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Articles by Mohammad K.
Total Records ( 3 ) for Mohammad K.
  Zali M.R. , Mohammad K. , Noorbala A.A. , Noorimayer B. and Shahraz S.
  Universal vaccination of all neonates against hepatitis B virus has been implemented in the Islamic Republic of Iran since 1993. To evaluate the efficacy of the programme, 2 large seroepidemiologic surveys were conducted before and after mass vaccination on a representative sample of 1/1000 of the population. The overall seropositivity rate showed no significant decline between 1991 and 1999 but in the age group 2-14 years the rates reduced significantly [1.3% versus 0.8%, P < 0.05]. Interestingly, we observed a significantly higher decline in hepatitis B virus carrier rate in rural [1.5% versus 0.6%] than urban areas [1.1% versus 0.9%]. Universal vaccination significantly decreased the carrier rate among young children in this country.
  Alizadeh A.H.M. , Ranjbar M. , Ansari S. , MirArab A. , Alavian S.M. , Mohammad K. , Adibi P. , Sadri Gh.H. , Keramat F. , Ardalan A. , Arabi M. , Gharekhani S. , Ataei A. , Amraei Gh.R. , Hosseinzadeh M. , Hatami S. and Zali M.
  We determined the seroprevalence of hepatitis B in Nahavand in a sample of 1824 subjects > 5 years in 2002. Face- to- face interviews were conducted and blood samples taken. The association between risk factor and hepatitis B was assessed using logistic regression. The prevalence of HbsAg positive cases was 2.3%, and HBcAb and HBsAb were isolated in 7.8% and 11.6% of the participants respectively; 11.9% were positive for both HBcAb and HBsAb. History of surgery and imprisonment were the major risk factors for infection with odds ratios of 2.14 [95% CI: 1.22- 3.05] and 3.57 [95% CI: 1.68- 5.4] respectively.
  Pourmalek F. , Abolhassani F. , Naghavi M. , Mohammad K. , Majdzadeh R. , Naeini K. Holakouie and Fotouhi A.
  We estimated the life expectancy for 2003 for 23 provinces in the Islamic Republic of Iran using population and mortality data from the Ministry of Health and Medical Education. The underreporting of deaths above 4 years was corrected using the Brass Growth Balance method. We assumed that the distributions of population, deaths, and hence life expectancy in the 23 provinces were equal to those for all 28 provinces of the country. Thus we estimated life expectancy at birth to be 71.56 years for the total population [95% uncertainty interval [UI]: 71.52-71.62]; 70.09 [95% UI: 70.02-70.16] years for males, and 73.17 [95% UI: 73.10-73.24] years for females. Our estimates were higher than the model-based estimates of the Statistical Centre of Iran, United Nations agencies and the World Bank, due to differences in the estimation methods used.
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