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Articles by P. D Frederick
Total Records ( 2 ) for P. D Frederick
  R Fazel , H. M Krumholz , E. R Bates , W. J French , P. D Frederick , B. K Nallamothu and for the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction (NRMI) Investigators

Background— Many hospitals with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) capability also use fibrinolytic therapy in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, but factors influencing the choice of reperfusion strategy at these hospitals are poorly understood. We examined clinical and system-related factors associated with choice of reperfusion strategy in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction at PCI-capable hospitals.

Methods and Results— We analyzed patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who presented to PCI-capable hospitals between July 1, 2000, and December 31, 2006, in the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction. Hierarchical multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the association between choice of reperfusion strategy and patient-, hospital-, and system-related factors. We identified 25 579 patients who received primary PCI and 14 332 patients who received fibrinolytic therapy at 444 PCI-capable hospitals. Use of reperfusion strategies varied widely across hospitals, although primary PCI use increased over the study period. Among the key clinical factors that favored primary PCI, cardiogenic shock and delayed presentation were associated with greater use of primary PCI (adjusted odds ratios 2.14 [95% confidence interval 1.72 to 2.66] and 1.18 [95% confidence interval 1.09 to 1.27], respectively), whereas a Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction risk score ≥5 was not. In contrast, female gender, advanced age, and nonwhite race, all risk factors for intracranial hemorrhage after fibrinolytic therapy, were not associated with increased use of primary PCI. Off-hours presentation had the strongest association overall, with an 70% lower likelihood of patients undergoing primary PCI (adjusted odds ratio 0.27, 95% confidence interval 0.25 to 0.29).

Conclusions— Use of primary PCI, although increasing over recent years, is not universal at PCI-capable hospitals, and optimization of its use at such hospitals represents a potential opportunity to improve outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

  Y. B Pride , J. G Canto , P. D Frederick , C. M Gibson and for the NRMI Investigators

Background— Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) is the preferred reperfusion strategy for patients with ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The quality of care and safety and efficacy of pPCI at hospitals without on-site open heart surgery (No-OHS hospitals) remains an area of active investigation.

Methods and Results— The National Registry of Myocardial Infarction enrolled 58 821 STEMI patients from 214 OHS hospitals (n=54 076) and 52 No-OHS hospitals (n=4745) with PCI capabilities from 2004 to 2006. Patients presenting to OHS hospitals had substantially lower in-hospital mortality (7.0% versus 9.8%, P<0.001) and were more likely to receive any form of acute reperfusion therapy (80.8% versus 70.8%, P<0.001). Patients who presented to OHS hospitals were more likely to receive guideline recommended medications within 24 hours of arrival. In a propensity score model matching for patient characteristics and transfer status, in-hospital mortality remained significantly lower among patients presenting to OHS hospitals (7.2% versus 9.3%, P=0.025). When this model was further adjusted for differences in the use of acute reperfusion therapy, medications administered within 24 hours and hospital characteristics, the mortality difference was of borderline significance (hazard ratio, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.75 to 1.01; P=0.067). When the propensity score analysis was restricted to patients who underwent pPCI, there was no significant difference in mortality (3.8% versus 3.3%, P=0.44).

Conclusions— STEMI patients presenting to No-OHS hospitals have substantially higher mortality, are less likely to receive guideline recommended medications within 24 hours, and are less likely to undergo acute reperfusion therapy, although this difference was of borderline significance after adjusting for hospital and treatment variables. There was no difference in mortality among patients undergoing pPCI.

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