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Articles by Neeraj Kumar
Total Records ( 2 ) for Neeraj Kumar
  Brajesh Singh , Mukta Jain , S.V. Singh , Kuldeep Dhama , G.K. Aseri , Neelam Jain , Manali Datta , Neeraj Kumar , Parul Yadav , Sujata Jayaraman , Saurabh Gupta , Kundan Kumar Chaubey and Jagdip Singh Sohal
  Mycobacteria are dreadful human and animal pathogens causing range of mycobacterioses in different tissues. Due to their cell wall composition and their adaptability mycobacteria can survive in different habitats for years. Emergence of Multi-drug Resistant (MDR) and extensively drug resistant (XDR) strains has complicated the problem of mycobacterial disease control. Therefore new drugs should evolve to fight drug resistance. Medicinal plants may offer a new hope as source of bioactive molecules for developing alternative medicines for the mycobacterial diseases. Presently used anti-mycobacterial medicines produce serious side-effects and cannot be used in animals because of risk of entry into food chain. Plant derived medicines may help solving this problem and fighting the drug resistance. The present study reviews the literature available on anti- mycobacterial plants and their bioactive molecules with hope that this effort will expedite the research on development of a novel plant derived drugs against mycobacterial diseases.
  Neeraj Kumar , Prasad Pethe and Deepa Bhartiya
  The feeder layer constitutes a prerequisite for the undifferentiated proliferation of human embryonic stem (hES) cells in vitro. However, a few feeders have been reported to be non-supportive in nature, suggesting that these feeders exhibit a different transcriptome and proteome, in comparison to their supportive counterparts. In an attempt to identify factors required for undifferentiated growth and many downstream applications of hES cells, transcriptomes of supportive (mouse fibroblasts derived from 13.5dpc embryos and human fetal fibroblasts) and non-supportive (mouse fibroblasts derived from 18.5dpc embryos) feeders were analyzed. Furthermore, the parallel correlation of data generated in the microarray study with the published proteome data of supportive feeder fibroblasts, helped us to focus on the proteins which seem to be likely candidates in supporting the undifferentiated expansion of ES cells in vitro. Our results indicated that TGFbeta and its associated signaling molecules facilitate the undifferentiated proliferation of hES cells in vitro. The transient differentiation of feeder fibroblasts into myofibroblasts may be the decisive factor for a feeder layer to be supportive or non-supportive in nature. We propose that the microenvironment of feeder myofibroblasts dictates TGFbeta to support proliferation and apparently plays the contradictory role of facilitating differentiation when feeder support is withdrawn, possibly by acting through different signaling mechanisms.
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