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Articles by S Fukuda
Total Records ( 4 ) for S Fukuda
  H Koyama , S Fukuda , T Shoji , M Inaba , Y Tsujimoto , T Tabata , S Okuno , T Yamakawa , S Okada , M Okamura , H Kuratsune , H Fujii , Y Hirayama , Y Watanabe and Y. Nishizawa

Background and objectives: Despite potential significance of fatigue and its underlying components in the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, epidemiologic data showing the link are virtually limited. This study was designed to examine whether fatigue symptoms or fatigue's underlying components are a predictor for cardiovascular diseases in high-risk subjects with ESRD.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: 788 volunteer patients under hemodialysis therapy (506 male, 282 female) completed the survey between October and November 2005, with the follow-up period up to 26 months to monitor occurrence of fatal or nonfatal cardiovascular events. The questionnaire consisted of 64 questions, and promax rotation analysis of the principal component method conceptualized eight fatigue-related factors: fatigue itself, anxiety and depression, loss of attention and memory, pain, overwork, autonomic imbalance, sleep problems, and infection.

Results: 14.7% of the patients showed fatigue scores higher than twice the SD of the mean for healthy volunteers. These highly fatigued patients exhibited a significantly higher risk for cardiovascular events (hazard ratio: 2.17; P < 0.01), with the relationship independent of the well-known risk factors, including age, diabetes, cardiovascular disease history, and inflammation and malnutrition markers. Moreover, comparisons of the risk in key subgroups showed that the risk of high fatigue score for cardiovascular events was more prominent in well-nourished patients, including lower age, absence of past cardiovascular diseases, higher serum albumin, and high non-HDL cholesterol.

Conclusions: Fatigue can be an important predictor for cardiovascular events in patients with ESRD, with the relationship independent of the nutritional or inflammatory status.

  H Shima , H Takatsu , S Fukuda , M Ohmae , K Hase , H Kubagawa , J. Y Wang and H. Ohno

Fc receptors specifically bind to the Fc region of Igs to mediate the unique functions to each class of Igs. To identify a novel Fc receptor for IgM, we searched expressed sequence tag database for molecules containing Ig domains with homology to those of known Fc receptors for IgM, Fc/µR and polymeric Ig receptor. As a result, we identified TOSO/Fas apoptotic inhibitory molecule 3 (FAIM3) as a possible Fc receptor for IgM. HeLa cells transfected with a TOSO/FAIM3-expression vector bound to IgM but not IgG and were able to internalize IgM-conjugated beads but not IgG-conjugated beads, suggesting that TOSO/FAIM3 is indeed a receptor for IgM (FcµR). FcµR protein was expressed predominantly on B-lineage cells; expression of the Fcmr transcripts was observed from the pre-B-cell stage and maintained thereafter during B-cell development. These results identify TOSO/FAIM3 as a receptor for IgM and suggest that FcµR may serve as an uptake receptor for IgM-opsonized antigens by B cells.

  A Fukumura , H Tsujii , T Kamada , M Baba , H Tsuji , H Kato , S Kato , S Yamada , S Yasuda , T Yanagi , R Hara , N Yamamoto , J Mizoe , K Akahane , S Fukuda , Y Furusawa , Y Iwata , T Kanai , N Kanematsu , A Kitagawa , N Matsufuji , S Minohara , N Miyahara , H Mizuno , T Murakami , K Nishizawa , K Noda , E Takada and S. Yonai

The features of relativistic carbon-ion beams are attractive from the viewpoint of radiotherapy. They exhibit not only a superior physical dose distribution but also an increase in biological efficiency with depth, because energy loss of the beams increases as they penetrate the body. This paper reviews clinical aspects of carbon-beam radiotherapy using the experience at the National Institute of Radiological Sciences. The paper also outlines the dosimetry related to carbon-beam radiotherapy, including absolute dosimetry of the carbon beam, neutron measurements and radiation protection measurements.

  C Shimono , R. i Manabe , T Yamada , S Fukuda , J Kawai , Y Furutani , K Tsutsui , K Ikenaka , Y Hayashizaki and K. Sekiguchi

The C1q family is characterized by the C-terminally conserved globular C1q (gC1q) domain. Although more than 30 C1q family proteins have been identified in mammals, many of them remain ill-defined with respect to their molecular and biological properties. Here, we report on a novel C1q family protein specifically expressed in the central nervous system (CNS), which we designated neural C1q-like protein (nCLP) 2. nCLP2 was secreted as disulphide-bonded multimers comprising trimeric units. The multimers were stabilized by interchain disulphide bonds involving the cysteine residues in the N-terminal variable region and the C-terminal gC1q domain. The expression of nCLP2 was restricted to several brain regions and retina, including regions associated with memory formation (i.e. hippocampus, entorhinal cortex, anterodorsal thalamic nucleus). Immunoelectron microscopy revealed that nCLP2 was localized in the mossy fibre axons of hippocampal granule cells and their synaptic boutons and clefts, implying that nCLP2 was anterogradely transported in mossy fibres and secreted from the presynaptic termini. These results suggest that nCLP2 plays roles in synaptic function and maintenance in the CNS.

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