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Articles by Yunqi Geng
Total Records ( 2 ) for Yunqi Geng
  Juan Tan , Wentao Qiao , Jian Wang , Fengwen Xu , Yue Li , Jun Zhou , Qimin Chen and Yunqi Geng
  Interferon-induced proteins (IFPs) exert multiple functions corresponding to diverse interferon signals. However, the intracellular functions of many IFPs are not fully characterized. Here, we report that IFP35, a member of the IFP family with a molecular mass of 35 kDa, can interact with the bovine Tas (BTas) regulatory protein of bovine foamy virus (BFV). The interaction involves NID2 (IFP35/Nmi homology domain) of IFP35 and the central domain of BTas. The overexpression of IFP35 disturbs the ability of BTas to activate viral-gene transcription and inhibits viral replication. The depletion of endogenous IFP35 by interfering RNA can promote the activation of BFV, suggesting an inhibitory function of IFP35 in viral-gene expression. In addition, IFP35 can interact with the homologous regulatory protein of prototype FV and arrest viral replication and repress viral transcription. Our study suggests that IFP35 may represent a novel pathway of interferon-mediated antiviral activity in host organisms that plays a role in the maintenance of FV latency.
  Xin Li , Zhiyong Lou , Xuemei Li , Weihong Zhou , Ming Ma , Youjia Cao , Yunqi Geng , Mark Bartlam , Xuejun C. Zhang and Zihe Rao
  X-prolyl aminopeptidases catalyze the removal of a penultimate prolyl residue from the N termini of peptides. Mammalian X-prolyl aminopeptidases are shown to be responsible for the degradation of bradykinin, a blood pressure regulator peptide, and have been linked to myocardial infarction. The x-ray crystal structure of human cytosolic X-prolyl aminopeptidase (XPN-PEP1) was solved at a resolution of 1.6Å. The structure reveals a dimer with a unique three-domain organization in each subunit, rather than the two domains common to all other known structures of X-prolyl aminopeptidase and prolidases. The C-terminal catalytic domain of XPNPEP1 coordinates two metal ions and shares a similar fold with other prolyl aminopeptidases. Metal content analysis and activity assays confirm that the enzyme is double Mn(II) dependent for its activity, which contrasts with the previous notion that each XPNPEP1 subunit contains only one Mn(II) ion. Activity assays on an E41A mutant demonstrate that the acidic residue, which was considered as a stabilizing factor in the protonation of catalytic residue His498, plays only a marginal role in catalysis. Further mutagenesis reveals the significance of the N-terminal domain and dimerization for the activity of XPNPEP1, and we provide putative structural explanations for their functional roles. Structural comparisons further suggest mechanisms for substrate selectivity in different X-prolyl peptidases.
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