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Articles by U.B. Abubakar
Total Records ( 7 ) for U.B. Abubakar
  W.I. Musa , L. Sa`idu , B.Y. Kaltungo , U.B. Abubakar and A.M. Wakawa
  The introduction of commercial poultry in Nigeria has rapidly revolutionarised the poultry industry over the years. This has increasingly raised concern in poultry waste disposal. About 932.5 metric tonnes of commercial poultry manure are annually produced in Nigeria. Ammonia gas is majorly a product of poultry manure and to some extent green house gases. Pathogenic microorganisms can thrive in poultry wastes. These constitute environmental and health hazards to livestock and the teeming population. The concern on how to manage poultry wastes under intensive production systems led to the discovery of suitable poultry droppings and moist absorbents referred to as litter materials. Caging birds may soon become unethical, wood shavings and saw dust are most popular but are increasingly used to manufacture other wood products, alternative litter materials are seasonally available, poultry litter is effectively utilized as nitrogen based fertilizer and livestock feed supplement, therefore, the demand and price for litter materials is magnified. Thus, farmers cannot secure enough good quality litter material for their birds. Economic losses due to poor litter are significantly high. In view of these therefore, careful selection, adequate management and proper storage and utilization of poultry litter are of paramount importance to reduce environmental pollution, disease spread and economic losses associated with poultry litter.
  U.B. Abubakar , F.U. Mohammed , S.A. Shehu and R.A. Mustapha
  The records of slaughtered camels at the Maiduguri abattoir was evaluated over a 10 year period between 2000 and 2009 with the aim of determining foetal wastage due to the slaughter of pregnant camels. Out of the 124,898 camels slaughtered during the study period, 69,603 (55.7%) were females. A total of 2,382 foetuses were recovered which represented a foetal recovery rate of 3.42%. The foetal wastage in deferent seasons of the year, shows that 947 (39.8%) were recovered during rainy season and 1,435 (60.2%) during dry season. Estimated economic loss due to the slaughter of pregnant camels in Maiduguri abattoir stands at N25, 725,600.00 during the period of 10 years. It was concluded that legislative lows against the slaughter of pregnant animals should be enforced. Adequate veterinary ante-mortem inspection, literacy campaign amongst camel’s rearers and butchers should be intensified as an effort to improve camel population in Nigeria.
  G.E. Ochube , B.Y. Kaltungo and U.B. Abubakar
  Congenital anomaly by autosomal recessive genes has been implicated as the main etiology of contracted flexor tendons in musculoskeletal deformities of new borne calves. Surgical intervention of this case revealed that ankylosis was caused by wrong origination and insertion of malformed ulnaris lateralis muscle. A stay in the form of splints was placed throughout the limb. Plasters of Paris were then applied to the whole length of the limb to enhance stability. The surgical site was fenestrated to allow aeration and dressing, the overall result of the procedure was encouraging. After 7 weeks, a second surgery was performed to correct the bilateral contracted flexor tendon of the carpal joint. This was achieved by deep digital flexor tendon tenotomy of the carpal joint and placing a fiber glass cast on both joints.
  U.B. Abubakar , Musa I. Waziri , L. Sa`idu , S.N.A. Sa`idu and A.M. Wakawa
  The rapid development of the poultry industry in Nigeria has resulted in an increase in the demand for poultry litter materials. Wood shaving is the most common and effective litter material used by the poultry industry in Nigeria though sawdust is also used to some extent by small poultry producers. The management of the deep litter in a poultry house is of the greatest importance and seems to be one of the most neglected aspects of poultry husbandry in Nigeria. It is frightening to see broilers, layers and breeders maintained throughout the winter months on accumulation of their own droppings. Parasitic and bacterial infection are highly likely and the most serious consequences of all are in breeder houses where wet litter can have a calamitous effect on the feet of the cocks causing accumulations of infected litter on the feet and subsequently leading to a fall in the level of fertility. Farmers here in Nigeria tend to pay little attention to litter management and concentrate on nutrition and disease control. The adoption of an appropriate strategy for litter management aiming at optimizing both bird performance and cost of production largely depends on the availability and good quality bedding material at affordable cost. The economic significance of good litter management practices are hereby highlighted in this study.
  U.B. Abubakar , S.A. Shehu and F.U. Mohammed
  Result of a study describing the magnitude and distribution of gross lesions compatible with bovine tuberculosis at Maiduguri abattoir encountered during routine meat inspection between 2000 and 2009 was determined. A total of 403,317 cattle were slaughtered during a 10 year period. Among those examined, 11,006 had gross lesions compatible with bovine tuberculosis. The distribution of suspected gross bovine TB lesions in different organs shows (67.8%) in the lungs, (13.9%) in the lymph nodes, (8.6%) in the liver, (3.8%) in the intestines, (4.0%) in the kidneys and (1.9%) accounted for generalised TB. There was no significant difference between two different season of the year and sex of cattle (p>0.05). This study highlights the importance of meat inspection. Measures for control are also been suggested.
  U.B. Abubakar , J.I. Ameh , I.A. Abdulkadir , I. Salisu , S.O. Okaiyeto and A.C. Kudi
  Nigeria is one of the African countries where bovine tuberculosis is wide spread in both cattle and humans. Although, the current status on the actual prevalence rate of bovine tuberculosis at a national level is unknown but from the limited survey research which have been reported over the last 30 years in the country, the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis due to M. bovis ranges from 2.5% in 1976 to 14% in 2007 which shows that the prevalence of the disease has been on the increase. The isolation and identification of Mycobacterium bovis in fresh and sour milk as sold in local market, sputum and tissue samples from humans especially among Fulani herdsmen, abattoir and slaughter houses has been reported what has therefore been established is that bovine tuberculosis occurs in cattle and humans in Nigeria.
  G.E. Ochube , B.Y. Kaltungo and U.B. Abubakar
  The correction of enterolithiaisis in this case report was carried out by manual traction as the“stone” was lodged proximal to the ileo-cecal junction. This is a rare “fit” as the condition is mostly managed only surgically. Under mild sedation and with proper restraint using a crutch in a standing position, rectal enema alongside massive lubrication using a rectal lubricant was employed to manipulate the stone until it was successfully removed. The stone weighed 0.75 kg and its measurement length and breadth were 7.5 and 4.5 inches, respectively. Mild bleeding that resulted was managed by applying digital pressure on the affected part of the rectum and intravenous administration of vitamin K injection at 5 mg kg–1 was given. Animal was placed on maize bran and other less fiber diet for 5 days to allow proper healing of the rectal area to take place. The animal recovered fully 14 days after correction.
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