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Articles by W. Kolanus
Total Records ( 1 ) for W. Kolanus
  T Quast , B Tappertzhofen , C Schild , J Grell , N Czeloth , R Forster , R Alon , L Fraemohs , K Dreck , C Weber , T Lammermann , M Sixt and W. Kolanus

Adhesion and motility of mammalian leukocytes are essential requirements for innate and adaptive immune defense mechanisms. We show here that the guanine nucleotide exchange factor cytohesin-1, which had previously been demonstrated to be an important component of beta-2 integrin activation in lymphocytes, regulates the activation of the small GTPase RhoA in primary dendritic cells (DCs). Cytohesin-1 and RhoA are both required for the induction of chemokine-dependent conformational changes of the integrin beta-2 subunit of DCs during adhesion under physiological flow conditions. Furthermore, use of RNAi in murine bone marrow DCs (BM-DCs) revealed that interference with cytohesin-1 signaling impairs migration of wild-type dendritic cells in complex 3D environments and in vivo. This phenotype was not observed in the complete absence of integrins. We thus demonstrate an essential role of cytohesin-1/RhoA during ameboid migration in the presence of integrins and further suggest that DCs without integrins switch to a different migration mode.

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