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    Publisher: Academic Journals Inc., USA
   
  International Journal of Zoological Research publishes original research papers, reviews and short communications within the whole field of zoology. Scope of the journal includes: Animal behaviour, biochemistry and physiology, developmental biology, ecology, genetics, morphology and ultrastructure, parasitology and pathology, and systematics and evolution.

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Abd El Wahab, W.M., R.M. Shaapan, M.E.D. Abd El Hafiz Hassanain, H.A. Elfadaly and D.A. Hamdy, 2018. Toxoplasma gondii infection and associated sociodemographic and behavioral risk factors among blood donors. Asian J. Epidemiol., 11: 52-58.
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Abdalhamed, A.M., M.A. Hassanain, G.S.G. Zeedan and R.M. Shaapan, 2019. Evaluation of Toxoplasma gondii propagated in specific pathogen free embryonated chicken egg, for diagnosis of toxoplasmosis in equids and human. J. Parasitic Dis., Vol. 2019 10.1007/s12639-019-01117-3.
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Abdel-Rahman, E.H., A.A. Ghazy and R.M. Shaapan, 2005. Prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in farm horses in Egypt. J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Associ., 65: 99-112.
Abdel-Shafy, S., A.A. Ghazy and R.M. Shaapan, 2019. Applications of electron microscopy in ticks: description, detection of pathogens, and control. Comp. Clin. Pathol., 28: 585-592.
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Abdel-Shafy, S., R.M. Shaapan, K.A. Abdelrahman, A.H. El-Namaky, F.A.M. Abo-Aziza and H.A. Abou Zeina, 2015. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii (Apicomplexa: Sarcocystidae) in the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae) fed on infected rabbits. Res. J. Parasitology, 10: 142-150.
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Abu El Ezz, N.M.T., F.A.M. Khalil and R.M. Shaapan, 2011. Therapeutic effect of onion (Allium cepa) and cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) oils on cryptosporidiosis in experimentally infected mice. Global Veterinaria, 7: 179-183.
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Alanazi, A.D., H.I. Al-Mohammed, M.S. Alyousif, A.E. Said, B. Salim, S. Abdel-Shafy and R.M. Shaapan, 2019. Species diversity and seasonal distribution of hard ticks (acari: ixodidae) infesting mammalian hosts in various districts of Riyadh Province, Saudi Arabia. J. Med. Entomol., 10.1093/jme/tjz036.
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Alanazi, A.D., S. Abdullah, C. Helps, R. Wall and R. Puschendorf et al., 2018. Tick-borne pathogens in ticks and blood samples collected from camels in Riyadh Province, Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Zool. Res., 14: 30-36.
Ata, E.B., A. Zaghawa, A.A. Ghazy, A. Elsify and R.M. Shaapan, 2018. Equine herpes virus type-1 infection: Etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, identification and recent diagnosis. Asian J. Epidemiol., 11: 34-45.
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Barakat, A.M., H.A. El Fadaly, R.M. Shaapan and F.A.M. Khalil, 2011. Occupational health hazard of egyptian employees in contact with wastage nourished swine. J. Am. Sci., 7: 808-813.
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Barakat, A.M., L.M. Salem, A.M. El-Newishy, R.M. Shaapan and E.K. El-Mahllawy, 2012. Zoonotic chicken toxoplasmosis in some Egyptians governorates. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 15: 821-826.
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El Moghazy, F.M., O.M. Kandil and R.M. Shaapan, 2011. Toxoplasma Gondii: Comparison of Some Serological Tests for Antibody Detection in Sera of Naturally Infected Pigs. World J. Zool., 6: 204-208.
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El-Aswad, B.E.W., A.F.A. El-Atty, M.A. El-Melegy, R.M. Shaapan, A.F. Atia, N.A. El Kaddy and M.M. Abd El-Ghaffar, 2018. Roles of inducible Nitric Oxide synthase and interleukin-17 in mice experimentally infected with Trypanosoma evansi. Int. J. Zool. Res., 14: 21-29.
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El-Nawawi, F.A., M.A. Tawfik and R.M. Shaapan, 2008. Methods for inactivation of Toxoplasma gondii cysts in meat and tissues of experimentally infected sheep. Foodborne Pathogen Dis., 5: 687-690.
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Elfadaly, H.A., M.A. Hassanain, R.M. Shaapan, N.A. Hassanain and A.M. Barakat, 2017. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii from wastage nourished small ruminant and poultry: Zoonotic significance. Int. J. Zool. Res., 13: 6-11.
