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Articles by Y. Ikeda
Total Records ( 2 ) for Y. Ikeda
  H Ihara , S Hanashima , T Okada , R Ito , Y Yamaguchi , N Taniguchi and Y. Ikeda
 

FUT8, a eukaryotic 1,6-fucosyltransferase, catalyzes the transfer of a fucosyl residue from guanine nucleotide diphosphate-β-l-fucose to the innermost GlcNAc of an asparagine-linked oligosaccharide (N-glycan). The catalytic domain of FUT8 is structurally similar to that of NodZ, a bacterial 1,6-fucosyltransferase, which acts on a chitooligosaccharide in the synthesis of Nod factor. While the substrate specificities for the nucleotide sugar and the N-glycan have been determined, it is not known whether FUT8 is able to fucosylate other sugar chains such as chitooligosaccharides. The present study was conducted to investigate the action of FUT8 on chitooligosaccharides that are not generally thought to be a substrate in mammals, and the results indicate that FUT8 is able to fucosylate such structures in a manner comparable to NodZ. Surprisingly, structural analyses of the fucosylated products by high performance liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance indicated that FUT8 does not utilize the reducing terminal GlcNAc for fucose transfer but shows a preference for the third GlcNAc residue from the nonreducing terminus of the acceptor. These findings suggest that FUT8 catalyzes the fucosylation of chitooligosaccharide analogous to NodZ, but that a nonreducing terminal chitotriose structure is required for the reaction. The substrate recognition by which FUT8 selects the position to fucosylate might be distinct from that for NodZ and could be due to structural factor requirements which are inherent in FUT8.

  T Okada , H Ihara , R Ito , M Nakano , K Matsumoto , Y Yamaguchi , N Taniguchi and Y. Ikeda
 

The baculovirus–insect cell expression system is in widespread use for expressing post-translationally modified proteins. As a result, it is potentially applicable for the production of glycoproteins for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes. For practical use, however, remodeling of the biosynthetic pathway of host-cell N-glycosylation is required because insect cells produce paucimannosidic glycoforms, which are different from the typical mammalian glycoform, due to trimming of the non-reducing terminal β1,2-GlcNAc residue of the core structure by a specific β-N-acetylglucosaminidase. In order to establish a cell line which could be used as a host for the baculovirus-based production of glycoproteins with mammalian-type N-glycosylation, we prepared and characterized Spodoptera frugiperda Sf21 cells that had been transfected with the rat cDNA for β1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase III (GnT-III), which catalyzes the addition of a bisecting GlcNAc. As evidenced by structural analyses of N-glycans prepared from whole cells and the expressed recombinant glycoproteins, the introduction of GnT-III led to the production of bisected hybrid-type N-glycans in which the β1,2-GlcNAc residue at the 1,3-mannosyl branch is completely retained and which has the potential to be present in mammalian cells. These results and other related findings suggest that bisected oligosaccharides are highly resistant to β-N-acetylglucosaminidase activity of the S. frugiperda fused lobes gene product, or other related enzymes, which was confirmed in Sf21 cells. Our present study demonstrates that GnT-III transfection has the potential to be an effective approach in humanizing the N-glycosylation of lepidopteran insect cells, thereby providing a possible preliminary step for the generation of complex-type glycoforms if the presence of a bisecting GlcNAc can be tolerated.

 
 
 
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