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Articles by Nsikak U. Benson
Total Records ( 2 ) for Nsikak U. Benson
  Nsikak U. Benson
  Presently, heavy metal pollution of our cultivable agricultural farmlands is increasing and is often associated with anthropogenic sources. Wetlands contaminated with detectable levels of metal toxicants and other trace macro-elements are frequently used for growing vegetable crops. To assess the impact of floodwater on soil of floodplain wetland of Cross River, soil samples were taken from uppermost 0-30 cm within designated thirty square grids and analytical determinations of cobalt (Co), lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), vanadium (V) and copper (Cu) were carried out. The results show high accumulation of Mn (40.22±2.79 µg g-1), Pb (22.47±0.58 µg g-1), Cu (16.17±7.93 µg g-1) and Ni (17.24±4.12 µg g-1) from the wetland. The exploratory data analyses for each of the heavy metals revealed that the concentrations of the metals in the floodplain ultisols were more effectively influenced by environmental and anthropogenic attributes.
  Nsikak U. Benson , Joseph P. Essien , Akan B. Williams and Godwin A. Ebong
  Total hydrocarbons concentration in four commercially available shellfishes (Ocypoda africanus, Macura reptantia, Procambarus clarkii and Penaeus notialis) from coastal waters of the Niger Delta region of Nigeria were investigated between June 2003 and February 2004 using standard methods. Levels of total hydrocarbons varied significantly depending on biota species, feeding habit and season. The seasonal mean concentrations reported were: 3.98±0.69, 7.95±1.18, 2.24±0.39 and 5.85±0.57 μg g -1 dry weight for M. reptantia, O. africanus, P. clarkii and P. notialis respectively during the wet season. Enhanced concentrations recorded during the dry season were 7.81±2.32, 11.59±2.63, 6.16±2.12 and 9.69±1.90 μg g-1 dry weight for M. reptantia, O. africanus, P. clarkii and P. notialis, respectively. The results obtained indicated seasonal variations which might have been associated with an incidental crude oil spill recorded during the investigation. In general, O. africanus showed higher levels of total hydrocarbons than other species investigated. However, biota species demonstrated hydrocarbon bioaccumulation potential. Regression between the monthly concentrations of total hydrocarbons in each of the biospecimens with the levels in the surface water and sediments indicated statistically significant (p<0.05) relationships. Moreover, comparison of the seasonal mean concentrations using paired sample t-test at 95% confidence level indicated that the concentrations between the dry and wet seasons were statistically significant.
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