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Articles by Ndiaga Cisse
Total Records ( 2 ) for Ndiaga Cisse
  Louis Kajac Prom , Ndiaga Cisse , Ramasamy Perumal and Hugo Cuevas
  Background and Objective: Long smut infection is severe in the drier regions of Africa and Asia, whereas, grain mold is the most important widespread complex disease where sorghum is grown worldwide. Both fungal diseases cause significant losses in grain yield and quality. Long smut has not yet been observed in the United States but there is no guarantee that the disease may never reach the shores. The current study was undertaken to screen selected sorghum lines and hybrids from the U.S. in Bambey, Senegal, West Africa to identify resistance sources. Materials and Methods: In this study, a total of 21 sorghum lines and hybrids from the United States and two Senegalese lines CE 151-262 and CE 196-7-2-1 were evaluated for resistance to long smut and grain mold at the Agronomic Research Station, Bambey, Senegal, West Africa, in 2011-2012 growing seasons. Seeds from sorghum lines and hybrids were planted in a randomized complete block design and replicated thrice. Differences in means among sorghum genotypes were determined at the 5% probability level based on pairwise comparison of least-square means with t-tests. Results: The study showed that sorghum hybrids AP 920 and AgriPro 2838 recorded zero long smut infection, while Triumph 459 was the most susceptible hybrid. All other lines and hybrids had long smut incidence ranging from 2.8-76.3%. None of the lines and hybrids showed resistance to natural grain mold infestation. Conclusion: The two Senegalese lines CE 151-262 and CE 196-7-2-1, exhibited lower grain mold scores than resistant checks SC719-11E and RTx2911. This study also indicated that AP 920 and AgriPro 2838 are resistant to long smut and could be used as resistance hybrids in West Africa.
  Diaw Mamadou Tandiang , Mamadou Thiam Diop , Abdoulaye Dieng , Gildas Marie Louis Yoda , Ndiaga Cisse and Moula Nassim
  The effect of substituting corn with sorghum grains with low tannin content (LTC) on broilers performances was investigated in a 6-week feeding trial. Seven hundred fifty 1-day old chicks and not sexed Coob 500 were used in this test. These animals were separated into five groups with three replicates of 50 birds for each one. A control diet with 50% of corn was used in the control group. Three other diets where corn was substituted by conventional sorghum in 1/3, 2/3 and 3/3 were given respectively to the G1/3, G2/3 and G3/3 groups. The GLTC groups received diets with total substitution of maize by sorghum with LTC. No significant difference was shown for the body weight between the control and the GLTC groups (respectively 1303 and 1418 g). But the use of conventional sorghum decreases significantly the broilers weight live (p>0.05) with the lower weight performances (1128 to 1225 g). Mortalities were similar for the different groups. It’s always results to climatic environment which was identical for the different group. No difference has been observed for the carcass dressing percentage (68 to 76%). For the nutrients digestibility, except the fat matter which was difference and higher (more than 92%), dry matter, ash and then metabolizable energy were similar (p>0.05) in the starting and growing diets.
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