami and R. Mohammadpour, 2015. Potentiality of palm oil biomass with cow dung for compost production. KSCE J. Civil Eng., 19: 1994-1999.
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Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, B. Salamatinia, A.Z. Abdullah and M.H. Ibrahim et al., 2014. Application of chitosan and its derivatives as adsorbents for dye removal from water and wastewater: A review. Carbohydr. Polym., 113: 115-130.
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Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, B. Salamatinia, M.H. Ibrahim and A.Z. Abdullah, 2015. Elimination of reactive blue 4 from aqueous solutions using 3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane modified chitosan beads. Carbohyd. Poly., 132: 89-96.
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Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, B. Salamatinia, M.H. Ibrahim, N. Ismail and A.Z. Abdullah, 2017. Adsorption studies of methyl tert-butyl ether from environment. Sep. Purif. Rev., 10.1080/15422119.2016.1270966.
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Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, M.H. Ibrahim, A.Z. Abdullah B. Salamatinia and Z. Gholami, 2016. Preparation of chitosan beads for the adsorption of reactive blue 4 from aqueous solutions. Iran. J. Energy Environ., 7: 124-128.
Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, M.H. Ibrahim, A.Z. Abdullah, B. Salamatinia and Z. Gholami, 2014. Oil palm biomass as an adsorbent for heavy metals. Rev. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 232: 61-88.
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Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, M.H. Ibrahim, A.Z. Abdullah, B. Salamatinia and Z. Gholami, 2014. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. In: Oil palm biomass as an adsorbent for heavy metals. Whitacre, D.M. (Ed.). Springer, Switzerland, pp 61-88.
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Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, M.H. Ibrahim, A.Z. Abdullah, B. Salamatinia and Z. Gholami, 2016. Chitosan hydrogel beads impregnated with hexadecylamine for improved reactive blue 4 adsorption. Carbohyd. Polym., 137: 139-146.
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Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, M.H. Ibrahim, A.Z. Abdullah, B. Salamatinia and Z. Gholami, 2017. Enhancing Reactive Blue 4 Adsorption through Chemical Modification of Chitosan with Hexadecylamine and 3-Aminopropyl Triethoxysilane. J. Water Process Eng., 15: 49-54.
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Vakili, M., M. Rafatullah, M.H. Ibrahim, B. Salamatinia, Z. Gholami and H.M. Zwain, 2015. A review on composting of oil palm biomass. Environ. Dev. Sustainability, 17: 691-709.
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Wong, Y.S., T.T. Teng, S.A. Ong, M. Norhashimah and M. Rafatullah, 2014. Start-up operation and hydraulic retention time selectivity for palm oil mill wastewater at mesophilic temperature in anaerobic suspended growth closed bioreactor. Adv. Mater. Res., 955: 1330-1334.
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Wong, Y.S., T.T. Teng, S.A. Ong, M. Norhashimah and M. Rafatullah, 2014. Suspended growth kinetic analysis on biogas generation from newly isolated anaerobic microbial communities for palm oil mill effluent at mesophilic temperature R. Soc. Chem. Adv., 4: 64659-64667.
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Wong, Y.S., T.T. Teng, S.A. Ong, M. Norhashimah, M. Rafatullah and H.C. Lee, 2013. Anaerobic acidogenesis biodegradation of palm oil mill effluent using Suspended Closed Anaerobic Bioreactor (SCABR) at mesophilic temperature. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 18: 433-441.
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Wong, Y.S., T.T. Teng, S.A. Ong, M. Norhashimah, M. Rafatullah and J.Y. Leong, 2014. Methane gas production from palm oil wastewater: An anaerobic methanogenic degradation process in continuous stirrer suspended closed anaerobic reactor. J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng., 45: 896-900.
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Woo, Y.S., M. Rafatullah, A.F.M. Al-Karkhi and T.T. Tow, 2014. Removal of terasil red R dye by using fenton oxidation: a statistical analysis. Desalin. Water Treat., 52: 4583-4591.
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Yusof, T.N., M. Rafatullah, N. Ismail, Z. Zainuddin and J. Lalung, 2017. Application of selected Malaysian wild plant leaves as potential control of cyanobacterial bloom. Int. Res. J. Environ. Sci., 3: 10-19.