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Articles by Y. Xu
Total Records ( 8 ) for Y. Xu
  Z. DING , Y. XU , H. ZHANG , S. WANG , W. CHEN and Z. SUN
  An experiment was conducted in the laboratory to investigate the effects of additive ratios of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on the growth and survival of cobia (Rachycentron canadum) juveniles from August to October 2005. Three hundred and eighty cobia juveniles (56 days of age, body weight 6.9 ± 0.1 g, body length 9.2 ± 0.1 cm) were selected and 20 of them were freely taken for initial sample analysis in the week 0. Additional 360 juveniles were randomly assigned into eight groups with triplicate, total 24 tanks with 15 fish each. Cobia juveniles were reared in glass-steel tanks (200-L volume per tank) using filtered seawater with temperature 26–30.5 °C, salinity 25.4–33.0 g L−1 and pH 7.8–8.0. Cobia juveniles were fed for 8 weeks using seven treatment diets (D-1 to D-7) with the same amount of DHA and EPA (15.0 ± 1.2 g kg−1 of dried diet), but varying ratios of DHA to EPA (0.9, 1.1, 1.3, 1.5, 1.7, 1.9, 2.1, respectively) and a control diet (D-0, DHA + EPA = 8.0 g kg−1 of dried diet, DHA/EPA = 1.3). Five juveniles per tank were randomly taken for sample analysis at the end of weeks 4 and 8, respectively. The highest protein efficiency rate (PER; 1.5 in mean), average body weight (BW; 73.3 g per fish in mean) and the lowest feed conversion ratio (FCR; 1.6 in mean) were obtained in cobia juveniles fed the control diet at the end of week 8. These parameters were significantly different (P < 0.05) among juveniles fed the control and treatment diets; however, no significant difference (P > 0.05) was found among juveniles fed the treatment diets evaluated in this study. It was concluded that the survival and growth of cobia juveniles were not greatly influenced by additive ratios of DHA to EPA in our experimental conditions.
  B. L Carter , G Ardery , J. D Dawson , P. A James , G. R Bergus , W. R Doucette , E. A Chrischilles , C. L Franciscus and Y. Xu

Background  Studies have demonstrated that blood pressure (BP) control can be improved when clinical pharmacists assist with patient management. The objective of this study was to evaluate if a physician and pharmacist collaborative model in community-based medical offices could improve BP control.

Methods  This was a prospective, cluster randomized, controlled clinical trial with clinics randomized to a control group (n = 3) or to an intervention group (n = 3). The study enrolled 402 patients (mean age, 58.3 years) with uncontrolled hypertension. Clinical pharmacists made drug therapy recommendations to physicians based on national guidelines. Research nurses performed BP measurements and 24-hour BP monitoring.

Results  The mean (SD) guideline adherence scores increased from 49.4 (19.3) at baseline to 53.4 (18.1) at 6 months (8.1% increase) in the control group and from 40.4 (22.6) at baseline to 62.8 (13.5) at 6 months (55.4% increase) in the intervention group (P = .09 for adjusted between-group comparison). The mean BP decreased 6.8/4.5 mm Hg in the control group and 20.7/9.7 mm Hg in the intervention group (P < .05 for between-group systolic BP comparison). The adjusted difference in systolic BP was –12.0 (95% confidence interval [CI], –24.0 to 0.0) mm Hg, while the adjusted difference in diastolic BP was –1.8 (95% CI, –11.9 to 8.3) mm Hg. The 24-hour BP levels showed similar effect sizes. Blood pressure was controlled in 29.9% of patients in the control group and in 63.9% of patients in the intervention group (adjusted odds ratio, 3.2; 95% CI, 2.0-5.1; P < .001).

Conclusions  A physician and pharmacist collaborative intervention achieved significantly better mean BP and overall BP control rates compared with a control group. Additional research should be conducted to evaluate efficient strategies to implement team-based chronic disease management.

Trial Registration Identifier: NCT00201019

  Y. Lin , Y. Xu , G. Chen , B. Huang , J. Yao , Z. Chen , L. Yao , F. Lin , Y. Qiao , Z. Chen , S. Zhu , H. Huang and J. Wen
  Objective  It has been suggested that serum γ-glutamyltransferase is independently associated with cardiovascular mortality and atherosclerosis. The present study is to investigate the relationship between serum γ-glutamyltransferase and potential associated damage in an adult She Chinese population.

Method  A multistage, stratified, cluster, random sampling method was used to select an ethnically representative group of individuals aged 20-80 years in the general population. Brachial-ankle pulse-wave velocity was used to assess arterial stiffness in the general population and the Toronto Clinical Neuropathy Scoring System was used to detect diabetic peripheral polyneuropathy among populations with diabetes.

Results  A total of 5385 subjects were entered into the analysis. Serum γ-glutamyltransferase levels were classified into four groups using the 25th, 50th and 75th percentiles as cut points (males: < 20, 20-29, 29-52 and > 52 U/l; females: < 13, 13-18, 18-25 and > 25 U/l). As compared with the first quartile, the relative risks of arterial stiffness were 1.418, 1.667 and 2.394 in the other three categories, respectively (test for trend P < 0.05). After adjustment in five models, serum γ-glutamyltransferase was still a risk factor of arterial stiffness. We found inverted U-shape curves in both genders and the third quartile (male: 29 52 U/l; female: 18-25 U/l) had the highest odds ratios of 1.640 and 1.529, respectively.

