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Articles by O.O. Eniolorunda
Total Records ( 4 ) for O.O. Eniolorunda
  O.O. Eniolorunda , B.B.A. Taiwo , O.O. Oyewumi and O.A. Adeyemi
  An 8 week feeding trial was carried out to evaluate the use of Indomie® waste as a substitute for maize at levels of 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%. Seventy-five Nera black layers of commercial strain, aged 32 weeks were used for the experiment. Mean feed intake, mean body weight change, feed conversion ratio, percentage egg production, egg weight yolk colour shell thickness and the economy of production were investigated. Significant differences were observed in the mean daily feed intake (p<0.05). Mean daily feed intake was highest (125.06 g) for birds fed diet A, while the least value (115.11 g) was obtained from birds fed diets E. The mean body weight gain numerically improves as the percent Indomie® waste substitution increased from 0-100%. Birds fed diets E had the highest value (0.71 g), while birds fed diet A had the least value (0.21 g). The percentage egg production was highest (78.88%) for birds fed diet C, while birds fed diet E had the lowest value (71.13%). The mean egg weight was highest in birds fed diet A (64.25 g), while the least values (61.61 and 64.25 g) were obtained from birds fed diets D and E, respectively. There were significant differences (p<0.05) in eggshell thickness. Birds fed diet E had the highest value (0.3150 mm) while birds fed diet A had the least value (0.3350 mm). Birds fed diet E had the highest (6.0) egg yolk color score while birds fed diet A had the least value (4.0). With regards to feed conversion ratio, there were significant differences among the 5 treatments (p<0.05). Birds fed diets A and B had the highest value (1.95) and differed significantly from birds fed diets C, D and E with the least values of 1.90, 1.90 and 1.8. Optimum result could be obtained by replacing maize with 50% dietary maize with Indomie® waste in a layers diet and is therefore recommended.
  O.O. Eniolorunda , O.A. Jinadu , M.A. Ogungbesan and T.O. Bawala
  West African Dwarf (WAD) does were used to investigate the effect of combined levels of mixed forages on the utilization of cassava offal based diets. Thirty goats weighing between 5.82 and 5.92 kg and with ages from 4-7 months were assigned to 5 dietary treatments in a completely randomized design experiment with 6 animals per treatment. Animals were housed in individual pens and offered the experimental diet daily for 98 days. The 5 dietary treatments were: G 0: 100% Panicum maximum + concentrate; G 25: 75% P. maximum + 25% Gliricidia sepium + concentrate; G50: 50% P. maximum + 50% G. sepium + concentrate; G 75: 25% P. maximum + 75% G. sepium + concentrate and G 100: 100% G. sepium + concentrate. Feed intake, growth rate, digestibility and nitrogen balance were monitored. The highest daily total DMI (547.65 g DM day 1) was recorded in G0 and the values were significantly (p<0.05) different among treatment means. DM, CP NDF, ADF and ADL intake (g kg0.75day 1) were (p<0.05) significantly different among treatment means. Animals fed G 75 and G 100 had the highest weight gains. The apparent digestibilities of DM, CP, NDF and ADL were generally high in all treatment groups but were highest in G 100. Nitrogen balance was highest for G 100, but the percentage of N retained w as highest for G 50. Results indicated that feeding G. sepium together with P. maximum, supplemented with cassava offal based concentrate could lead to improved weight gain, feed efficiency, digestibility and nitrogen utilization in WAD goats.
  O.O. Eniolorunda and G.A. Rowaiye
  Sixteen growing Yankassa sheep weighing between 12.50 and 13.25 kg with age range of 8-10 months were used to evaluate the effect of solubilization on cornhusk supplemented with Cassava lead or Leucaena leaf based diets on feed intake and digestion. Some of the cornhusk were treated with Iye solution (pH 10.7) obtained from cocoa pod husk ash at 2 g ash/100 mL water kg 1 cornhusk. The other part of the cornhusk was treated with equivalent quantity of water as above. Both cornhusks were ensiled (biological treatment) for 28 days. For the cocoa pod husk ash treated cornhusk, CP, ND, ADF and ADL were solubilised, improvising and potential degradability and degradation rate of cornhusk. The treated cornhusks were supplemented with Cassava leave and Leucaena leave meal diets and fed to the growing sheep in the following dietary combination: cocoa pod husk ash treated Cornhusk + Cassava Leaf Meal based diet (CCLM), water treated Cornhusk + Cassava Leaf Meal based diet (CLLM) and water treated cornhusk + Leucaena leaf meal based diet (BLLM). The duration of the experiment was 63 days and parameters such as feed intake; weight gain, digestibility and nitrogen balance were measured. Total DMI (g/DM/day) was significant (p<0.05) among treatment means with the highest recorded in T3 (485.84). Nutrient intake (g kg0.75day) was significantly different among the treatments. Digestibility%, daily weight Gain (g) and feed efficiency were significantly (p<0.05) lower in animals on chemically untreated cornhusk, when compared to those on treated cornhusk. Values reported for N intake were not significantly different (p<0.05) between the groups of animals on the LLM diet (T3 and T4). It may be concluded that corn husk are potentially valuable feed resources for ruminants, but for efficient utilization it should be subjected to physic biological and chemical treatment.
  O.O. Eniolorunda , O.O. Aro and O.E. Fasina
  The effects of loadtime stress on changes in some biochemical and cellular composition of blood were evaluated in 24 matured bulls comprising 12 each of White Fulani and Sokoto Gudali breeds of cattle. The animals were stocked (3.09 m2 h 1), in a trailer pulled by Iveco Truck and transported for 42 h covering a distance of 1024 km. The animals were bled before (preload), immediately after loading (postload) and holdtime periods of 0, 6 and 12 h after transit to assess the cause effect on stress response in cattle. There was significant effect of loadtime (p<0.05) on all the variables measured in the present study. Plasma glucose concentration (7.92 mg dL 1) at 6 h holdtime period suggests that stress was more severe at this time period. The Neutrophil:Lymphosite (N:L) ratio was however higher (p<0.05) at all time periods of holding than at preload and postload time periods indicating a prolonged effect of stress on the animals immune system at holdtime periods. Interaction between loadtime and bread was significant (p<0.05) for all measurements except plasma protein and calcium concentration. Loadtime stress increased plasma glucose and Urea N concentrations in both breeds with the magnitude of the increase being higher (p<0.05) in White Fulani cattle. However, loadtime stress decreased plasma protein and calcium concentrations in both breeds with the magnitude of the decrease being lower (p<0.05) in Sokoto Gudali cattle. The result indicate that Sokoto Gudali was less stressed and more loadtime tolerant than White Fulani cattle. Also, the higher (p<0.05) magnitude of the increase in N: L ratio due to the interaction effect of stress was sustained more in White Fulani than Sokoto Gudali cattle. The above changes in all variables measured were evidence of internal catabolism in the animal body indicating tissue dehydration and weak host defensive mechanism. As a result, fatigue and strong depression, just immediately after the transport (0 h hold time) occur and the animals could be seen lying down. Since, loadtime stress is inevitable whenever animals are transported by road, efficient management practices are necessary during the procedures of loading and unloading to reduce injuries, suffering stress and economic losses in food animals.
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