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Articles by Monika A. Olszewska
Total Records ( 2 ) for Monika A. Olszewska
  Monika A. Olszewska and Piotr Michel
  The antioxidant potential of 70% methanolic extracts from the inflorescences, leaves and fruits of Sorbus aucuparia, S. aria and S. intermedia was evaluated using three in vitro test systems (DPPH: 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazyl; TEAC: trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity and FRAP: ferric reducing/antioxidant power). High activities found were expressed as micromoles trolox equivalents per gram dry weight and were in the range of 86.9-956.2 for the DPPH test, 65.3-577.2 for the TEAC assay and 221.1-1915.2 for the FRAP method. Significant linear correlations (R2 in the range of 0.75-0.98) between these values and the contents of total phenolics, total flavonoids, total proanthocyanidins and chlorogenic acid isomers showed that the listed phenolic compounds are determinants of the antioxidant capacity tested. As the superior activity and the highest phenolic levels (11.83% of total phenolics calculated as gallic acid equivalents, 4.35% of chlorogenic acid isomers, 5.01% of proanthocyanidins and 1.28% of flavonoid aglycones) were found for S. aucuparia inflorescence, this plant material has the greatest potential as a source for natural health products.
  Monika A. Olszewska and Piotr Michel
  Nine phenolics were obtained from the leaves of Sorbus aria (L.) Crantz by activity-directed isolation: isorhamnetin 3-O-β-glucopyranoside (1), astragalin (2), isoquercitrin (3), hyperoside (4), kaempferol 3-O-β-glucopyranoside-7-O-α-rhamnopyranoside (5), quercetin 3-O-β-glucopyranoside-7-O-α-rhamnopyranoside (6), rutin (7), chlorogenic acid (8) and neochlorogenic acid (9). The isolates were identified by spectral methods (UV, 1H- and 13C-NMR, COSY, HMQC and HMBC), and their free radical-scavenging activity was tested using the l,l-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method. The antioxidant potential of the different extracts obtained in the fractionation process was evaluated using the DPPH test in relation to the HPLC contents of the isolates 19, total phenolics and total proanthocyanidins. Among the analytes tested, superior activity was expressed by isoquercitrin (3, EC50 = 2.76 mg L−1) and the ethyl acetate extract (EC50 = 2.99 mg L−1). Five strongly active isolates 3, 6, 7, 8 and 9 were found to be major components and to be principally responsible for the radical-scavenging activity of S. aria extracts.
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