Elfadaly, H.A., M.A. Hassanain, R.M. Shaapan, A.M. Barakat and N.I. Toaleb, 2012. Serological and hormonal assays of murine materno-fetal Toxoplasma gondii infection with emphasis on virulent strains. World J. Med. Sci., 7: 248-254.
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Elfadaly, H.A., M.A. Hassanain, R.M. Shaapan, N.A. Hassanain and A.M. Barakat, 2015. Corticosteroids opportunist higher Toxoplasma gondii brain cysts in latent infected mice. Int. J. Zool. Res., 11: 169-176.
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Elfadaly, H.A., N.A. Hassanain, M.A. Hassanain, A.M. Barakat and R.M. Shaapan, 2018. Evaluation of primitive ground water supplies as a risk factor for the development of major waterborne zoonosis in Egyptian children living in rural areas. J. Infect. Public Health, 11: 203-208.
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Elfadaly, H.A., N.A. Hassanain, R.M. Shaapan, A.M. Barakat and K.A. Abdelrahman, 2017. Molecular detection and genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii from Egyptian isolates. Asian J. Epidemiol., 10: 37-44.
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Elnawawi, F. A., M.A.A. Tawfik and R.M. Shaapan, 2000. Some methods of inactivation or killing of encysted metacercariae in Tilapia muscles. Egypt. J. Vet. Sci., 34: 31-38.
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Ghazy, A.A., R.M. Shaapan and E.H. Abdel-Rahman, 2007. Comparative serological diagnosis of toxoplasmosis in horses using locally isolated Toxoplasma gondii. Vet. Parasitol., 145: 31-36.
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Ghazy, A.A., S. Abdel-Shafy and R.M. Shaapan, 2015. Cryptosporidiosis in animals and man: 1. taxonomic classification, life cycle, epidemiology and zoonotic importance. Asian J. Epidemiol., 8: 48-63.
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Ghazy, A.A., S. Abdel-Shafy and R.M. Shaapan, 2015. Cryptosporidiosis in animals and man: 2. Diagnosis. Asian J. Epidemiol., 8: 84-103.
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Ghazy, A.A., S. Abdel-Shafy and R.M. Shaapan, 2016. Cryptosporidiosis in animals and man: 3. Prevention and control. Asian J. Epidemiol., 9: 1-9.
Ghoneim, N.H., M.A. Hassanain, D.A. Hamza, R.M. Shaapan and S.H. Draz, 2017. Prevalence and molecular epidemiology of Cryptosporidium infection in calves and hospitalized children in Egypt. Res. J. Parasitol., 12: 19-26.
Hassan, S.E., N.I. Toaleb, E.E. El Shanawany, R.M. Shaapan, S.K.A. Abou-El-Dobal and and E.K. Elmahllawy, 2016. Diagnosis of human toxoplasmosis using Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites crude antigen of different origin. Int. J. Zool. Res., 12: 11-17.
Hassan, S.E., N.I. Toaleb, R.M. Shaapan, E.H. Abdel-Rahman and E.K. Elmahallawy, 2016. Diagnosis of toxoplasmosis using affinity purified fraction of Tachyzoites local isolate. Res. J. Parasitol., 11: 13-19.
Hassan, S.E., R.M. Shaapan, A.A. Ghazy and E.H. Abdel-Rahman, 2012. Evaluation of purified horse derived antigen in the diagnosis of human toxoplasmosis. Global Vet., 9: 630-634.
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Hassanai, M.A., K.S. Zaher and R.M. Shaapan, 2014. Impact of local Toxoplasma gondii strain on Herpes simplex virus propagated in tissue culture. World J. Med. Sci., 10: 400-406.
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Hassanain, M.A., A.M. Barakat, H.A. Elfadaly, N.A. Hassanain and R.M. Shaapan, 2008. Zoonotic impact of Toxoplasma gondii Sero-prevalance in naturally infected Egyptian kittens. J. Arab Soc. Med. Res., 3: 243-248.
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Hassanain, M.A., F.A.M. Khalil, K.A. AbdEl-Razik and R.M. Shaapan, 2011. Prevalence and molecular discrimination of Cryptosporidium parvum in calves in Behira provinces, Egypt. Res. J. Parasitol., 6: 101-108.
