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Articles by P.P. Barje
Total Records ( 4 ) for P.P. Barje
  O.S. Lamidi , O.O. Olabode , C.B.I. Alawa , P.P. Barje and M.K. Ajala
  Study to determine the quantity and quality of over night faeces produced by Bunaji cattle was carried out in the Northern Guinea Savanna zone of Nigeria. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) in faecal output between the bulls and the cow. Non-supplement cow produced 1.62 and 1.60 kg dry faeces day-1 during the wet and dry season respectively. The corresponding values for the bulls are 1.68 and 1.66 kg dry faeces day-1. Supplemented cow voided about 2.08 and 1.98 kg dry faeces during the wet and dry season while the bulls produced 2.13 and 2.05 kg dry faeces head-1 day-1. Supplementation of the cattle significantly increased the quantity of faeces produced by 21.68 and 19.35% during the wet and dry respectively. Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium content of the faeces from non supplemented cattle are 1.79, 0.46 and 0.65%, the corresponding value for the supplemented cattle are 2.27, 0.52 and 0.74%. Adult Bunaji cattle grazing the native range or crop residue without any form of supplementation produced 598.26 kg dry faeces year-1. This contained 13.56 kg N, 4.10 kg P and 3.86 kg K. With supplementation, the yearly faecal output increased to 751.9 kg and the corresponding N, P and K value were 17.56, 5.53 and 3.87 kg. Fertilizer cost for crop production can be significantly reduced if cow faeces are properly harnessed into the cropping system.
  P.P. Barje , O.W. Ehoche , L.O. Eduvie , A.A. Voh Jr , G.N. Akpa and O.S. Lamidi
  A study was carried out to determine the effects of varying levels of whole cottonseed on feed intake, weight gain and blood parameters in FriesianxBunaji and Bunaji heifers. Twenty FriesianxBunaji and 24 Bunaji pre-pubertal heifers were divided to 4 groups of 5 and 6 animals/group. Animals in each group were fed 1 of 4 experimental concentrate diets containing 0, 25, 50 and 75% whole cottonseed for 140 days. The result of the study showed that concentrate intake declined with increase in the level of whole cottonseed in dieting averaging 4.2, 3.3, 3.1 and 2.9 kg head -1day -1 in FriesianxBunaji fed 0, 25, 50 and 75% whole cottonseed diets, respectively. The corresponding intake figures for the Bunaji heifers were 3.1, 2.9, 2.5 and 2.2 kg head -1 day -1. Mean daily weight gain were 0.59, 0.59, 0.48 and 0.64 kg in FriesianxBunaji and 0.48, 0.41 and 0.50 C kg in Bunaji heifers fed 0, 25, 50 and 75% whole cottonseed levels, respectively. Changes in blood parameters were not significant in both FriesianxBunaji and Bunaji heifers across treatments. The study showed that heifers could be fed diets containing up to 75% whole cottonseed, respectively without adverse effects.
  O.S. Lamidi , I.A. Adeyinka , C.B.I. Alawa , P.P. Barje and R. Ali-Balogun
  A survey study was conducted to monitor the available dry season feed resource options for small holder fatteners in Katsina, Kano and Kaduna states of Nigeria, area partly covering the ecological zones of the Semi-arid, Sudan and Northern Guinea Savannas. The study covered 80 small scale farmers. Structured questionnaire were used to collect information and feed were sampled for laboratory analysis. Cereal crop residue such as maize, sorghum and millet stover and unimproved grass hay were the major basal feedstuffs offered for fattening while sugar cane leaves and tops were predominantly used in the flood plain (fadama) areas. Maize offal and threshed sorghum panicle constitute the main high energy sources used in the dry season fattening schemes. Groundnut, cowpea, soybean haulms and whole cotton seed and to a little extend cotton seed cake were the protein supplements of choice. Combinations of the available crop residue of low nutritive value with the protein and energy supplements ensured moderate levels of weight gain (338.75-360.21 g day-1) and body condition score (4-5) of fattened bulls within two and half months. The result shows that conventional feedstuffs such as cotton seed cake, other oil seed cake and whole Maize are of limited relevance under smallholder fattener conditions. The study underscores the need to develop appropriate supplementation package relevant to each ecological zone. This should emphasize the optimal use of the available non-conventional feed resources at the farmers level in order to guarantee greater productivity and sustainability of the small holder fattening scheme in the increasingly resource limited environment of Northern Nigeria.
  P.P. Barje , O.W. Ehoche , L.O. Eduvie , A.A. Voh Jr. and G.N. Akpa
  Twenty Friesian x Bunaji crossbred and twenty-four Bunaji prepubertal heifers were fed 4 diets containing 0, 25, 50 and 75% whole cottonseed to determine effect of varying the level whole cottonseed on onset of puberty, response to oestrus synchronization with PGF and artificial insemination. The animals were fed the diets for 140 days. At the end of the feeding trials, oestrus synchronization was carried out on all the animals using PGF, injected intramuscularly in 2 doses of 2 mL each given 13 days apart. Compared to animals on the control diet (0% whole cottonseed diet), there was a slight delay in onset of puberty (age at first detection of palpable ovarian structures and first oestrus) with inclusion of whole cottonseed in the diet. Following oestrus synchronization with PGF, interval from treatment to onset of oestrus increased. Compared to the animals on the control diet, oestrus response rates, oestrus activities (vis-à-vis number of mounts) and heat duration declined significantly (p<0.05) in both Friesian x Bunaji and Bunaji heifers with increasing level of whole cottonseed in the diet. Level of whole cottonseed had no effect on conception rates of Friesian x Bunaji heifers. However, there was significant decline in pregnancy rates of animals fed 25, 50 and 75% whole cottonseed diet compared to the control (averaged pregnancy rates = 100, 80.3, 40.2 and 80.3% for the Friesian x Bunaji and 66.7, 50.0, 50.0 and 50% for the Bunaji on 0, 25, 50 and 75% levels of whole cottonseed, respectively).
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