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Articles by Y Oyama
Total Records ( 2 ) for Y Oyama
  Y Oyama , J. J Kazama , M Fukagawa , Y Arakawa and I. Ezuka

We report the case of a 69-year-old woman with secondary hyperparathyroidism who underwent maintenance haemodialysis therapy for 17 years and who presented with severe dural calcification and right subdural haematoma. Her dura mater displayed a rock barnacle-like appearance, and cerebral superficial arteries adhered to the sclerotic lesions. On the microscopic observation, calcified tissue with a clear lamellar structure and osteopontin immunoreactivity was observed. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase immunoreactive polynucleated giant cells infiltrated around the tissue. Such morphological properties are specific to the calcified tissue formed through a bone formation-like mechanism that is often observed in arterial media in patients with chronic kidney disease.

  T Sawada , P. B Francisco , S Aihara , Y Utsumi , M Yoshida , Y Oyama , M Tsuzuki , H Satoh and Y. Nakamura

In monocots, starch branching enzyme II (BEII) was functionally differentiated into BEIIa and BEIIb after separation from the dicots, and in cereals BEIIb plays a distinct role in amylopectin biosynthesis in the endosperm. The present study was conducted to examine to what extent a green algal BEII has an overlapping function with BEIIb in starch biosynthesis by introducing the Chlorella BEII gene into an amylose-extender (ae) mutant of rice. Chlorella BEII was found to complement the contribution of the rice endosperm BEIIb to the structures of amylopectin and starch granules because these mutated phenotypes were recovered almost completely to those of the wild type by the expression of Chlorella BEII. When the recombinant BE enzymes were incubated with the rice ae amylopectin, the branching pattern of Chlorella BEII was much more similar to that of rice BEIIb rather than rice BEIIa. Detailed analyses of BE reaction products suggests that BEIIb and Chlorella BEII only transfer chains with a degree of polymerization (DP) of 6 and 7, whereas BEIIa preferably transfers short chains with a DP of about 6–11. These results show that the Chlorella BEII is functionally similar to rice BEIIb rather than BEIIa.

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