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Articles by T.O. Abegunde
Total Records ( 2 ) for T.O. Abegunde
  T.O. Abegunde and T.F. Akinropo
  Ruminant animal production in the dry season is usually problematic as weight losses are experienced arising from scarcity of forages. Conservation of Water Hyacinth (WH) (Eicchornia crassipes) ensiled with Breadfruit (BF) can help to bridge this gap. This study investigated the feeding value of WH ensiled with different levels of BF (at 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40% of the total silage diet mixture) as feed for West African Dwarf (WAD) goats. Chopped WH (2-3 cm) and BF were mixed together while sawdust was included at a constant level of 10% in all treatments and designated as diets 1-5, respectively. The mixture was ensiled for 28 days. A total of 25 growing WAD goats of both sexes (5-7 months old) weighing between 4.25-5.50 kg were randomly allotted 5 experimental diets. Data on proximate composition, growth, nutrient utilization and haematology were collected and subjected to a one way analysis of variance using the General Linear Model (GLM) procedures of SAS while differences between means were separated using the Duncan’s multiple range test of the same package. The proximate composition showed significant (p<0.05) improvement in all parameters as Breadfruit increased in silage diets except for crude protein and ash. Increasing levels of BF in silage diets had a significant (p<0.05) effect on intake. Average daily gain (g/day) for goats were similar in diets 3 (36.36), 4 (39.24) and 5 (37.93) and higher (p<0.05) than those for animals on diet 1 (29.48). The feed conversion ratio for goats on diets 1 and 2 (9.65 and 9.53, respectively) were poorer than those (7.86, 7.55 and 7.81) obtained for goats fed diets 3-5, respectively. Nitrogen intake, faecal nitrogen and nitrogen loss (g/day) were higher (p<0.05) in goats fed diet 1 than in other diets. Haematological parameters improved as BF increased in silage diets. Glucose values (54.76-86.31 mg/dL) increased (p<0.05) across diets while total protein, albumin, urea and creatinine were unaffected by silage diets. Results demonstrated that water hyacinth diets ensiled with Breadfruit have potentials as feed for ruminants with optimum results in silage diets with Breadfruit inclusion levels of 30%.
  T.O. Abegunde , O.J. Babayemi and A.O. Akinsoyinu
  In vitro fermentation technique was used to evaluate the replacement effects of Panicum maximum (PM) with Ficus polita (FP) and Cassava Peels (CPL) at four levels {Treatments 1 (T1), 2 (T2), 3 (T3) and 4 (T4)} in dry and wet seasons. (T1) 0% FP+ 90% PM + 10% CPL; (T2) 30% FP+60% PM + 10% CPL; (T3) 60% FP+30% PM + 10% CPL and (T4) 90% FP+0% PM + 10% CPL. Chemical composition and qualitative analysis of saponin and tannins were determined. In vitro Gas Production (IVGP) of diets were carried out over 24 h. Metabolizable Energy (ME), Organic Matter Digestibility (OMD) and Short Chain Fatty Acids (SCFA) were predicted. Methane (CH4) production was also measured. Results indicated that FP contained high levels of protein in the dry (15.7 g/100 g DM) and wet (19.9 g/100 g DM) seasons. Crude Fibre (CF), Ether Extract (EE), ash and Neutral Detergent Fibre (NDF) values in the dry and wet seasons were 22.0 and 19.0 g/100 g DM, 20.5 and 17.8 g/100 g DM, 7.8 and 10.0 g/100 g DM, 67.0 and 88.0 g/100 g DM, respectively. Qualitative analysis of secondary metabolites in FP indicated the presence of saponin in the dry season while tannin was absent in both seasons. IVGP, ME, OMD, SCFA and methanogenesis were not significantly (p<0.05) affected by levels of inclusion of FP. Results revealed that based on the availability of FP, it can be fed to goats at any level of inclusion up to 60% with PM without any detrimental effects.
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