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Articles by T. Incharoen
Total Records ( 2 ) for T. Incharoen
  T. Incharoen , O. Khambualai and K. Yamauchi
  To investigate the effects of dietary combinations of zeolite, plant extract and vermiculite (ZEM®) on growth performance and histological intestinal changes, male Sanuki Cochin chickens were allotted to 3 groups of 12 birds each. They were fed ad libitum on a basal commercial mash diet with 0 (control), 1 and 2 g kg-1 dietary ZEM®. A starter diet (CP, 21%; ME, 3,000 kcal kg-1) was fed to chickens until 28 day of age, at which point a grower diet (CP, 18%; ME, 2,850 kcal kg-1) was fed until 70 day of age. Feed intake and body weight gain tended to increase with increasing levels of dietary ZEM® and feed efficiency tended to be highest in the 1 g kg-1 ZEM® group. Most intestinal villus height, villus area, cell area and cell mitosis numbers were better than those of the control group and the duodenal cell areas and cell mitosis numbers of all intestinal parts were greater (p<0.05) in the ZEM® groups than in the control group. Protuberated cells were observed on the villus tip of the ZEM® groups. These histological changes indicate that the intestinal villi and epithelial cells were hypertrophied by ZEM®. The present results suggest that chicken growth performance would be improved due to hypertrophied intestinal villi and epithelial cells after feeding ZEM® and that ZEM® is effective alimentation for chicken diets.
  T. Incharoen and K. Yamauchi
  To evaluate the effect of dietary Dried Fermented Ginger (DFG) on production performance, egg quality and intestinal histology, 27 White Leghorn laying hens (24 weeks of age) were assigned into three groups of 9 birds each as follows: the control group was fed a basal diet (CP, 17%; ME, 2,850 kcal/kg) and the other groups were fed the basal diet supplemented with 1% or 5% DFG. Compared with the control, feed consumption tended to increase in DFG groups and increased significantly in the 1% DFG group (p<0.05). Hen-day egg production and egg mass are better in both DFG groups. Feed efficiency tended to be a little higher value in the DFG diets. There were no significant (p>0.05) differences in shell-breaking strength, shell thickness, shell ratio, albumen ratio, yolk ratio, yolk color and Haugh unit among the dietary treatments. Villus height, villus area, cell area and cell mitosis in all intestinal segments tended to be higher in DFG groups than in the control group and jejunal cell area of the 1% DFG group as well as jejunal cell mitosis of the both DFG groups showed significant increases. Moreover, the cells on the villus tip surface were protuberated in all DFG groups, resulting in a rough surface. In addition, segmented filamentous bacteria were observed in the ileum of the 5% DFG group. These results suggest that dietary DFG increase the production performance of layer chickens due to hypertrophy of intestinal villi and epithelial cells at 1% DFG.
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