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Articles by Q. Wang
Total Records ( 2 ) for Q. Wang
  X. Liang , Q. Wang , X. Yang , J. Cao , J. Chen , X. Mo , J. Huang , L. Wang and D. Gu
  Aims  To assess the effect of mobile phone intervention on glycaemic control in diabetes self-management. Methods We searched three electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library) using the following terms: diabetes or diabetes mellitus and mobile phone or cellular phone, or text message. We also manually searched reference lists of relevant papers to identify additional studies. Clinical studies that used mobile phone intervention and reported changes in glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) values in patients with diabetes were reviewed. The study design, intervention methods, sample size and clinical outcomes were extracted from each trial. The results of the HbA1c change in the trials were pooled using meta-analysis methods.

Results  A total of 22 trials were selected for the review. Meta-analysis among 1657 participants showed that mobile phone interventions for diabetes self-management reduced HbA1c values by a mean of 0.5% [6 mmol/mol; 95% confidence interval, 0.3-0.7% (4-8 mmol/mol)] over a median of 6 months follow-up duration. In subgroup analysis, 11 studies among Type 2 diabetes patients reported significantly greater reduction in HbA1c than studies among Type 1 diabetes patients [0.8 (9 mmol/mol) vs. 0.3% (3 mmol/mol); P = 0.02]. The effect of mobile phone intervention did not significantly differ by other participant characteristics or intervention strategies.

Conclusions  Results pooled from the included trials provided strong evidence that mobile phone intervention led to statistically significant improvement in glycaemic control and self-management in diabetes care, especially for Type 2 diabetes patients.

  Q. Wang , H.F. Li , Y.L. Dai , K.W. Chen , B.L. Li , Z.Y. Wang and J. Zhang
  The study was undertaken to assess dietary CP and ME concentrations for optimum growth performance and carcass characteristics of Gaoyou ducklings. In a 3x3 factorial arrangement, three hundred and sixty zero-day-old Gaoyou ducklings were randomly assigned to experimental diets with 11.70, 11.90 and 12.12 MJ of ME kg-1 of diet; each contained 18.0, 19.0 and 20.0% CP, respectively, from 0-28 days of age. Each dietary treatment had 4 replicates. Body weight and feed consumptions were measured at every weekend, from 0-28 days of age and carcass characteristics were evaluated at 28 days of age. The result showed that ducklings on a diet with 11.70 and 11.90 MJ of ME kg-1 at 0-28 days of age exhibited greater BW gain than this diet with 12.12 MJ of ME kg-1 (p<0.01), though BW gain was not different among 11.70 and 11.90 MJ of ME kg-1 of diet. Mean BW gain of birds fed 18.0, 19.0 and 20.0% CP diets was significantly different (p<0.001). Feed intake was influenced by dietary ME levels (p<0.000) also. Feed intake of birds fed 18.0% CP diets was higher than those of birds on 19.0 and 20.0% CP diets (p<0.01). Feed conversion ratios of birds fed on 11.70 and 11.90 MJ of ME kg-1 of diet were better than those fed on 12.12 MJ of ME kg-1 (p<0.001). Feed conversion ratios of birds fed on 18.0% CP diets were better than those fed on 19.0 and 20.0% CP diets. In the study, there were significant interactions between dietary CP and ME on growth performance. There was a direct relationship between dietary ME levels and eviscerated carcass percentage (p<0.014), abdominal fat percentage (p<0.000) and breast weight (p<0.037). But the half-eviscerated carcass percentage, eviscerated carcass percentage, breast and leg meat percentage were not influenced by dietary CP concentration. Thus, diets with 11.70 MJ of ME kg-1 and 18.0% CP were used more efficiently from 0-28 days of age by Gaoyou ducklings.
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