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Articles by Y Su
Total Records ( 3 ) for Y Su
  V. V Levina , B Nolen , Y Su , A. K Godwin , D Fishman , J Liu , G Mor , L. G Maxwell , R. B Herberman , M. J Szczepanski , M. E Szajnik , E Gorelik and A. E. Lokshin

There is increasing evidence that prolactin (PRL), a hormone/cytokine, plays a role in breast, prostate, and colorectal cancers via local production or accumulation. Elevated levels of serum PRL in ovarian and endometrial cancers have been reported, indicating a potential role for PRL in endometrial and ovarian carcinogenesis. In this study, we show that serum PRL levels are significantly elevated in women with a strong family history of ovarian cancer. We show dramatically increased expression of PRL receptor in ovarian and endometrial tumors as well as in endometrial hyperplasia, signifying the importance of PRL signaling in malignant and premalignant conditions. PRL mRNA was expressed in ovarian and endometrial tumors, indicating the presence of an autocrine loop. PRL potently induced proliferation in several ovarian and endometrial cancer cell lines. Binding of PRL to its receptor was followed by rapid phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2, mitogen-activated protein kinase/ERK kinase 1, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, CREB, ATF-2, and p53 and activation of 37 transcription factors in ovarian and endometrial carcinoma cells. PRL also activated Ras oncogene in these cells. When human immortalized normal ovarian epithelial cells were chronically exposed to PRL, a malignant transformation occurred manifested by the acquired ability of transformed cells to form clones, grow in soft agar, and form tumors in severe combined immunodeficient-beige mice. Transformation efficiency was diminished by a Ras inhibitor, providing proof that PRL-induced transformation uses the Ras pathway. In summary, we present findings that indicate an important role for PRL in ovarian and endometrial tumorigenesis. PRL may represent a risk factor for ovarian and endometrial cancers. [Cancer Res 2009;69(12):5226–33]

  J. A Meador , Y Su , J. L Ravanat and A. S. Balajee

Brain tumor cells respond poorly to radiotherapy and chemotherapy due to inherently efficient anti-apoptotic and DNA repair mechanisms. This necessitates the development of new strategies for brain cancer therapy. Here, we report that the DNA-demethylating agent Zebularine preferentially sensitizes the killing of human glioblastomas deficient in DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK). In contrast to DNA-PK-proficient human glioblastoma cells (MO59K), cytotoxicity assay with increasing Zebularine concentrations up to 300 µM resulted in a specific elevation of cell killing in DNA-PK-deficient MO59J cells. Further, an elevated frequency of polyploid cells observed in MO59J cells after Zebularine treatment pointed out a deficiency in mitotic checkpoint control. Existence of mitotic checkpoint deficiency in MO59J cells was confirmed by the abnormal centrosome number observed in Zebularine-treated MO59J cells. Although depletion of DNA methyltransferase 1 by Zebularine occurred at similar levels in both cell lines, MO59J cells displayed increased extent of DNA demethylation detected both at the gene promoter-specific level and at the genome overall level. Consistent with increased sensitivity, deoxy-Zebularine adduct level in the genomic DNA was 3- to 6-fold higher in MO59J than in MO59K cells. Elevated micronuclei frequency observed after Zebularine treatment in MO59J cells indicates the impairment of DNA repair response in MO59J cells. Collectively, our study suggests that DNA-PK is the major determining factor for cellular response to Zebularine.

  M. Z Zhang , Y Su , B Yao , W Zheng , M deCaestecker and R. C. Harris

Tissue microarray (TMA) is a new high-throughput method that enables simultaneous analysis of the profiles of protein expression in multiple tissue samples. TMA technology has not previously been adapted for physiological and pathophysiological studies of rodent kidneys. We have evaluated the validity and reliability of using TMA to assess protein expression in mouse and rat kidneys. A representative TMA block that we have produced included: (1) mouse and rat kidney cortex, outer medulla, and inner medulla fixed with different fixatives; (2) rat kidneys at different stages of development fixed with different fixatives; (3) mouse and rat kidneys with different physiological or pathophysiological treatments; and (4) built-in controls. As examples of the utility, immunostaining for cyclooxygenase-2, renin, Tamm Horsfall protein, aquaporin-2, connective tissue growth factor, and synaptopodin was carried out with kidney TMA slides. Quantitative analysis of cyclooxygense-2 expression in kidneys confirms that individual cores provide meaningful representations comparable to whole-kidney sections. These studies show that kidney TMA technique is a promising and useful tool for investigating the expression profiles of proteins of interest in rodent kidneys under different physiological and pathophysiological conditions. (J Histochem Cytochem 58:413–420, 2010)

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