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Articles by Zaleha Md. Isa
Total Records ( 4 ) for Zaleha Md. Isa
  Hasanain Faisal Ghazi , Zaleha Md. Isa , Syed Aljunid , Azmi Mohd. Tamil and Mohammed A. Abdalqader
  Nutrition for children especially during the development stage is crucial. A lot of studies have been done to observe the effects of nutrition on child cognition development but the situation in Iraq is absolutely different. A cross-sectional study was carried out in Baghdad city, Iraq to assess the nutritional status and nutritional habit of primary school children and to relate it with their Intelligence Quotient (IQ) score using standardized tools. The prevalence of malnutrition was 12.1% among Iraqi children. Nutritional status, nutritional habit and breakfast intake were significantly associated with children intelligence (p = <0.001, <0.001, <0.001) respectively. Malnutrition among children is still to be a public health issue in Iraq and it is affecting the child cognitive function and academic performance at school.
  Hasanain Faisal Ghazi , Zaleha Md. Isa , Syed Aljunid , Shamsul Azhar Shah and Mohammed A. Abdalqader
  Nutrient component of diet is very important, especially for children during the development stages. Diet rich in vitamins and minerals is essential for healthy children. This study was conducted to assess the associations between energy intake, macronutrient composition and child Intelligence Quotient (IQ) score. A cross-sectional study was conducted among children aged 7 to 8 years old from 5 primary schools in Baghdad city. Dietary intake was assessed using 24-hour dietary recall. Body weight status was determined using weight and height. While intelligence quotient was evaluated using Raven Colored Progressive Matrices. A total of 480 children participated in this study. The mean age was 8.00±0.56 years. Mean energy intake among the children was 1, 020 kcal per day. There were excessive intake of vitamin B1, B2 and B3 (0.88, 1.12, 12.27 mg) respectively. Both low and normal IQ groups showed a large difference in vitamin A and iodine intakes. After adjusting for confounders, parental working status, Iodine level and child nutritional status still appeared to be the most important factors influencing child IQ. It is concluded that sufficient nutrient intake is very important during child cognitive development. Child nutritional status and iodine deficiency were the most important factors related to child’s intelligence among the respondents.
  Jamsiah Mustafa , Nazma Mohd Salleh , Zaleha Md. Isa and Hasanain Faisal Ghazi
  Globally, overweight has become the epidemic due to world growth in industry, economy, urbanization and globalization. This study was conducted to highlight the overweight problem and its associated factors among health care workers in Suburban District of Hulu Langat, Selangor, Malaysia. A cross sectional study was conducted using IPAQ short version and Food Frequency Questionnaire to measure fat intake while knowledge was measured using a set of validated questionnaire. The anthropometric measurement was carried out using a calibrated SECA scale, body meter and measurement tape. Data was analyzed using software Diet 4. The overweight prevalence in this study is 46.1%. Age, sex, marital status, length of service, parity, education and income were significantly associated with overweight. However logistic regression showed that only education level and income has significant associations with overweight. It is concluded that the overweight prevalence among health workers is higher compared to previous studies in Malaysia. Higher income and low level of education are the predictors of overweight among health care workers.
  Sena Abdullah Abdul Jabbar Al-Qalah , Hasanain Faisal Ghazi , Zaleha Md. Isa and Norimah A. Karim
  Overweight and obesity is a public health concern. Previously, obesity was exclusive to developed country only but nowadays, it is on the rise in developing countries as well. The purpose of this study was to determine the pattern of dietary weight loss practice among Malaysian government working women who are working in selected public funded institutions in Malaysia. This cross-sectional study involved two phases; firstly 639 adult Malaysian working women were recruited and underwent weight loss screening process and secondly 120 working women identified from the screening process based on their experience of losing at least 10% of their highest lifetime body weight, which is a criterion for successful weight loss. Simple random sampling method was used to select 4 ministries in Putrajaya vicinity, Kuala Lumpur and 25 schools in Bandar Baru Bangi. Data were collected via a survey using a set of self-administered questionnaire that includes socio-demographic characteristics, weight history and anthropometric measurements (weight, height, waist circumference, body fat). The study was conducted within one year duration from June 2011 to June 2012. The prevalence of successful weight loss among government working women was 18.8% (120/639). The mean age of women who experienced successful weight loss in this study was 33.2±7.7 years old. Majority of these women were married (72.5%), of Malay ethnicity (96.7%), had 1.3±1.5 children and had college or university degree (79.2%). Eat more fruits and vegetables was the predominant dietary weight loss strategy used (50.8%), followed by reduce the amount of eating food (49.2%) and reduce fatty food intake (42.5%). The prevalence of successful weight loss was low (18.8%) among government working women in selected public funded institutions in Malaysia. Eat more fruits and vegetables, reduce the amount of eating food and reduce fatty food intake were the main dietary weight loss strategies used by these women.
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