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Hassanain, M.A., H.A. El-Fadaly, N.A. Hassanain, R.M. Shaapan, A.M. Barakat and K.A.A. El-Razik, 2013. Serological and molecular diagnosis of toxoplasmosis in human and animals. World J. Med. Sci., 9: 243-247.
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Hassanain, M.A., H.A. Elfadaly, R.M. Shaapan, N.A. Hassanain and A.M. Barakat, 2011. Biological assay of Toxoplasma gondii Egyptian mutton isolates. Int. J. Zool. Res., 7: 330-337.
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Hassanain, M.A., N.A. Hassanain and R.M. Shaapan, 2018. A model of pulmonary toxoplasmosis in rats as potential impact on immune deficient diseases. Comp. Clin. Pathol., 27: 1501-1507.
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Hassanain, M.A., R.M. Shaapan and F.A.M. Khalil, 2016. Sero-epidemiological value of some hydatid cyst antigen in diagnosis of human cystic echinococcosis. J. Parasitic Dis., 40: 52-56.
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Hassanain, M.A., R.M. Shaapan and S.K.A. Abou-El-Dobal, 2015. Synergistic anthelmintic effect of Citrus aurantifolia swingle seeds and mebendazole in Egyptian dogs infected with Ancylostoma caninum and Toxocara canis: Trial to solve drug resistance problem. Int. J. Res. Stud. Biosci., 3: 104-111.
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Hassanain, M.A.H., E.H. Abdel-Rahman, N.I. Toaleb, R.M. Shaapan, H.A. Elfadaly and N.A.H. Hassanain, 2013. Development of 116 kDa Fraction for detecting experimental Toxoplasma gondii infections in mice. Iran. J. Parasitol., 8: 441-448.
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Hassanain, N.A., M.A. Hassanain, R.M. Shaapan, H.A. Fadaly and A.M. Barakat, 2010. Diagnosis of Egyptian Bovine Meat Borne Zoonosis. J. Am. Sci., 6: 1526-1533.
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Hassanain, N.A., M.A. Hassanain, W.M. Ahmed, R.M. Shaapan, A.M. Barakat and A. Hassan, 2013. Public health importance of foodborne pathogens. World J. Med. Sci., 9: 208-222.
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Hassanain, N.A., R.M. Shaapan, M.A. Hassanain and F.A.M. Khalil, 2015. Significant zoonotic enteropathogens associated with childhood diarrhea in Egypt. Middle-East J. Sci. Res., 23: 2399-2405.
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Hassanain, N.A.H., R.M. Shaapan and M.A.H. Hassanain, 2018. Associated antenatal health risk factors with incidence of toxoplasmosis in egyptian pregnant women. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 21: 463-468.
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Ismail, M.A.G.M., I.R. Aly, E.Y. Abu-Sarea, S.S. Abdel Gawad and R.M. Shaapan, 2019. Application of latex agglutination and sandwich ELISA in detection of human hydatidosis. J. Med. Sci., 19: 30-37.
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Mahmoud, M.A.E., A.A. Ghazy and R.M. Shaapan, 2019. Diagnosis and control of foot and mouth disease (FMD) in dairy small ruminants; sheep and goats. Int. J. Dairy Sci., 14: 45-52.
Shaapan, R. M., M.A. Hassanain, N.A. Hassanain and H.A. Fadaly, 2008. Induction of Toxoplasma gondii in goats. J. Veterinary Sci., 42: 1-10.
Shaapan, R. and F. Khalil, 2014. Zoonotic Significance of Cryptosporidiosis. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing Publication, Heinrich-Böcking-Str. Saarbrucken, Germany, ISBN- 978-3-659-53506-2, Pages: 68.
Shaapan, R. and W.S. El-Din, 2015. Fish As A Potential Source Of Human Bacterial Infection. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing Publication, Heinrich-Böcking-Str. Saarbrucken, Germany, ISBN 13: 978-3-659-79050-8, Pages: 56.
Shaapan, R., 2012. Public Health Significance of Toxoplasmosis: Epidemiology and Epizootology. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing Publication, Heinrich-Böcking-Str. Saarbrucken, Germany, ISBN-13: 978-3846597354, Pages: 64.
Shaapan, R., F.A.M. Khalil and M.T.A.E.E. Nadia, 2011. Cryptosporidiosis and Toxoplasmosis in native quails of Egypt. Res. J. Vet. Sci., 4: 30-36.
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Shaapan, R.M. and A.A. Ghazy, 2007. Isolation of Toxoplasma gondii from horse meat in Egypt. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 10: 174-177.
