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Articles by S. Solanki
Total Records ( 2 ) for S. Solanki
  P.K. Pilania , S. Solanki , N. Mohammed , S. Asopa , R. Maan , A. Joshi , L.N. Sankhala , M. Mathur , M.K. Thori , J.S. Gaur , A. Meena and N. Kataria
  An investigation was carried out to assess oxidative stress in goats of Marwari breed affected from gastrointestinal parasitism and pneumonia belonging to farmers’ stock of arid tract of Rajasthan State, India. The animals were grouped into healthy and affected. All the blood samples were collected in sterile tubes with anticoagulants for erythrocyte separation and determination of erythrocytic Catalase (CAT) and Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) as biomarkers of oxidative stress. Activities of both the enzymes were significantly (p≤0.05) higher in affected animals in comparison to healthy lot. Erythrocytic catalase activity was 2.37 times higher in goats having gastrointestinal parasitism and 3.06 times higher in goats affected with pneumonia. Erythrocytic superoxide dismutase activity was 4.77 times higher in goats having gastrointestinal parasitism and 6.40 times higher in goats affected with pneumonia. It was observed that goats affected with pneumonia showed higher magnitude of enzyme activities in comparison to those having gastrointestinal parasites. Magnitude of change was greater in SOD activities than CAT activities. It can be concluded that gastrointestinal parasites and pneumonia served to produce oxidative stress in the goat. Catalase and superoxide dismutase are considered as potent biomarkers of oxidative stress. They are also named as antioxidant enzymes. Increased activities of both these enzymes signified the presence of oxidative stress in order to combat excessive production of free radicals. Antioxidant supplementation is recommended in cases affected with conditions like parasites and pneumonia to protect the animals from oxidative stress and ensuing damage to cellular machinery.
  N. Mohammed , S. Solanki , T. Bhati , P. Nathawat , S.K. Sharma , S. Kumar , A. Joshi , P.K. Pilania , L.N. Sankhala , M. Mathur , A. Ahuja , N. Kataria and A.K. Kataria
  The present study was carried out on 17 positive cases (horses) of colic. Two cases died during the treatment. Ten apparently healthy equines (horses) were also included in the study which constituted control group. Clinico-physiological observations included clinical signs, temperature, pulse, respiratory rate per min and colour of mucosa and were noted daily before start of treatment. Laboratory diagnosis of equine colic was done by determining haematological parameters. Blood samples from control group as well as equines suffering from colic were subjected to haematological examinations comprising of haemoglobin, packed cell volume, total erythrocyte count, total leucocyte count, differential leucocyte count and platelet count. There was great variation in duration and severity of clinical manifestations. In all the cases abdominal pain, loss of appetite, depression and change in colour of mucous membrane from light pink to dark pink was present. Pulse rate, respiration rate and capillary refill time were increased highly significantly (p<0.01) than the mean values from control group but temperature was within normal range and non-significantly (p>0.05) changed. In present study haemoglobin, PCV and TEC counts was increased significantly (p<0.05) on 1st day (before treatment) in comparison to healthy control group and after-treatment group. There was non significant (p>0.05) difference in their values between control group and after treatment group. Pattern of variation observed in the present study regarding haematological parameters of colicky cases can contribute in generating data for future studies and in laboratory diagnosis.
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