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Articles by Mohammad Reza Maleki
Total Records ( 3 ) for Mohammad Reza Maleki
  Farzad Faraji Khiavi , Mohammad Reza Maleki , Kurosh Djafarian , Sudabeh Vatankhah and Seyyed Jamaleddin Tabibi
  Given several reported policy making models in health systems, there are limited policy making models for Human Resources for Health (HRH). Although, many benefits have been declared for HRH policies to the knowledge, there is no formal model for HRH policies in Iranian health system. The aim of study was to design a model for policy making in HRH sector in Iran. A descriptive-comparative method using an expert panel to design and Delphi procedure was applied to validate the HRH policy making model in this study. About 28 elicitors including university faculty members, experts of human resources and policy making answered a questionnaire about the proposed model by panel discussion for HRH policy making. The questionnaire was designed based on Likert method to grade each stage and steps of the model. A primary model including six stages was proposed by the expert panel. The agreement above the stages and steps of this model was reached after round two and three of Delphi procedure by elicitors. The mean score of steps in each stage was >3.9. The six stage model including issue identification, assessment, policy formulation, policy implementation, policy evaluation and policy review was designed for HRH policy making in Iran. Although, this model was approved by in health care and human resources fields, its application in decision making at HRH policy level needs to be evaluated via the quantitative and field surveys.
  Mohammad Reza Maleki , Soheila Gholami , Alireza Moosazadeh , Meysam Safi Keykale , Mahnaz Ali Janzadeh and Mahran Alijanzadeh
  Professionalism is a crucial factor in responsibility and accountability to patients. Identifying current conditions of professionalism among students is necessary for planning and policy making. The aim of the present study was to investigate professionalism among students of Qazvin (Iran) University of Medical Sciences. This cross sectional study conducted in 2015 and consisted of 200 clinical students of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. Multistage sampling was used and samples were selected by random sampling. The most important variables were altruism, accountability, excellence, duty, honor, practice habit and respect. The instrument of collecting data was a standard 32-item questionnaire of professionalism. In order to determine the scope of values and beliefs, a 5-scale Likert scale was used in each item. Instrument reliability tools were Cronbach alpha 0.89 and Test-Retest 0.88. Age average of the participants was 23.85±3.93. 120 participants (60%) were females. The lowest scores of professionalism were for altruism (3.65±0.69) and accountability (4.22±58). The highest scores were of respect (4.31±0.57) and practice habit (4.23±62). Mean of students’ professionalism was 4.29±0.48. There was a significance difference among gender, grade point average, place of residence and level of academic skills with professionalism (p<0.05). These variables predicted 15% of professionalism. Clinical student of University of Medical Sciences were at an acceptable level of professionalism. However, paying more attention to altruism, duty and accountability among Iranian students may lead to an ideal professional level.
  Mohammad Reza Maleki
  According to the clear wording of Article 191 BC requirement of legal acts (contracts and Coercives), There will (volitional and qualification) and through offer and acceptance and if the distortion of the will to reluctantly or under compulsion, Coercives the contract or due to the lack of Reza blunt or due to lack of intention is void. The composition will need to declare unilateral obligations of issues that can be seen between lawyers disagree. Some of them will declare the unilateral obligation, except as necessary in law, lack of necessity that is not considered unilateral obligations of the notification requirement. Their major argument, one way of unilateral contractsand thus does not need to agree on them and this rule is the lack of foresight by the legislature. Their major argument, one way of unilateral obligations and As a result of the lack of agreement on them this rule is the lack of foresight by the legislature. The other group did not make any difference in this respect between contracts and unilateral obligations and sentence of Article 191 BC Both in unilateral contracts have expanded. It seems that according to recent arguments and how to approach the issue of Jurisprudence (Article 167 of the constitution) as well as the principles of Article 191 BC recent argument is untenable and the announcement will happen in unilateral obligations as a condition, it is necessary coercives caused is because if reluctantly after removal of the butter, the reins of ratification or rejection of unilateral obligations is obtained.
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