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Articles by Z Cao
Total Records ( 3 ) for Z Cao
  Z Cao , Y Gao and G. Tao

A 56-yr-old woman with chronic hepatitis B and decompensated hepatic cirrhosis was treated with liver transplantation. At the beginning of the neohepatic phase, her arterial blood pressure remained at 60/40 mm Hg for approximately 40 min and did not respond to vasoconstrictive drugs. Her other clinical and laboratory values remained normal, apart from a high cardiac output and low systemic vascular resistance. This patient was diagnosed with vasoplegic syndrome and was treated with IV infusion of methylene blue (0.5 mg/kg) and norepinephrine. This report has potential significance to treatment in patients who undergo orthotopic liver transplantation.

  Z Cao , A Kozielski , X Liu , Y Wang , D Vardeman and B. Giovanella

To find a more effective and less toxic chemotherapeutic agent, we have successfully prepared crystalline camptothecin-20(S)-O-propionate hydrate (CZ48) by reacting camptothecin with propionic anhydride using concentrated sulfuric acid as catalyst. The biological effectiveness of this new anticancer agent was evaluated by using xenografts of human cancers in nude mice as the testing models. The extensive treatment of 21 human tumors with various dose levels of CZ48 has shown that this agent is highly effective against many different human tumors tested with a striking lack of toxicity. Of the 21 human tumor lines tested, 9 regressed, 5 were <10% of the control, 3 were <20%, and 2 were <40%. Two tumors did not respond. The total response rate was 90% (19 of 21). No toxicity was observed in mice. The effective doses required to achieve the positive response varied from 100 to 1,000 mg/kg/d depending on the tumors. The maximum tolerated dose was not reached because of the nontoxic nature of the drug in mice. Thus, this compound has a much wider therapeutic index compared with that of the existing anticancer drugs currently in use. [Cancer Res 2009;69(11):4742–9]

  C Saravanan , Z Cao and S. R Head

It is generally accepted that the glycans on the cell surface and extracellular matrix proteins play a pivotal role in the events that mediate re-epithelialization of wounds. Yet, the global alteration in the structure and composition of glycans, specifically occuring during corneal wound closure remains unknown. In this study, GLYCOv2 glycogene microarray technology was used for the first time to identify the differentially expressed glycosylation-related genes in healing mouse corneas. Of ~2000 glycogenes on the array, the expression of 11 glycosytransferase and glycosidase enzymes was upregulated and that of 19 was downregulated more than 1.5-fold in healing corneas compared with the normal, uninjured corneas. Among them, notably, glycosyltransferases, β3GalT5, T-synthase, and GnTIVb, were all found to be induced in the corneas in response to injury, whereas, GnTIII and many sialyltransferases were downregulated. Interestingly, it appears that the glycan structures on glycoproteins and glycolipids, expressed in healing corneas as a result of differential regulation of these glycosyltransferases, may serve as specific counter-receptors for galectin-3, a carbohydrate-binding protein, known to play a key role in re-epithelialization of corneal wounds. Additionally, many glycogenes including a proteoglycan, glypican-3, cell adhesion proteins dectin-1 and -2, and mincle, and mucin 1 were identified for the first time to be differentially regulated during corneal wound healing. Results of glycogene microarray data were confirmed by qRT-PCR and lectin blot analyses. The differentially expressed glycogenes identified in the present study have not previously been investigated in the context of wound healing and represent novel factors for investigating the role of carbohydrate-mediated recognition in corneal wound healing.

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