Conclusions  We demonstrated that high serum γ-glutamyltransferase concentrations were directly associated with the increased risk of arterial stiffness, in general, and with peripheral polyneuropathy in subjects with diabetes in an ethnic She Chinese population. Alcohol use, gender, BMI and blood pressure were related to serum γ-glutamyltransferase and were involved in the relationship between serum γ-glutamyltransferase and brachial-ankle pulse-wave velocity.

  M. Peyrot , Q. Harshaw , A. C. Shillington , Y. Xu and R. R. Rubin
  Aim  To assess the reliability and validity of the Diabetes Medication System Rating Questionnaire among 537 US adults with Type 2 diabetes using five different diabetes medication regimens (oral agents with and without insulin; insulin only by syringe and by pen; glucagon-like peptide 1 agents).

Methods  The Diabetes Medication System Rating Questionnaire assesses the treatment experience of patients using any diabetes medication system that uses nine measures (Convenience, Negative Events, Interference, Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose Burden, Efficacy, Social Burden, Psychological Well-Being, Treatment Satisfaction, Treatment Preference). It was administered via an initial online survey, along with other validated measures of treatment satisfaction and medication adherence, with a retest administered within 2 weeks. Participants were 52.5% male, 57.4% aged 40-64 years, 83.6% white and 95.2% non-Hispanic. Most (75.6%) had attended college and 58.3% had been diagnosed with diabetes for more than 10 years.

Results  Median inter-item agreement was 0.86. Median test-retest reliability was also 0.86. All correlations between Diabetes Medication System Rating Questionnaire measures and criterion measures of treatment satisfaction and adherence were statistically significant (P < 0.01) in the expected direction. Correlations between Diabetes Medication System Rating Questionnaire and the corresponding criterion measures of treatment satisfaction ranged from 0.349 to 0.629 (absolute values; interpolated median 0.568); correlations of the same measures with adherence ranged from 0.384 to 0.450 (absolute values; mean 0.411). Diabetes Medication System Rating Questionnaire measures differentiated among groups taking different medications and those using different delivery systems for the same medication.

Conclusions  This study suggests that the Diabetes Medication System Rating Questionnaire has good reliability and validity and provides a more comprehensive set of measures than existing medication satisfaction questionnaires.

  X. Mao , Y. Xu , J. Liu , H. Ma and R. Gao
  In this paper, we develop an algorithm for tracking the center of swarm systems to a desired trajectory by using the sliding-mode control method. The algorithm is robust with respect to system perturbations and external disturbance. Simulation further shows the effectiveness very well.
  J.F. Wang , X.J. Hu , Y.M. Zhang , Y. Xu , H.B. Wang , B.S. Zhang , K. Xu and H. Yang

An in-situ optical monitoring system made in our laboratory is set up on the horizontal hydride vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE) equipment. From the growth rate information provided by this system, some basic growth parameters are optimized and high-quality GaN layers are grown. The growth stress of the HVPE GaN layer grown on different templates is also examined through the in-situ optical measuring.

  J.Q. Liu , J.F. Wang , Y.F. Liu , K. Huang , X.J. Hu , Y.M. Zhang , Y. Xu , K. Xu and H. Yang

The threading dislocation density of hydride vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE)-grown thick GaN layers was measured by high-resolution X-ray diffraction (HR-XRD). Three models were compared, namely mosaic model, Kaganer model and modified Kaganer model. X-ray rocking curves (XRC) of (0 0 0 2), (1 0 1¯ 5), (1 0 1¯ 4), (1 0 1¯ 3), (1 0 1¯ 2), (1 0 1¯ 1) and (1 0 1¯ 0) planes were recorded for quantitative analysis. The screw-, edge-, and mixed-type threading dislocation densities were simulated from the XRD line profile by using the three models. The dislocation density was also measured by atomic force microscopy (AFM), wet chemical etching and cathodoluminescence (CL). The results showed that the Kaganer model was more physically precise and well explained the rocking curve broadening for HVPE-grown high-quality GaN compared with the mosaic model. Assuming a randomly distributed threading dislocation configuration, we modified the Kaganer model. Based on the modified Kaganer model, the edge and screw threading dislocation densities in HVPE-grown GaN thick films ranging from 20 μm up to 700 μm were analyzed. It was shown that screw-type dislocation density decreased more rapidly than edge-type dislocation with increase in film thickness.

  P. S. F Yip , C. K Law , K. W Fu , Y. W Law , P. W. C Wong and Y. Xu

We conducted an exploratory controlled trial to examine the efficacy of restricting access to charcoal in preventing suicides from carbon monoxide poisoning by charcoal burning in Hong Kong. All charcoal packs were removed from the open shelves of major retail outlets in the intervention region for 12 months; in the control region, charcoal packs were displayed as usual. The suicide rate from charcoal burning was reduced by a statistically significant margin in the intervention region (P<0.05) but not in the control region. We observed no significant change in the suicide rate using other methods in either location.

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