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Shaapan, R.M. and A.M.K. Fathia, 2005. Isolation of Toxoplasma gondii from camel meat in Egypt. J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Assoc., 65: 187-195.
Shaapan, R.M. and A.Z. Shehata, 2019. Efficacy of Trigonella stellata (Fabaceae) and Eucalyptus citriodora (Verbenaceae) Extracts against the House Fly, Musca domestica (Diptera:Muscidae). J. Entomol., 16: 1-8.
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Shaapan, R.M. and H.A. Elfadaly, 2015. Latency in Toxoplasmosis. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany, ISBN-13: 978-3659761348, Pages: 72.
Shaapan, R.M. and M.F. Khalil, 2008. Evaluation of different Toxoplasma gondii isolates as antigens used in the modified agglutination test for the detection of toxoplasmosis in camels and donkeys. Am. Eur. J. Agric. Environ. Sci., 3: 837-841.
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Shaapan, R.M. and N.A. Hassannain, 2007. Comparison of horse derived Toxoplasma gondii as antigen with a commercial available ELISA Kit for the detection of IgG antibodies in human sera. Global Veterinaira, 1: 31-35.
Shaapan, R.M., 2015. The common zoonotic protozoal diseases causing abortion. J. Parasitic Dis. 10.1007/s12639-015-0661-5.
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Shaapan, R.M., 2016. The common zoonotic protozoal diseases causing abortion. J. Parasitic Dis., 40: 1116-1129.
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Shaapan, R.M., A.M. Abo-ElMaaty, K.A. Abd El-Razik and S.M. Abd El-Hafez, 2012. PCR and serological assays for detection of toxoplasma gondii infection in sport horses in Cairo, Egypt. Asian J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 70: 158-165.
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Shaapan, R.M., F.A. El-Nawawi and M.A.A. Tawfik, 2008. Sensitivity and specificity of various serological tests for the detection of Toxoplasma gondii infection in naturally infected sheep. Vet. Parasitol., 153: 359-362.
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Shaapan, R.M., G.S.G. Zeedan, M.N. Soad and A.M. Abdal hamed, 2014. Immunostimulant effect of egyptian propolis extract against parapox virus in experimental rats. Nat. Sci., 12: 20-25.
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Shaapan, R.M., M.A. Hassanain and F.A.M. Khalil, 2010. Modified agglutination test for serologic survey of Toxoplasma gondii infection in goats and water buffaloes in Egypt. Res. J. Parasitol., 5: 13-17.
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Shaapan, R.M., N.I. Toaleb and E.H. Abdel-Rahman, 2015. Significance of a common 65 kDa antigen in the experimental fasciolosis and toxoplasmosis. J. Parasit. Dis., 39: 550-556.
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Shaapan, R.M., O.M. Kandil and S.A. Nassar, 2015. Comparison of PCR and serologic survey for diagnosis of toxoplasmosis in sheep. Res. J. Parasitology, 10: 66-72.
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Shell, W.S., M.A. Saad, K.A. Abd El-Razik, M.L. Sayed and R.M. Shaapan, 2012. Brucella ovis as a Common Antigen for Rapid Diagnosis of Rough Brucellosis in Cattle and Sheep. Res. J. Microbiol., 7: 68-74.
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Soliman, W.S., R.M. Shaapan, L.A. Mohamed, A.M. Younes, M.Y. Elgendy and D.A. Salah El Din, 2017. Laboratory screening of biogenic amines producing bacteria potentially threatens human health in some Egyptian fish and fish products. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 12: 134-140.
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Tawfik, M.A.A., F.A. Elnawawi and R.M. Shaapan, 2000. Studies on some fish-borne trematodes in Egypt. Egypt. J. Vet. Sci., 34: 39-48.
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Toaleb, N.I., R.M. Shaapan and E.H. Abdel-Rahman, 2014. Adoption of Immuno-Affinity isolated fasciola gigantica fraction for diagnosis of ovine toxoplasmosis. Global Veterinaria. .
Toaleb, N.I., R.M. Shaapan, S.E. Hassan and F.M. El-Moghazy, 2013. High diagnostic efficiency of affinity isolated fraction in camel and cattle toxoplasmosis. World J. Med. Sci., 8: 61-66.
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Zeedan, G.S., M.A. Hassanain and R.M. Shaapan, 2014. Isolation of parapox viruses from skin lesion of man and animals in middle Egypt. Global Vet., 12: 19-25.
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