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Articles by Swati Sharma
Total Records ( 2 ) for Swati Sharma
  B.R. Sharma , Neha Gupta , A. K. Sharma and Swati Sharma
  This retrospective study sought to collect a representative sample of motorized two-wheeler crashes having fatal outcome with reference to their age, sex, riding position, type of vehicle, nature of accident, pattern of injuries etc. among the helmeted and non-helmeted riders. We examined the pattern of fatal injuries between the helmeted and non-helmeted motorized two-wheeler crash victims in 134 cases subjected to autopsy during five years from 2000 to 2004. Young adults of the age-group 21-25 years constituted the majority of the victims, 48 (36%) and the 16-30 year age group accounted for 98 (73%) motorized two wheeler deaths. The overall male: female ratio was 1.6:1. Motorcyclists were exclusively male. The male: female ratio of scooterists was 1.7:1, however, among the moped crash victims, this ratio was 1:2.2. Scooterists accounted for the majority of crash victims, 70 (52%) and drivers in all the three categories, 88 (66%), outnumbered the pillion riders, 46 (34%). Sixty-two (46%) victims were helmeted, of which males, 49 (79%), were the majority. Of all the three categories of motorized two wheeler users, non-helmeted victims were far more than the helmeted ones in the moped users, the ratio of helmeted: non-helmeted users being 1:2.4; again in this category, the male: female ratio was 1:4.7. Motorized heavy vehicles were responsible for majority of deaths, 53(40%) while slips on roads etc. accounted for 15 (11%) deaths. All the non-helmeted victims sustained scalp injuries, with 70 (97%) of them suffering fractures to the skull, as compared to 18 (29%) of the helmeted ones. However, as regards the injuries to the thorax and abdomen, the helmeted: non-helmeted victim ratio was 4.3:1. Of the victims who died within one hour of the accidents, 36 (75%) were non-helmeted. Helmets prevent and/or reduce the deaths due to head injury, however in majority of cases, there being multiple injuries, other road safety and injury prevention measures need to be devised and implemented. However the implications for safety measures also deserve consideration.
  B.R. Sharma , A.K. Sharma , Swati Sharma and Harshabad Singh
  Road-traffic injuries are recognized as a major public health problem all over the world accounting for maximum morbidity and mortality following trauma. The objective of this study was to analyze the trends of fatal road traffic crashes and to find measures for the prevention of their causative factors. We examined the pattern of fatal injuries among road traffic crash victims in 1109 cases subjected to medicolegal autopsy during 1996 to 2005 at the department of forensic medicine, in Government Medical College and Hospital Chandigarh. Young adults of the age-group 16 to 30 years constituted the majority of the victims, 608 (55%), while the number decreased with the advancing age. The overall male: female ratio was 5:1. Pedestrians 429 (39%) and motorized two wheeler users 378 (34%) constituted the majority. Motorized heavy vehicles were responsible for 386 (35%) deaths. Head injury in 676 (61%), followed by hemorrhagic shock in 266 (24%) were the main causes of death. 729 (66%) victims died within 24 hours while 307 (28%) had a survival of 2 to 7 days.
 
 
 
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