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Articles by Y. Zheng
Total Records ( 5 ) for Y. Zheng
  H. LIU , X. WU , W. ZHAO , M. XUE , L. GUO , Y. YU and Y. ZHENG
  Apparent digestibility coefficients (ADCs) of dry matter (ADCd), crude protein (ADCp), energy (ADCe) and amino acids in selected feedstuffs were determined for juvenile Siberian sturgeon (8.38±0.20g). The tested feedstuffs were fishmeal (FM), meat and bone meal (MBM), poultry by-product meal, hydrolysed feather meal, fermented feather meal solvent-extracted cottonseed meal and soybean meal. ADCs were determined using a reference diet and test diets at 7:3 ratios with 5gkg-1 chromic oxide (Cr2O3) as an inert marker. Fish were reared in a recirculating system and fed to apparent satiation five times daily. Cr2O3 in diets and faeces samples were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) and acid-digestion colorimetry (AC) methods, respectively. The results showed that ICP-AES method was more accurate for Cr2O3 determination than AC method, and the results determined by ICP-AES method were used in this study. ADCd and ADCp of seven tested ingredients were lowest for MBM (59.1 and 84.5%) and highest for FM (79.9 and 94.5%); ADCe of tested ingredients were from 71.8% for SECM to 93.2% for FM. ADCs of amino acid in test ingredients followed similar trend to the ADCp. The ADCs of individual amino acids varied from 61.6% (histidine in MBM) to 98.8% (valine in FM).
  A Helander and Y. Zheng

Background: The alcohol biomarker phosphatidylethanol (PEth) comprises a group of ethanol-derived phospholipids formed from phosphatidylcholine by phospholipase D. The PEth molecular species have a common phosphoethanol head group onto which 2 fatty acid moieties are attached. We developed an electrospray ionization (ESI) LC-MS method for qualitative and quantitative measurement of different PEth species in human blood.

Methods: We subjected a total lipid extract of whole blood to HPLC gradient separation on a C4 column and performed LC-ESI-MS analysis using selected ion monitoring of deprotonated molecules for the PEth species and phosphatidylpropanol (internal standard). Identification of individual PEth species was based on ESI–tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) analysis of product ions.

Results: The fatty acid moieties were the major product ions of PEth, based on comparison with PEth-16:0/16:0, 18:1/18:1, and 16:0/18:1 reference material. For LC-MS analysis of different PEth species in blood, we used a calibration curve covering 0.2–7.0 µmol/L PEth-16:0/18:1. The lower limit of quantitation of the method was <0.1 µmol/L, and intra- and interassay CVs were <9% and <11%. In blood samples collected from 38 alcohol patients, the total PEth concentration ranged between 0.1 and 21.7 µmol/L (mean 8.9). PEth-16:0/18:1 and 16:0/18:2 were the predominant molecular species, accounting for approximately 37% and 25%, respectively, of total PEth. PEth-16:0/20:4 and mixtures of 18:1/18:1 plus 18:0/18:2 (not separated using selected ion monitoring because of identical molecular masses) and 16:0/20:3 plus 18:1/18.2 made up approximately 13%, 12%, and 8%.

Conclusions: This LC-MS method allows simultaneous qualitative and quantitative measurement of several PEth molecular species in whole blood samples.

  G.Y. Wei , G.X. Wu , Y.Y. Gu and Y. Zheng
  This study proposes an adaptive information discovery framework for computational grid, called PIVOT. With an active information discovery mechanism, PIVOT can extract and provide explicit information of distributed grid resources for specific scheduling algorithm. By introducing a tunable α-hops flooding method for distributed information query and collection, PIVOT supports customized resources information retrieval to fulfill requirements of applications. The scalable and adaptive information discovering mechanism of PIVOT is better than traditional pre-configured information services. PIVOT is implemented in the grid environment MASSIVE and is evaluated with an actual scheduling algorithm. Experiments demonstrate that PIVOT improves the effectiveness of resources scheduling and lessen the executing time of grid tasks.
  Z Liu and Y. Zheng

Eukaryotic cells possess a sophisticated membrane system to facilitate diverse functions. Whereas much is known about the nature of membrane systems in interphase, the organization and function of the mitotic membrane system are less well understood. In this study, we show that epsin, an endocytic adapter protein, regulates mitotic membrane morphology and spindle integrity in HeLa cells. Using epsin that harbors point mutations in the epsin NH2-terminal homology domain and spindle assembly assays in Xenopus laevis egg extracts, we show that epsin-induced membrane curvature is required for proper spindle morphogenesis, independent of its function in endocytosis during interphase. Although several other membrane-interacting proteins, including clathrin, AP2, autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia, and GRASP65, are implicated in the regulation of mitosis, whether they participate through regulation of membrane organization is unclear. Our study of epsin provides evidence that mitotic membrane organization influences spindle integrity.

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